Michal Klobučník CDFMR, Martin Plešivčák CDFMR and Milan Vrábeľ CDFMR
annual GDP of at least 200 billion EUR. These regions are located in Spain ( Cataluña ), Italy ( Lombardia ), Germany ( Oberbayern ) and France ( Rhône Alpes and the absolutely richest region of Île de France with an average annual GDP of over 600 billion EUR).
Average annual GDP of EuropeanUnion NUTS 2 regions in 2007–2016
Source : research results (authorsˈ calculations)
In the spatial analysis of the average annual market value of clubs in NUTS 2 regions of the EU, it is possible to identify the dominance of Western Europe over Eastern
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Although a founding member of the European Union, Germany has been rather reluctant to assume a pre-eminent leadership role in the European military integration process, choosing to focus more on social and economic affairs. But following Brexit, Germany might be also called upon to act as an integration “engine” in the defence area. Using the case study method and the analysis of social documents, we argue that Germany’s high level of military integration allows this state to assume, alongside France, a leading role in the defence pursuits of the European Union.
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8. Judgment of the General Court of 22 March 2011 - Republic of Latvia v Commission (Case T-369/07), Official Journal of the EuropeanUnion, C 139/15, 07.05.2011