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László Ádám

Myrmecophilous Genus Pella (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae). National Science Museum Monographs (Tokyo), 32: 1-207. MUONA, J., 1990 - The Fennoscandian and Danish species of the genus Amischa Thomson (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae). Entomologisk Tidskrift, 111: 17-24. PACE, R., 1975 - Descrizione di Venetiella berica, nuovo genere e nuova specie di stafilinide cieco del Veneto (Coleoptera Staphylinidae Aleocharinae). (XIII. Contributo alla conoscenza della fauna endogea.) Bollettino della Società Entomologica Italiana

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Răzvan Popescu–Mirceni

Abstract

The paper presents two dipteran species of Brachycera suborder which belong to the families Tabanidae and Dolichopodidae, reported from Syria for the first time. Egg laying in Tabanus quatuornotatus Meigen, 1820 and swarming in Medetera saxatilis Collin, 1941 were observed and photographed; drawings of the external morphology were also made as well as of the male genitalia of the second species.

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Ionut Zaharia, Ioana Diaconu, Elena Ruse and Gheorghe Nechifor

Abstract

Transport through liquid membranes of various chemical species is a viable method for different applications in analytical or technological domain. This paper presents the transport and separation results of two compounds of pharmaceutical importance: salicylic acid and aspirin, using bulk liquid membrane technique. We studied the effect of the feed source and receiving phase pH on the transport efficiency of the two compounds throught chloroform membrane. These results were correlated with speciation diagrams of salicylic acid and aspirin. The speciation diagrams shows that in these pH conditions, for aqueous phase of the membrane system, the two compounds are mostly undissociated form and therefore active for transport. In this system it can be achieve separation of the two compounds, salicylic acid and aspirin, using a suitable complexing agent in the feed source such as Fe3+. In this way salicylic acid forms an inactive complex structure for transport while aspirin crosses the membrane and it is recovered in a percentage of 80% in the receiving phase membrane system.

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Modest Guţu and Thomas Iliffe

Leptochelia Vatulelensis (Crustacea: Tanaidacea), A New Species From Anchialine Caves of the South-Western Pacific

Leptochelia vatulelensis n. sp., discovered on the small islands of Vatulele (Fijian group) and Ouvéa (Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia), is described and illustrated. The new species is distinguished from the others of the "Leptochelia-dubia group" (to which it is generally similar) by the following combination of morphological characteristics: (1) the presence of three to four distal setae on the maxilliped basis; (2) merus of pereopods III and IV with only a distosternal seta; (3) endopod of the uropods formed of four (rarely three) articles; (4) males with two (sometimes three) relatively short aesthetascs on the first five articles of the antennular flagellum; (5) male cheliped with a diminished dimorphism; (6) males with a vertical comb-row of setae on the cheliped propodus. Although it inhabits inland, anchialine caves, the new species lacks morphological features that are characteristic of some cave species.

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Mustafa Açici, Costică Adam, Ali Gürler, Kiraz Erciyas, Cenk Bölükbaş and Şinasi Umur

Chewing Lice (Phthiraptera: Amblycera, Ischnocera) From Some Wild Birds in the Kizilirmak Delta (Turkey)

We present the results of the studies on the chewing lice collected during the period 2009-2010 from 32 wild birds belonging to 11 species, in the Kızılırmak Delta of Turkey. From the 13 chewing louse species identified in the studied material, six of them are new records for the parasitological fauna of Turkey, namely: Ricinus fringillae De Geer, 1778 ex Fringilla coelebs; Cuculicola latirostris (Burmeister, 1838) ex Cuculus canorus; Brueelia domestica (Kellogg & Chapman, 1899) ex Hirundo rustica; Brueelia merulensis (Denny, 1842) ex Turdus merula; Brueelia turdinulae Ansari, 1956 ex Turdus philomelos; and Penenirmus affectator (Złotorzycka, 1976) ex Sylvia borin. Also, the following two new chewing louse - bird species associations are reported for the first time all over the world: Quadraceps anagrapsus (Nitzsch [in Giebel], 1866) ex Sterna albifrons; and Penenirmus sp. ex Sylvia melanocephala. The presence of a chewing louse species is reported on S. melanocephala for the first time in the world. And not the least, it is reported, for the first time, the presence of three chewing louse species - bird species associations in the Turkish parasitological fauna: Menacanthus curuccae (Schrank, 1776) ex Acrocephalus scirpaceus and Sylvia borin; and Menacanthus eurysternus (Burmeister, 1838) ex Turdus merula.

