increasing trend during 2011–2015 was observed in the EU member states, i . e . from 1,516 cases in 2011 to 2,242 in 2014 ( 9 ). In high-risk persons, e . g . the elderly, new-borns, or people with weakened immune system, listeriosis may manifest as meningitis, meningoencephalitis, septicaemia, and abortion ( 29 , 31 , 32 , 36 , 39 ). The disease is caused by a ubiquitous microorganism – L . monocytogenes , a Gram-positive and non-spore-forming bacterium which can grow under anaerobic and aerobic conditions and survive even in extreme environmental conditions, a
Ilze Rubeniņa, Muza Kirjušina, Aivars Bērziņš, Olga Valciņa and Inese Jahundoviča
limitation and protozoan grazing determines the phenotypic structure of a bacterial community. Microb. Ecol., 45 , 384–398.
Matz, C., Kjelleberg, S. (2005). Off the hook—how bacteria survive protozoan grazing. Trends Microbiol., 13 , 302–307.
Matz, C., Nouri, B., McCarter, L., Martinez-Urtaza, J. (2011). Acquired type III secretion system determines environmental fitness of epidemic Vibrio parahaemolyticus in the interaction with bacterivorous protists. PLoS ONE, 6 , e20275.
Matz, C., Webb, J. S., Schupp, P. J., Phang, S. Y., Penesyan, A., Egan
Krsto Grozdanovski, Zvonko Milenkovikj, Ilir Demiri, Katerina Spasovska, Marija Cvetanovska, Velimir Saveski and Biljana Grozdanovska
. De Prost N, Razazi K, Brun-Buisson C. Unrevealing culture-negative severe sepsis. Critical Care. 2013; 17(5): 1001.
36. Grozdanovski K, Milenkovic Z, Demiri I, et al. Prediction of outcome from community-acquired severe sepsis and septic shock in tertiary-care university hospital in a developing country. Critical care research and practice 2012; 2012: 182324.
37. Fleischmann C, Thomas-Rueddel DO, et al. Hospital Incidence and Mortality Rates of Sepsis. Dtsch Arztebl Int 2016; 113(10): 159–66.
38. Rhodes A, Evans LE, Alhazzani W, et al. Surviving
Katarzyna Filip-Hutsch, Tomasz Hutsch, Szymon Kolasa and Aleksander W. Demiaszkiewicz
, 13 ). However, the initial signs of incomplete septal cirrhosis following sporadic intralobular fibrosis were already visible, together with the absence of a central vein and the presence of an abnormal lobular structure. It is possible that moose with parafasciolopsosis are able to survive the infection by responding with extensive liver fibrosis, isolating thousands of flukes from the surrounding parenchyma and thus delaying the inevitable liver failure.
Changes observed during the present study in the liver of a moose did not indicate liver failure
Nicolaia Iaffaldano, Michele Di Iorio, Silvia Cerolini and Angelo Manchisi
Blesbois E., Grasseau I., Hermier D. (1999). Effect of vitamin Eon fowl spermatozoa after liquid storage at 2 to 5 degrees C. Theriogenology, 52: 325−334.
Blesbois E., Grasseau I., Seigneurin F. (2005). Membrane fluidity and the ability to survive cryopreservation in domestic bird spermatozoa. Reproduction, 129: 371-378.
Blesbois E., Grasseau I., Seigneurin F., Mignon - Grasteau S., Saint Jalme M., Mialon - Richard M.M. (2008). Predictors of semen cryopreservation in chickens. Theriogenology, 69: 252
Caroline Poyntner, Max Prem, Oliver Mann, Barbara Blasi and Katja Sterflinger
excluded from the regression analysis (S 7-12) were samples of very high HMW proportion, indicating high age. In these samples the microbial composition may have further changed because most degradable contaminants were already degraded. No correlation between individual PAHs and the ability to survive one of the three target contaminants could be found.
GC Results: Measured US EPA PAH concentrations and standard deviations of the 12 soil samples (S1-12). Values are presented as mg/kg dry weight and standard deviations were calculated (mg/kg dryweight
Janos Szederjesi, Emoke Almasy, Alexandra Lazar, Adina Huțanu, Iudita Badea and Anca Georgescu
/ Society of Critical Care Medicine”. Chest. 1992;101: 1644-55.
4. Linde-Zwirble WT, Angus DC. Severe sepsis epidemiology: Sampling, selection, and society. Crit Care. 2004;8:222-6.
5. Hervald H, Egesten A. Sepsis. Pro-Inflammatory and Anti- Inflammatory Responses. Controb Microbiol. Basel, Krager, 2011, vol 17, pp 1-11.
6. Dellinger RP, Levy MM, Rhodes A, et al. Surviving Sepsis Campaign: International guidelines for management of severe sepsisand septic shock: 2012. Crit Care Med. 2013;41:580-637.
Various acute events of everyday living that has an effect on our locomotor system are common. Injuries are the fourth most common cause of death, immediately after cardiovascular disease, cancer and respiratory diseases ( 1 , 2 ). On a global level, injuries are responsible for approximately 9% of mortality ( 2 ). It is estimated that for every death, there are dozens of hospitalizations, hundreds of emergency department visits, leaving a large proportion of people surviving their injuries as temporary or permanently disabled ( 2 , 3
Igor Piotrowski, Katarzyna Kulcenty, Wiktoria Maria Suchorska, Agnieszka Skrobała, Małgorzata Skórska, Marta Kruszyna-Mochalska, Anna Kowalik, Weronika Jackowiak and Julian Malicki
(different LET) induces aberrations at different frequencies.
In the context of RIGI the effect on genome is mediated via the accumulation of genetic changes in the progeny of surviving irradiated cells through many generations. 48 The capacity to induce genomic instability depends on both dose and quality of radiation, with high LET radiation generally inducing chromosome- and chromatid-type aberrations more effectively. 49 This effect was observed in murine bone marrow cells irradiated with 0.25 Gy, 0.5 Gy and 1 Gy of densely ionizing α-radiation. 50 Colonies
Evangelos Galitis, Vyron Droukas, Michail Tzakis, Vassileios Psarras, Dimitra Galiti, Eythymios Kyrodimos, Miltiadis Trichas, Amanda Psyrri, Nikolaos Papadogeorgakis, Maria Kouri, Evelina Belli and Vasileios Kouloulias
Oral cancer prevalence is increasing, while the 5 year survival is about 50%. The patients who survive often develop chronic oral complications and functional abnormalities after their oncological therapy [ 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ]. Pain in the mouth, jaw and neck, xerostomia/dry mouth, sticky saliva, radiation caries, fibrosis, difficulties in mouth opening and trismus are among the most common chronic complications. Those problems and functional abnormalities are associated with difficulties in food and liquid intake, swallowing problems, with the