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Quality Factors of Management for Vocational Education Institutions

Abstract

Given the rapid advancements faced in modern times, effective leadership is pivotal to the achievement of desired goals, competitiveness and overall success in organizations. This study aims to investigate the construct validity of management quality for vocational education institutions. The sample was 350 directors and deputy directors from vocational education institutions in Thailand, determined through Multistage Random Sampling and the research tool was a questionnaire with content validity and covering 7 sets of factors with a reliability of 0.98. The correlation of variables as determined by Kaiser- Meyer-Olkin is 0.983 and Bartlett’s test of sphericity is statistically significant. Therefore, the correlation of variables are sufficient for factor analysis. The results from the construct validity investigation of the quality management measurement model of vocational education institutions by the second order confirmatory factor analysis show that the model conforms to the empirical data derived from Chi-Square= 915.32, df= 857 and p= 0.08167 while χ2 is not significantly different from 0 at the level of 0.05 and χ2/df is lower than 2 at 1.0680. In addition, RMSEA= 0.014 and RMR= 0.012, both lower than 0.05, and GFI= 0.900 and CFI= 1.00, higher than 0.90. It was concluded that the quality management measurement model of vocational education institutions has construct validity and conforms to the empirical data.

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Orí (Head) as an Expression of Yorùbá Aesthetic Philosophy

Abstract

Aesthetics was never a subject or a separate philosophy in the traditional philosophies of black Africa. This is however not a justification to conclude that it is nonexistent. Indeed, aesthetics is a day to day affair among Africans. There are criteria for aesthetic judgment among African societies which vary from one society to the other. The Yorùbá of Southwestern Nigeria are not different. This study sets out to examine how the Yorùbá make their aesthetic judgments and demonstrate their aesthetic philosophy in decorating their orí, which means head among the Yorùbá. The head receives special aesthetic attention because of its spiritual and biological importance. It is an expression of the practicalities of Yorùbá aesthetic values. Literature and field work has been of paramount aid to this study. The study uses photographs, works of art and visual illustrations to show the various ways the head is adorned and cared for among the Yoruba. It relied on Yoruba art and language as a tool of investigating the concept of ori and aesthetics. Yorùbá aesthetic values are practically demonstrable and deeply located in the Yorùbá societal, moral and ethical idealisms. It concludes that the spiritual importance of orí or its aesthetics has a connection which has been demonstratively established by the Yorùbá as epressed in the images and illustrations used in this paper.

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Key Performance Indicators of Knowledge Competency of Technical Teachers in Thailand: The 21st Century

Abstract

The objectives of this research are to develop key performance indicators for measuring the knowledge competency of technical teachers in Thailand and to analyze it by subject department. The research samples are 360 vocational teachers from 6 subject departments: machine tool technology, mechanical power technology, electrical power, electronic technology, welding, and civil construction, all affiliated with the Office of the Vocational Education Commission. Stratified random sampling technique is used to select the sample out of a population of 782. The research instrument used is a 5-rating scale questionnaire with reliability of 0.94. Data analysis is done using confirmatory factor analysis, mean, standard deviation, and analysis of variance (One-way ANOVA). The research results found that (1) there are 18 key performance indicators for measuring the knowledge competency of technical teachers, with the goodness of fit index passed all good criteria: Chi-square = 72.490, df = 56, p-value = 0.068, GFI = 0.987, AGFI = 0.965, and RMSEA = 0.022, and (2) technical teachers affiliated with the Office of the Vocational Education Commission in different subject departments, when analyzed, show no differences in teaching competency.

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State Intervention/Bailout and Economic Stabilisation in Nigeria: Some Lessons from the United States

Abstract

The study examined the nature of state intervention during economic and/or financial crisis, focusing on Nigeria and US. These two nations have embarked on various kinds of bailouts to stabilize their economies and move their nations on the path of economic recovery and growth. However, the bailout effort is more successful in the US than Nigeria. This is largely due to the approach adopted in these countries. Thus, the main objective of this paper is to ascertain the extent to which government invention has helped stabilize the Nigerian economy, when compared with the experience of the United States. The study revealed that in the US every state intervention/ bailout is approved by congress through legislation, therefore well-guided in its administration or execution, with specific time lines. On the other hand, in Nigeria bailouts are by “executive fiat”, as a result they suffer from poor execution. Hence, the paper concluded that state intervention/bailout in Nigeria has not been very successful because of the approach adopted by the government. The study recommended that subsequently, every bailout from the Nigerian government should be a product of an Act of Parliament, bailout schemes should have specific tools for measuring performance and be guided by specific lines, among others.

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A Privacy Violation Behaviors Preventive System in Using Social Media by Graduate Students of King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to create, test and develop a model for developing a system to protect personal rights violations in using social media, Integrated learning styles using deductive teaching methods and the use of case studies to promote knowledge in developing a model for developing a system to protect personal rights violations in the use of social media of graduate students at King Mongkut Institute of Technology at Ladkrabang. The sample group used to develop the protection system model is a legal expert, 7 people, namely, graduate students of King Mongkut Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, 20 people. The tools used in this research are interview with legal experts and instructors, Knowledge measurement form, Online teaching and learning management system on privacy violation behavior in the use of social media Satisfaction questionnaire for learning styles and Assessment form for certification of integrated teaching and learning styles. The results from the test scores of the pre-school and post-test scores of the sample group showed that the post-test scores had an average score higher than before (before 10.80 and 13.71). In addition, it was found that the post-test scores had a standard deviation less than the test scores before learning (after learning is 1.29 and before 3.70), indicating that the post-test scores were higher than the previous test scores. Therefore, it can be concluded that the sample group when learning through the learning style resulted in higher average student scores.