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Xiangyan Zhou, Jingfang Ma, Wangtian Wang, Na Gong, Yanyun zhang and Jianquan Liu

Genome Size of the Diploid Hybrid Species Hippophae goniocarpa and Its Parental Species, H. rhamnoides ssp. sinensis and H. neurocarpa ssp. neurocarpa (Elaeagnaceae)

Hybridization may induce rapid genomic changes, including gain or loss of DNA. We examined nuclear DNA content of a diploid hybrid species, Hippophae goniocarpa and its two parental species. The nuclear 2C DNA value was 2.95±0.08 pg for H. goniocarpa; for the parental species it ranged from 2.54±0.09 pg to 2.66±0.12 pg for H. rhamnoides ssp. sinensis and from 3.15±0.19 pg to 3.49±0.06 pg for H. neurocarpa ssp. neurocarpa. The nuclear DNA content of H. goniocarpa was intermediate between those of the two parental species, confirming that this species is of diploid hybrid origin and further suggesting that it is in an early stage of the process of speciation.

Open access

Dmitry V. Geltman

Abstract

Euphorbia subg. Esula is one of four major clades within the genus. A geographical analysis of the 466 species in the subgenus is reported here. Every species was assigned to one of 29 geographical elements clustered in ten groups of elements. This geographical analysis showed that the Tethyan group (comprising nine geographical elements) clearly dominates the subgenus and contains 260 species (55.79% of the total number of species). The most numerous geographical elements are Irano-Turanian (105 species) and Mediterranean (85). Other significant groups of elements are Boreal (91 species, 19.54%), East Asian (40 species, 8.58%), Madrean (26 species, 5.58%), Paleotropical (23 species, 4.94%) and South African (16 species, 3.43%). The area of the Tethyan floristic subkingdom is the center of the modern diversity of E. subg. Esula. It is likely that such diversity is the result of intensive speciation that took place during the Eocene–Miocene.

Open access

Lavinia Udrea

Abstract

A rising of sheep flocks represents one of the economical procedure imposed to be solved every one year, in the generations’ succession, through a judicious organizing of a complex reproduction activity, of breeding, of exploiting, of improvement and economical analyzing. A consequence of unspecified disease of this specie is the morbidity and the losses, generated by the infringement breeding exploiting conditions, adding the parasitical diseases, especially these linked to the lawns. This work suggests to be a radiography of the actions connected to breeding and exploiting the sheep on family farm conditions. The scientific management of production process is supposed to know the results of the activiyies of the assembly factors, which influence in a positive or a negative way the economic efficiency level, regarding the irrational leading of all the actions made to obtain a maximum economic efficiency.

Open access

Melania Stan

Contributions to the Knowledge on Staphylinids (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) in Some Riparian Ecosystems of South-Eastern Romania

The diversity of the staphylinid fauna is investigated in some riparian ecosystems along rivers of south-east Romania: the Danube, Prut, Siret, Buzău. 94 staphylinid species and subspecies were identified from 23 investigated sites. Thecturota marchii (Dodero) is a new record for the Romanian fauna. Leptobium dimidiatum (Grideli), a rare species, is recorded from a new site, the second record from Romania.

Open access

Lucian - Eugen Bolboacă, Viorel Pocora and Emanuel Ștefan Baltag

Abstract

Scops Owl (Otus scops) is a small sized owl that is a summer visitor and a breeding species in Romania. It underwent a moderate decline in Europe in the last decades, probably due to habitat loss. In Romania, it is a poorly studied species of birds. Breeding data were uncertain for Iași County. During 2010 and 2012, we identified a number of 26 Scops Owl territories. In each territory, we mapped the habitats on an area that followed a radius of 200 m from the observed bird. Thus, we identified a number of 15 habitats. From all 15 habitats mapped, the open pastures with isolated clumps of trees and bushes were best represented (15.53%) of the total habitat types of the study area. Also, in Iași County we observed a sinantropism of Scops Owl, due to the fact that 10 out of 26 territories (38.5%) are situated in anthropic habitat.