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Gheorghe Samoilescu, Dumitru Iorgulescu, Robert Mitrea and Laura D. Cizer
This paper presents variants of propulsion systems as the main factor in the analysis and design of the power system of a sea-going or river vessel; this topic is also under research study within two doctoral theses. The analysis of the ship - main propulsion- thruster assembly is made according to the requirements imposed by the market economy. The parameters to be considered when choosing a propulsion system are: the cost of the investment, the specific cost of transport that depends both on the specific fuel consumption and on the number and level of pay of the crew members operating the propulsion system, the propulsion efficiency, the high safety in handling, and the control accessibility during operation. The Pod and Azipod propulsion systems are analyzed in terms of advantages and disadvantages compared to conventional propulsion systems. The azimuth thrusters can ensure maximum push in any direction regardless the speed of the ship, and thus can change the course of the ship according to its handling needs. The azimuth thrusters do not only operate in horizontal but also in oblique angles, providing the ship with great maneuverability, even at low speeds, where classical rudder systems have poor performance
Migration is not a new phenomenon. People have been forced or tempted to leave their homes since ancient times, due to the economic (lack of resources, type of property, level of national economy development, better careers, famine), social (family reunification, social justice, poverty), political (oppression, war, ideology) or environmental (flooding, drought) problems. If for some, migrating is a quest of improving an already good living, for many others, it is a quest of survival. On this second aspect the paper intends to focus on, especially by relating the issue with the pressure created not only upon some European countries, but also upon the European Union as a political international actor.
It seems that migration reveals a whole spectrum of vulnerabilities concerning the European Union internal security, including lack of sane regulation, which if not tackled properly can easily create disorder and endanger regional security. One thing is for sure – tackling migration and asylum problems should be structured on solidarity and responsibility, both at national and European levels.
The authors in this article present performance of public administration which concerns a basic process developing in the context of dynamics of security culture phenomenon that involves the use of local potential (including infrastructure, natural environment, finance, human capital). The process of development of a region is multifaceted. It involves any changes that are implemented at different paces and with varying intensity in economic, social, technical and environmental areas. Local security is a resulting category that allows to assess functioning of local economy. The aim of the article is to provide determinants that shape security at the local level in the context of the selected elements of the region’s balance (infrastructure and environment aspects) by the case of Swietokrzyskie Voivodeship municipalities for 2010 and 2015. In the calculations the data of the Central Statistical Office (Local Data Bank) were used. The determined synthetic measure allows to make hierarchy according to the adopted variables. It supplies information on the examined category of objects. It provides a comparative picture between the objects that were analysed, allows to indicate weaker and better areas of functioning of a unit. As it is shown in the article it gives a basis for the assessment of the effectiveness of the instruments of local authorities policy that were used in the past. The carried out statistic studies confirm existence of disparities in financial condition (financial security) of municipalities.
The international scene is still modeled on the states’ interests, despite the challenges of non-state actors, whose international policy intervention can not be described as new. The state still continues to play a central role in shaping the international system, even if it is forced to act in an environment where large corporations are designing many of the national economies of states whose nationality they do not have, and non-governmental organizations are at the outskirts of an emerging global civil society, which could jeopardize the state’s right and obligation to prevent injustice, and considering that at the global level there is no entity able to issue regulations in this regard, all of which amid testing international governance models. Looking retrospectively, during the Cold War, the state was much stronger and the threats which it had to face were characterized by a much higher degree of predictability. This paper aims to analyze the contemporary international system by reference to that specific to the Cold War, based on factors considered relevant, the objective being to identify the possibility of turning the present international system to a new Cold War.
In this article the authors focus on the element of security culture which is economic security. It is the ability of an economic system to use internal factors of development on a local level and international economic interdependence in such a way that it can guarantee its safe development. Stability and certainty of funding sources determine the scope and level of public services and tasks of a municipality that it fulfils. Economic security is a resulting category that allows to assess functioning of security culture from the perspective of local economy. The aim of the article is to provide determinants of shaping of economic security in Swietokrzyskie Voivodeship municipalities in the context of selected elements of financial management for 2010 and 2015. In the calculations the data of the Central Statistical Office (Local Data Bank) were used. The determined synthetic measure allows to arrange Swietokrzyskie Voivodeship municipalities according to the examined aspect. It gives the basis for evaluation of effectiveness of economic policy instruments that were applied in the past. They provide a comparative picture between the objects that were analysed, allow to indicate weaker and better areas of functioning of a unit.
Crises are more often perceived as a common phenomenon which requires adequate managers’ reaction and response. Nevertheless, changes have long become an element of standard management activity to support the long-term development of modern organizations. Organizations in the information and communications technology sector (ICT) face a number of challenges: intensive innovations, high R&D expenditures, widespread ICT penetration in all areas of the economy and society, shorter product life cycle, increase of crisis phenomena, etc. The purpose of this publication is to present the results of an empirical survey on the practice of linking solutions in the field of change management and crisis management among organizations in the ICT sector in Bulgaria. Achieving this goal requires solving the following tasks: examining the essence of both change management and crisis management and the need to combine their decisions; analyzing respondents’ opinions on their understanding of the different types of changes and crises experienced by organizations in the ICT sector in their development process as well as on the management activity of managers.
The economic potential of a country is directly related to a policy of creating new jobs, increasing labour productivity, balancing energy and materials consumption, technological innovation, refurbishing the production base, and taking action to create an environment for attracting investment and stimulating domestic consumption, as well as increasing exports of goods and services. A key feature of the economic system, that determines its ability to maintain normal living and working conditions for the population, is to guarantee and protect the sustainable development of the economy and the realisation of national economic interests. This article is addressed to two main economic security indicators - economic growth and investment activity of the state. It presents a specific comparison of real GDP per capita and growth rate in the European Union, the Eurozone and the Republic of Bulgaria and GDP per capita in purchasing power standards in the European Union, the Eurozone and the Republic of Bulgaria. The flow of foreign direct investment by economic sectors in the Republic of Bulgaria is been considered, including annual data, foreign direct investment flows by countries and the international position of the Republic of Bulgaria in this process
The advertising image has become a part of our daily life; it is the main method of marketing in society, which encourages and finally, persuades people to purchase goods and services. A picture is worth a thousand words, and the visual image has gained supremacy over all other communication means. Advertising contributes to the development of the economy by increasing demand and by sustaining economic activities. It determines people to consume more and thereby improves their standard of living. The brand images are capable of instantly catching consumers’ attention and are the influential devices that make people aware of the quality of a product. As a resistance movement, the adbusters assumed the mission to reveal the true face of the advertising message, and thus express disapproval of those who hunt their potential buyers so aggressively. Advertising experts are competing every year in improving institutions’ image strategies, making them more and more innovative and creative in order to sell their products and services and succeed in their field. Recent statistics confirm that the new marketing trend is all about the visual message. It’s importance is predicted to grow in the following years: an estimated 84% of communications are estimated to be visual by 2018