Iwona Markuszewska, Minna Tanskanen and Josep Vila Subirós
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langfristig für eine nachhaltige (stabile) regionale Bevölkerungs- und Siedlungsentwicklung (demographische Perspektive)?
– Welche Bedeutung haben internationale Wanderungen mittel- und langfristig für den Wirtschaftsstandort und Arbeitsmarkt Deutschland in seiner regionalen Vielfalt (wirtschaftliche Perspektive)?
– Welche räumlichen Konsequenzen haben anhaltend hohe Zuwanderungen aus dem Ausland? Wo stellen sich Probleme der Ausländerintegration? Kann die räumlich orientierte Politik einen Beitrag zur Integration der Migranten leisten?
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Ewa Cieślik, Jadwiga Biegańska and Stefania Środa-Murawska
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1 Migrantische Wirtschaftsaktivitäten und kommunale Entwicklung
Migranten und migrantische Milieus Eine zentrale Herausforderung in der Migrations-, Integrations- und Transnationalismusforschung besteht darin, die Subjekte, die im Zentrum des Erkenntnisinteresses stehen, mit angemessenen Begriffen zu belegen. Im vorliegenden Beitrag geht es grundsätzlich um Personen, deren familiäre Wurzeln unabhängig von Staatsangehörigkeit und/oder Geburtsort im Ausland liegen. Sie werden häufig als Migranten oder als Menschen mit Migrationshintergrund bezeichnet – beide
In the following paper we will discuss about the situation of the Romanian gypsies living in Spain and the main problems involved by their presence in this country. We will analyze the causes that made them emigrate to Spain, together with a historical analysis of this process, the living conditions they have (housing, employment, education...). Also, we will present the social problems they suffer because of their particular culture, other than Spanish, the main settlements where they chosen to live in Spain and social acceptance from the point of view of the Spanish population. The present article is the direct result of a research program that was developed almost two years ago by the Research Center for Regional Development and European Integration of the University of Bucharest, part of a larger research program regarding the ethnic minorities of Romania. The main important aspect of this research is the fact that we used two target groups interviewed both in Romania and Spain and also, we used official information regarding Romanian gypsy located actually on Spanish territory, according with the official Spanish census. This way we managed to gather a large quantity of information and to provide to the reader a closer to reality image of the status of Romanian gypsy presently living inside Spanish border. Also, the novelty brought by this research is the fact that we tried to present the social and integration problems encountered by the Romanian gypsies located in the cities or villages of Spain. The article might be considered a starting point for future research upon this subject.
Alessia Pica, Gian Marco Luberti, Francesca Vergari, Paola Fredi and Maurizio Del Monte
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Re-Dimensioning the Polish-German Border Area: Poznań as a City in a Transnational Cooperation Space
The declining importance of national policies and the economic level as a result of globalisation as well as European integration processes compels cities to become actors on the international stage and to define their own ‘foreign policies’, which may include the establishment of transnational alliances, networks, and cooperation territories. This will be discussed using Poznań as a case study. After the fall of the Iron Curtain the city had to integrate into traditional forms of international cooperation as well as new forms of transnational networking. Concerning the latter, the biggest challenge is the integration of Poznań into the strategic network of the Oder Partnership, which aims at creating a Polish-German cooperation space able to compete with other European regions.
Heritage has been defined differently in European contexts. Despite differences, a common challenge for historic urban landscape management is the integration of tangible and intangible heritage. Integration demands an active view of perception and human-landscape interaction where intangible values are linked to specific places and meanings are attached to particular cultural practices and socio-spatial organisation. Tangible and intangible values can be examined as part of a system of affordances (potentialities) a place, artefact or cultural practice has to offer. This paper discusses how an ‘affordance analysis’ may serve as a useful tool for the management of historic urban landscapes.
The European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC): A New Tool Facilitating Cross-Border Cooperation and Governance
The European Union is becoming one undivided continent where territories are faced with borderless economic, social and environmental challenges while still being governed within traditional institutional boundaries. Integration raises the question of cohesion among different territories, and territorial cohesion is a new objective for the Union according to the Lisbon Treaty. Cooperation between territories, beyond frontiers and across different institutional layers, is becoming crucial for providing multi-level governance to new functional regions. The European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC), a new legal and governance tool established by Regulation 1082/2006, was conceived as a substantial upgrade for this multi-level governance and beyond-the-border cooperation. Four years after its adoption, a number of EGTCs have been set up, and new ones are in the pipeline. Recently the European Commission and the Committee of the Regions have launched a consultation with the aim to review the existing legislation since 2007 on the EGTC and adjust it if necessary. The results are to be presented this year in Brussels during the 8th edition of the Open Days.
The article first highlights the EGTC framework in support of integration at a regional level and shows the background of the regulation. It then focuses on the legal issues involved, such as legal personality, potential members, tasks, organisation, state control, and liability of an EGTC. After showing the implementation status of a national EGTC, the article closes with further steps to be taken.