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Tomasz Seweryniak, Dariusz Mroczek and Łukasz Łukasik

References 1. Rossini F. ed., Media guide, Part 1., 2008, Available from http://www.fivb.org/EN/BeachVolleyball/Competitions/Olympics/2008/M/ [accessed 12.04.2010]. 2. Perez-Turpin J.A., Cortell-Tormo J.M., Suarez-Llorca C., Chinchilla-Mira J.J., Cejuela-Anta R., Gross movement patterns in elite female beach volleyball. Kinesiology , 2009, 41, 212-219. 3. Koch C., Tilp M., Beach volleyball techniques and tactics: A comparison of male and female playing characteristics. Kinesiology , 2009, 41, 52

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Jürg Gassmann

-492 Eisenberg, Robert ‘The Battle of Adrianople: A Reappraisal’, in: Hirundo - The McGill Journal of Historical Studies, 8 (2009-2010), 108-120 Farrokh, Kaveh and Manouchehr Moshtagh Khorasani, ‘Arms, Armor and Tactics of Sassanian Savârân’, in: Journal of the Iranian Studies, 8/15 (2009), 289-305 France, John, Western Warfare in the Age of the Crusades: 1000-1300 (London: UCL, 1999) Gallegos Vázquez, Federico, ‘El ejército visigodo: el primer ejército español’, in: Leandro Martínez Peñas, Manuela Fernández Rodríguez (Eds

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Alliance Kubayi, Yvonne Paul, Prescott Mahlangu and Abel Toriola

Introduction Soccer is the most popular sport in the world, with the FIFA World Cup usually attracting millions of spectators ( Clark, 2007 ; Reilly et al., 2000 ). Despite its global acclaim, studies have often focused on tactics and techniques at the expense of physical factors ( Helgerud et al., 2001 ). Williams and Franks (1998) are of the view that psychological, perceptual, technical, anthropometric and physiological factors must all be highly developed to reach an elite performance level. Therefore, in order to be successful, soccer players need

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Mircea Vladu, Stelian Popescu, Ioan Dan Popa and Florin Ilie

Abstract

The applications highlighted the fact that, in crisis situations and war time, there were military negotiations, in which the partners have proven their unfairness and stiffness. The inflexibility and unfairness of the negotiator resides in the fact that he used incorrect tactics⦋1], especially subterfuges, for obtaining advantages. About this negotiating partner we would like to have the following discussion

Open access

Children’s Views and Practices Regarding Online Advertising

An Interview Study with Swedish Nine-Year-Olds

Carolina Martínez, Gunilla Jarlbro and Helena Sandberg

Abstract

This article focuses on children’s relationship with online advertising, a topic which is insufficiently researched. Individual interviews (n=20) were conducted with Swedish children to gain insight into their views and practices regarding advertising on the internet. The interview results are interpreted in relation to de Certeau’s (1984) theory of practices in everyday life, and New dimensions regarding the concept of tactics are highlighted in the conclusion. The results suggest that children have an ambivalent or negative view of online advertising. They report on avoidance tactics used in order to escape advertisements, but they also sometimes find it difficult to cope with advertisements due to their frequent appearance, color and motion. The children also report on their uses of online advertising as entertainment, and the authors stress the need for policymakers to consider whether the regulatory framework for broadcasting could be extended to cover online advertising.

Open access

James A. Gardner

Abstract

This paper examines the interaction between constitutional design and practice through a case study of Canadian federalism. Focusing on the federal architecture of the Canadian Constitution, the paper examines how subnational units in Canada actually compete with the central government, emphasizing the concrete strategies and tactics they most commonly employ to get their way in confrontations with central authority. The evidence affirms that constitutional design and structure make an important difference in the tactics and tools available to subnational units in a federal system, but that design is not fully constraining: there is considerable evidence of extraconstitutional innovation and improvisation by governments. Furthermore, changes in practice initiated by Canadian subnational actors have produced changes in the allocation of national and subnational authority that are plausibly characterized as constitutional in magnitude. The paper concludes that the design of the Canadian federal system may inadvertently undermine its capacity to stabilize itself at any particular point of constitutional evolution, making it ‘permanently provisional.’

Open access

Tetiana Kyrychenko

Abstract

The paper offers a study of speech interruptions on the basis of their communicative and pragmatic peculiarities. It provides a dynamic model of interruptions, where the development of the situation of interruption is revealed thanks to the dynamic character of speech interaction. The article presents the analysis of speech acts employed in the process of interruption. It also introduces a number of tactics of the interruption in terms of the cooperative and intrusive interruption strategy.

Open access

Marian Simka

Leg Ulceration Associated with Incompetence of the Gastrocnemius Vein - A Case Report

This paper presents a case of the patient with leg ulcers resulting from incompetence of the gastrocnemius vein with refluxing variety referred to as the "enigma of the gastrocnemius vein". The operation consisted of the selected ligature of incompetent perforator joining the gastrocnemius vein and the small saphenous vein. After the operation ulcers healed and reflux in the system of the gastrocnemius vein disappeared. Surgical tactics of operations for varicose veins accompanied by incompetence of the gastrocnemius vein is also discussed.

Open access

N. Dogotari, Eva Gudumac, C. Tica, V. Eremia, C. Ionescu and S. Babuci

Abstract

The authors present a clinical case that aims to elucidate the diagnostic tactics and the efficiency of the chystostomy procedure performed in children with complicated endobronchial lung hydatid cyst and the potential serious postoperative complications that may occur in the case of this non-capitonary residual cavity technique after pulmonary echinococectomy.

Faced with the clinical, surgical and morphopathological investigations of the endobronchus ruptured lung hydatid cyst, the authors conclude that the spectra of morphological pathogenesis present in these cases are responsible for the development of persistent aerostatic disorder, resulting in a long-term postoperative morbidity, which confirms the need to optimize the methods of surgical correction of postechinococectomial residual cavities.

Open access

Aurelian Raţiu and Alexandra Munteanu

Abstract

The conflict in Ukraine is largely considered to be a strong example of hybrid warfare, where the Russian Federation is using hybrid tactics to influence Ukraine and especially the civilian population. This paper focuses on answering the research question, how is the Russian federation using its informational warfare to influence civilian population in Ukraine? In this respect we will use the ASCOPE (Area, Structures, Capabilities, Organizations, People and Events) analysis, in order to determine trough each field, the methods in which Russia seeks control over the specific area and manipulate how the civilian population of Ukraine perceives the cause and events within their country.