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Confrontative Study between Past Perfect Indicative in German and Past Perfect and Aorist II Indicative in Albanian

Abstract

The present study represents a significant step forward to understand past perfect indicative in Albanian and German by comparing them in morphological, semantic and stilistic aspects. The semantic meaning of past perfect indicative in Albanian is very similar to that in German. But the Albanian language also alters another additional past tense called Aorist II, that it is not present in the standard German language. This work aims at giving practical and theoretical overview on approaches and differs of the past perfect between the two languages - we intend to show that by giving great argumentative examples, which help concretising and understanding better, and also offer a clear and detailed picture of uses and meanings of this tense in both languages. In particular, in this paper it is paid attention to the text grammar, as we think that is a very important and interested point of view by studying and comparing two grammars. Furthermore we consider the issue of translation from German in Albanian and controversialy. At this point we intend to find the grammar tools the German language uses for the translation of the albanian Aorist II. This publication will be a comprehensive and authorative reference work on complex past tenses bringing together the study on different linguistic aspects.

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Disaster Risk Reduction for Earthquake Using Mobile Learning Application to Improve the Students Understanding in Elementary School

Abstract

Indonesia is located in the ring of fire and frequently hit by tectonic earthquake. Education could be one of the strategic and effective efforts to reduce the earthquake risk. Therefore, there is a need to provide knowledge about the earthquake disaster mitigation, especially in elementary school, and to grow the "Safety Culture" in school. This paper focuses on how the integration of mobile learning application in elementary school could enhance the ability of disaster risk reduction especially for earthquake mitigation in Bengkulu, Indonesia. The type of research was Pre-Experimental Design with one-group pretest-posttest design. Data collection was a test of students' understanding of earthquake disaster mitigation that includes pre-disaster, disaster, and post disaster. The independent variable was learning to use mobile learning application. The dependent variable was students' understanding of earthquake disaster preparedness. The pre-test and post-test results show that the value of t (0.975) for two-tailed test on the distribution of student (t) dk is 58 and obtained t-table is 2,001 and the calculation t is -8.02; therefore, the null hypothesis is rejected. This implies that there is an influence of educational mobile application to the students for earthquake disaster mitigation. The experiment also shows that educational mobile application influences the students understanding about earthquake disaster preparedness. Thus, mobile learning application can be effective tools for earthquake education, because it displays the earthquake information in more interactive manner.

Open access
The Role of Customer Motivation in Mediating Customer Communication and Customer Decision to Use Kartu As of Telkomsel Broadband Services in Kendari of Indonesia

Abstract

With a growing increase of mobile phone and Internet users through cellular phones, competition among provider companies of mobile broadband services is becoming very tight to win competition among the competitors. This article aims at analyzing the role of customer motivation in mediating the effect of marketing communication on customer decision in using Kartu As of Telkomsel broadband services in Kendari city of Indonesia. The variables used in this study are marketing communication as an independent variable, customer motivation as an intervening variable and customer decision as dependent variable. The data were collected from 100 respondents of Telkomsel mobile broadband customer using Kartu As. Descriptive statistics and structural equation modeling (SEM) analytical tools were used to analyze the items representing each variable. This empirical study shows marketing communication affects customer motivation which in turn it affects customer decision to purchase Kartu As of Telkomsel Services. The results indicated that customer motivation plays an important role in mediating influence of marketing communication on purchase decision in buying prepaid services of Kartu As.

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Privatisation of Public Enterprises in Nigeria: Challenges and Prospects on Economic Development

Abstract

Privatisation plays key roles in restructuring economic and social attributes of developing countries. The performance of any economy in terms of growth rate and per capita income have always been based on and associated with active involvement and participation of the private sector. It is apt to note that public enterprises in Nigeria have failed to demonstrate strong desire and ability to promote economic growth perhaps due to ineptitude of the managers and inadequate clear-cut operational guidelines establishing such enterprises. This effort attempts to evaluate the importance and implications of privatisation of government’s companies with respect to economic development. The analytical tool adopted in this paper is descriptive that focussed on review and evaluation of privatisation exercise in Nigeria. Findings indicate that corruption, indiscipline, suspicion, transparency and national sovereignty among others were the major challenges of privatisation in Nigeria. Aligning with the new order of moving poor resource utilization to more innovative and creative initiatives orchestrated the call for privatisation in Nigeria in addition to productivity improvement, increase in revenue, reduction in budget deficits as well as elimination of wastes and improvement of efficiency. The paper concludes by advocating for appropriate reform policies of all inclusiveness and transparency that offer full information about the company slated for privatisation and the attributes of core investors to quell misinformed ideas and suspicion.

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Influencing Factors of Cross-cultural Adaptation Process of Chinese Students Studying in the Upper Northern Thai Universities

Abstract

With the development of China’s ‘One Belt and One Road’(OBOR) Initiative, many Chinese students have chosen Thai universities for foreign study in recent years. As usual, problems of cross-cultural adaptation becoming the primary issues they encounter during their stay in Thailand. Based on a survey of 314 Chinese undergraduates studying at eight universities in the upper northern region of Thailand, this study analyzed the influencing factors of the cross-cultural adaptation process of these Chinese students. It tested the Young Yun Kim’s structure model, which contains six dimensions of determining aspects on international students’ cross-cultural adaptation process. A quantitative research method was applied in this article by using a structured questionnaire as a tool to collect primary data. The data analysis was conducted by using Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient and Multiple Regressions. The findings indicated that five dimensions, i.e., Communication Competence (CC), Host Social Communication (HSC), Intercultural Transformation (IT), Environment (EN), and Predisposition (PR) are significant determining aspects for the cross-cultural adaptation process of Chinese students. Furthermore, nine influencing factors out of these five dimensions had significant positive impacts on the cross-cultural adaptation process. Therefore they are considered as the main influencing factors.

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