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Weiyang Zhang and Ben Derudder

, W., 2014: Mapping producer services networks in mainland Chinese cities. In: Urban Studies: 0042098014558541. DOI: 10.1177/0042098014558541 Zhao, S. and Zhang, L., 2007: Foreign direct investment and the formation of global city-regions in China. In: Regional Studies, Vol. 41(7), pp. 979-994. DOI: 10.1080/00343400701281634 Zheng, S. and Kahn, M.E., 2013: China’s bullet trains facilitate market integration and mitigate the cost of megacity growth. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 110(14), pp. E1248-E1253. DOI

Open access

Kasphia Nahrin

investment for those with high incomes, foreign remittances, and black money (funds earned in the black market, on which income and other taxes have not been paid), which further increases the price of housing and land in Dhaka ( Alam & Ahmad 2010 ). Housing price inflation attracts housing investment and the supply of new housing and land for housing construction. However, the attraction of housing prices increasing could not attract investment from the low income or lower-middle income bracket, as housing inflation diminishes their capacity to gain access to housing

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Rita Remeikiene and Ligita Gaspareniene


The topic of competitiveness is becoming increasingly significant in the context of modern economics. Considering intensive processes of globalisation alongside with competitive pressure amongst the countries, competitiveness has become a necessary condition for successful economic and social development of any country. Only by creating, enforcing and maintaining international competitiveness of the country, rapid economic growth during the long term is achievable. Amongst the other urgent issues, the European Union (further the EU) public policies are also focused on competitiveness. After the failure to implement the Lisbon strategy and become “the most dynamic and competitive knowledge-based economy”, the EU declared its new competitiveness aims in the long-term strategy Europe 2020. Promotion of competitiveness is one of the fundamental aims and priority directions of the EU structural policy. The EU structural support is engaged as one of the public policy measures to promote the competitiveness of the member-states. In this context, it is purposeful to research whether the structural support is used efficiently and whether it actually contributes to the implementation of the defined aims. Under the order of various Lithuanian institutions, numerous studies on the efficiency of the EU structural support have been carried out. Nevertheless, by analysing the impact of the EU structural support, insufficient attention has been paid to the aspect of competitiveness. Considering the fact that Lithuania has entered the third programming period 2014-2020, evaluation of the EU structural investment in the country has become even more topical - for successful implementation of the aims raised for this new period, the analysis of the previous results is relevant. This determined formulation of the research problem: what impact does the EU structural support have on the competitiveness of Lithuanian economics? The empirical research has revealed that the EU structural support has a positive impact on Lithuanian gross domestic product growth, promotes foreign direct investment, research and development expenditure and increases the number of operating entities during 2004-2014 period.

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Katarzyna Nikorowicz-Zatorska

new connections with Western Europe. Regarding the latest changes in the demographic structure and migration patterns, it would be appropriate to search for new eastern destinations. Wherever possible, Lodz Airport development should be geared to high-quality general aviation and VIP aviation ( Nowak & Sikora 2005 ) services and innovative products with added value capable of satisfying demanding markets and market niches. A commitment to VIP aviation is recommended as the city and region of Lodz has attracted many foreign direct investments of late. A great

Open access

Loretta Lees

international) investment have emerged, including giving locals the first option to buy. The inner-city borough of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg in Berlin recently announced that it would not allow a privately-owned tenement to be sold to an international investor. Instead, officials directed the sale towards a state-owned independent housing association committed to affordable rents. The idea being to stop landlords from hiking up rents, this was drastic action blocking the sale of buildings and buying them up for the government. Paris instigated similar laws in 2017 designed to

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Katherine Kirk and Ellen Bal

that India was an important growth market for Amsterdam, Amsterdam Economic Affairs established a special India Desk at Amsterdam inbusiness, the official foreign investment agency for the city of Amsterdam. The India-directed policies executed by Amsterdam inbusiness also included quality-of-life activities. In order to be attractive as an immigration country, it was reasoned, Indian expats needed to feel welcome and at home. One of the key findings in the aforementioned WODC report is that more international schools would make the Netherlands more appealing to

Open access

Folorunso Sunday Ayadi, Sunday Mlanga, Monday Isaac Ikpor and Robert A. Nnachi

References Aliyu, Mohammed Aminu (2005) Foreign Direct Investment and the Environment: Pollution Haven Hypothesis Revisited. Paper prepared for the Eight Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Liibeck, Germany, June 9-11. Antweiler, W.,Copeland, B. R. and TAYLOR, M. S. (2001) Is Free Trade Good for The Environment? The American Economic Review 91 (4) pp. 877 – 908. Ayadi, F.S. (2005) A Vector Autoregressive Analysis of Trade-Environment Linkage in Nigeria. World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development. ( www

Open access

Anna Staniewska

Introduction Securing green infrastructure is crucial to maintaining the quality of life in cities like Krakow, which maintain their position as important academic and cultural centres with historic traditions, have metropolitan aspirations, and struggle with investment pressure and suburban sprawl. Creating new public green spaces responding to the needs of city dwellers is a challenging task. The main goal of this paper is to map those activities which may be a direct and indirect result of teaching landscape architects about the use of participative

Open access

Teresa Łoś-Nowak

: Wydawnictwo Antyk. Muszyński, J (2001). Megatrends and Politics. Wrocław: ATLA 2. Nakonieczna, J. (2005). Different World is Possible. In: Kuźniar, R. ed. International Order at the Beginning of 21st Century. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego. Niemiec, M. (2008). Interregional and Regional Flows of Direct Foreign Investments. In: Jędrzejczak-Kuliniak, K., Kwieciński, L., Michalski, B. & Stadtmuller, E. eds. Regionalisation in International Relations. Toruń: Adam Marszałek, p. 128, p. 146. Panas, E. (2013). Soft Power of

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Bryan S. Turner

-citizenship’ have become more widespread with the advent of guest workers alongside refugees, asylum seekers and illegal migrants. With the growing complexity of residence for migrant workers, displaced persons, stateless refugees, foreign students and tourists, it is no longer possible to assume a unitary character for citizenship status. 4 Ethno-National Citizenship In the creation of national citizenship, the state employed a variety of reforms such as the modernisation of the military, the development of a national education system, the construction of a state