Valentina Anechitei-Deacu, Alida Timar-Gabor, Daniela Constantin, Oana Trandafir-Antohi, Laura Del Valle, Joan J Fornós, Lluís Gómez-pujol and Ann G. Wintle
quartz was used (inset to Fig. 3a ). The equivalent data for 63–90 μm grains from M#6# are given in the inset to Fig. 3b . The OSL signal used for analyses was the initial 0 to 0.308 s of the decay curve minus a background from the 1.69–2.30 s interval. LM-OSL signals of 4–11 μm and 63–90 μm grains from sample M#6# were also examined (see Fig. S1 ).
Representative SAR dose response curves and decay curves for fine and coarse quartz. (a) SAR dose response curve for an aliquot of 4–11 μm quartz extracted from sample M#6# and test results. Inset shows a
providing reliable dating for Koonalda continues to provide a significant challenge for the interpretation of Aboriginal presence in the site. In turn this has prevented a reliable chronology for the sedimentology, physical formation and palaeoenvironment of the cave ( Jennings, 1961 ; Wright, 1971 and Gillespie, 2002 ).
Gallus dug three archaeological trenches into the main chamber of the northwest passage between 1960 and 1973 ( Gallus, 1968a ; 1971 and 1973 ). Extensions to the third trench were dug by Richard Wright in 1967 in response
Chuan-Yi Wei, Chun-Ru Liu, Chang-An Li, Gong-Ming Yin, Yu-Fen Zhang, Wen-Peng Li and Lu-Peng Yu
SiO 2 Physical Review B 27(4): 2285–2293, DOI 10.1103/PhysRevB.27.2285. 10.1103/PhysRevB.27.2285
Jani MG Bossoli RB Halliburton 1983 Further characterization of the E 1 ’ centre in crystalline SiO 2 Physical Review B 27 4 2285 2293 10.1103/PhysRevB.27.2285
Jin SZ, Deng Z and Huang PH, 1991. A response study of E 1 ’ centre of loess quartz to light. Chinese Science Bulletin 36(10): 741–744. (in Chinese)
Jin SZ Deng Z Huang PH 1991 A response study of E 1 ’ centre of loess quartz to light Chinese Science
 Decaulne A and Sæmundsson Þ, 2008. Dendrogeomorphology as a tool to unravel snow-avalanche activity: Preliminary results from the Fnjóskadalur test site, Northern Iceland. Norwegian Journal of Geography 62(2): 55–65, DOI 10.1080/00291950802094742.
 Dorren LKA and Berger F, 2006. Stem breakage of trees and energy dissipation during rockfall impacts. Tree Physiology 26(1): 63–71, DOI 10.1093/treephys/26.1.63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/26.1.63
 Dubé S, Filion L and Hétu B, 2004. Tree
Caroline W. Maina, Joseph K. Sang, Benedict M. Mutua and James M. Raude
degradation worldwide ( IAEA, 2014 ). According to ICOLD (2009) , 27% of land in Africa is degraded, out of which 65% of agricultural land is degraded due to erosion and/or chemical and physical damage. In addition, soil erosion is reported by Collins et al . (2001) as a serious environmental problem in many African countries. The severe soil erosion and degradation largely affect food security in Sub-Saharan Africa ( Dercon et al ., 2012 ). This has been attributed to many developing countries in Africa having experienced expansion of agriculture on to marginal land
Sebastian Kreutzer, Loïc Martin, Guillaume Guérin, Chantal Tribolo, Pierre Selva and Norbert Mercier
dosimeter, especially in the field. Taking advantage of these physical properties, our group has used α-Al 2 O 3 :C for developing a comprehensive dosimetric system easily usable in the field (e.g., archaeological sites).
We use α-Al 2 O 3 :C chips produced by Landauer Inc . as detectors. Since its development, this material has been extensively studied (e.g., Whitley and McKeever, 2000 ; Akselrod et al ., 1998 ; Erfurt et al ., 2000 ) and it is nowadays also used as detector for personal dosimetry (cf. Yukihara and McKeever, 2011 ). Chips were favoured over
Asghar Etesampour, Asadollah Mahboubi, Reza Moussavi-Harami, Nasser Arzani and Mohammad Ali Salehi
. Plate tectonics and sandstone compositions. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 63, 2164–2182.
Dickinson, W.R., 1985. Interpreting provenance relations from detrital modes of sandstones. In: G.G. Zuffa (ed.), Provenance of Arenites. Nato Science Series C: Mathematical and Physical Sciences, 48. Springer, Amsterdam, pp. 333–361. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-2809-6_15
Dickinson, W.R., 1988. Provenance and sediment dispersal in relation to paleotectonics and paleogeography of sedimentary basins. In: K.L. Kleinspehn and C. Paola, (eds
Katarzyna Łuszczyńska, Małgorzata Wistuba, Ireneusz Malik, Marek Krąpiec and Bartłomiej Szypuła
) tool was used to make use of the best method of interpolation. RMSE is the most frequently used parameter determining degree of accuracy. It expresses the dispersion of the distribution of the frequency of variances between the original (real) data and the interpolated data. In statistics and probability theory, RMSE is a widely used measure of conformity between a set of estimates and the actual values ( Li, 1988 ). The calculated RMSE values were similar for the methods tested: from 0.49 (Topo to Raster) to 0.57 (Spline). Although the lowest RMSE value was obtained
influence of both hydrological variables upon the ring development, we focused on the common time period from preceding year April to current year March, when cambium activity ends ( Giantomasi et al., 2012 ). Correlations were computed with the software DENDROCLIM2002 and tests for significance were determined through the bootstrap method ( Guiot, 1991 ; Biondi and Waikul, 2004 ). Possible differences in radial growth-environmental variability relation as function of tree spatial distribution were analyzed by the means of ANOVA computed on the r/s coefficients ( r
Marcin Błaszczyk, Helena Hercman, Jacek Pawlak, Michał Gąsiorowski, Šárka Matoušková, Marta Aninowska, