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Juris Burlakovs, Raimonds Kasparinskis and Maris Klavins

Abstract

Development of soil and groundwater remediation technologies is a matter of great importance to eliminate historically and currently contaminated sites. Stabilization/solidification (S/S) refers to binding of waste contaminants to a more chemically stable form and thus diminishing leaching of contamination. It can be performed using cement with or without additives in order to stabilize and solidify soil with the contamination in matrix. A series of experiments were done to determine leaching properties of spiked soils of different texture bound with cement. Results of experiments showed, that soil texture (content of sand, silt and clay particles) affects the leaching of heavy metals from stabilized soils.

Open access

Barbara Witkowska-Walczak, Cezary Sławiński, Piotr Bartmiński, Jerzy Melke and Jacek Cymerman

Abstract

The water conductivity of arctic zone soils derived in different micro-relief forms was determined. The greatest water conductivity at the 0-5 cm depth for the higher values of water potentials (> -7 kJ m-3) was shown by tundra polygons (Brunic-Turbic Cryosol, Arenic) - 904-0.09 cm day-1, whereas the lowest were exhibited by Turbic Cryosols - 95-0.05 cm day-1. Between -16 and -100 kJ m-3, the water conductivity for tundra polygons rapidly decreased to 0.0001 cm day-1, whereas their decrease for the other forms was much lower and in consequence the values were 0.007, 0.04, and 0.01 cm day-1 for the mud boils (Turbic Cryosol (Siltic, Skeletic)), cell forms (Turbic Cryosol (Siltic, Skeletic)), and sorted circles (Turbic Cryosol (Skeletic)), respectively. In the 10-15 cm layer, the shape of water conductivity curves for the higher values of water potentials is nearly the same as for the upper layer. Similarly, the water conductivity is the highest - 0.2 cm day-1 for tundra polygons. For the lower water potentials, the differences in water conductivity increase to the decrease of soil water potential. At the lowest potential the water conductivity is the highest for sorted circles - 0.02 cm day-1 and the lowest in tundra polygons - 0.00002 cm day-1.

Open access

Malvić Tomislav, Velić Josipa and Mate Režić

Abstract

There are eleven reservoirs in Ivana Gas Field and they are composed of Pleistocene sands, silt sands and siltstones, developed in dominant clays and marls depositional sequences. Ika Gas Field is the only field in Adriatic with gas accumulated in carbonate rocks, which are the deepest reservoir of the total four reservoirs. A carbonate reservoir is defined with tectonical and erosional unconformity, which is placed between Mesozoic and Pliocene rocks. The three younger Ika reservoirs are composed of Pleistocene sands, silt sands and siltstones that are laminated into clays and marls. The goal of our study was to assess the ‘Probability Of Success’ (POS) of finding new gas accumulations within the marginal area of those two fields, either in the form of Mesozoic rocks or Pleistocene deposits. The assessment was successfully completed using the Microsoft Excel POS table for the analyzed areas in the Croatian part of the Po Depression, namely, Northern Adriatic. The methodology was derived and adapted from a similar POS calculation, which was originally used to calculate the geological probability of hydrocarbon discoveries in the Croatian part of the Pannonian Basin System (CPBS).

Open access

J. Melke, B. Witkowska-Walczak and P. Bartmiński

Abstract

The water retention characteristics of the arctic zone soils ((TurbicCryosol (Skeletic), TurbicCryosols (Siltic, Skeletic) and BrunicTurbicCryosol (Arenic)) derived in different micro-relief forms were determined. Water retention curves were similar in their course for the mud boils, cell forms, and sorted circles ie for TurbicCryosols. For these forms, the mud boils showed the highest water retention ability, whereas the sorted circles - the lowest one. Water retention curves for the tundra polygons (Brunic TurbicCryosol, Arenic) were substantially different from these mentioned above. The tundra polygons were characterized by the lowest bulk density of 1.26 g cm-3, whereas the sorted circles (TurbicCryosol, Skeletic) - the highest: 1.88 g cm-3. Total porosity was the highest for the tundra polygons (52.4 and 55.5%) and the lowest - for the sorted circles (28.8 and 26.2%). Pore size distribution of the investigated soils showed that independently of depths, the highest content of large and medium pores was noticed for the tundra polygons ie 21.2-24.2 and 19.9-18.7%, respectively. The lowest content of large pores was observed for the cell forms (6.4-5.9%) whereas the mud boils exhibited the lowest amount of medium sized pores (12.2-10.4%) (both TurbicCryosols Siltic, Skeletic). The highest content of small pores was detected in the mud boils - 20.4 and 19.0%.

Open access

Maciej Swęd and Przemysław Niedzielski

Abstract

The article presents the results of preliminary geochemical and mineralogical studies of technogenic soils (Technosols) of abandoned iron ore mines on the Ławęczna Hill near Miedziana Góra in the Holy Cross (Świętokrzyskie) Mountains, southcentral Poland. The results of chemical analyses (XRF) were used to calculate the soil enrichment factors of arsenic, copper, iron, lead and zinc, and compare the element concentrations to their levels in uncontaminated soils across Poland and in the city of Kielce. The highest values of soil enrichment factors of metals (As 27.699, Ni 26.455, Cu 9.353, Zn 3.344, Pb 0.62) were recorded for the sand fraction composed of iron oxyhydroxides and hematite, whereas the lowest (Ni 0.22, Cu 0.069, Zn 0.007, Pb 0.028) for the clay–silt and sand fractions, which were primarily composed of calcite and quartz as well as for gravel fraction. The clay-silt fraction shows the highest enrichment in arsenic (27.69). The examined metals and arsenic show positive geochemical anomalies.

Open access

Daniel Mosquera and Jorge Sánchez

References Aitken MJ, 1985. Thermoluminescence dating . Academic Press, London: 267 pp. Aitken MJ, 1998. An introduction to optical dating . Oxford University Press: 359 pp. Mauz B and Lang A, 2004. Removal of the feldspar-derived luminescence component from polymineral fine silt samples for optical dating applications: evaluation of chemical treatment protocols and quality control procedures. Ancient TL 22(1): 1-8. Wallinga J, Murray AS, Duller GAT and

Open access

Andrzej Sawicki, Jacek Mierczyński, Agata Mikos and Justyna Sławińska

–1105. Groot M. B. de, Bolton M. D., Foray P., Meijers P., Palmer A. C., Sandven R., Sawicki A. and Teh T. C. (2006) Physics of liquefaction phenomena around marine structures, Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, ASCE, 132 (4), 227–243. Guo T. and Prakash S. (1999) Liquefaction of silts and silt-clay mixtures, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, 125 (8), 706–710. Idriss I. M. and Boulanger R. W. (2008) Soil Liquefaction during Earthquakes , Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, MNO-12, Oakland

Open access

Bogusław Michalec and Marek Tarnawski

References ACKERS P., WHITE W.R. 1973: Sediment transport. New approach and analysis. Journal of the Hydraulic Division , ASCE 99, HY11, 2041-2060. BATUCA G.D., JORDAAN M.J. 2000: Silting and Desilting of Reservoirs. A. A. Balkema , Rotterdam, Netherlands. BEDNARCZYK T., MICHALEC B. 2002: Reduction in sediment trap efficiency of small reservoirs during their operation. Zesz. Nauk. Akademii Rolniczej we Wrocławiu, seria Konferencje XXXVI , Nr 438, 325

Open access

Andrzej Kaim and Przemysław Sztajner

ABSTRACT

Kaim, A. and Sztajner, P. 2012. Faunal dynamics of bivalves and scaphopods in the Bathonian (Middle Jurassic) ore-bearing clays at Gnaszyn, Kraków-Silesia Homocline, Poland. Acta Geologica Polonica, 62(3), 381- 395. Warszawa.

The environment at the Gnaszyn section - as deduced from bivalve and scaphopod dynamics - was controlled by the substrate consistency and possibly oxygen deficiency near the sediment-water interface and/or oxygen content fluctuations. The middle part of the section dominated by nuculoid and corbulid bivalves and Laevidentalium -type scaphopods probably reflects a soupy substrate and possibly oxygen deficiency in the sediment. Slightly coarser and better-oxygenated silts in the upper and lower parts of the section offered a less soupy substrate consistency, allowing the development of communities dominated by astartids, byssate bivalves, and Dentalium - and Plagioglypta-type scaphopods.

Open access

Mohamed Gliz, Boualem Remini, Djamel Anteur and Mohammed Makhlouf

Abstract

Located in the north west of Algeria, the watershed of Wadi El Hammam is threatened by water erosion that has resulted the silting of reservoirs at cascade: Ouizert, Bouhanifia and Fergoug. The objective of this study is to develop a methodology using remote sensing and geographical information systems (GIS) to map the zones presenting sensibility of water erosion in this watershed. It aims to produce a sensibility map that can be used as a reference document for planners. The methodology presented consists of three factors that control erosion: the slope, the friability material and the land use, which were integrated into a GIS. The derived erosion sensibility map shows three areas of vulnerability to water erosion: low, medium and high. The area of high vulnerability corresponds to sub-basin of Fergoug.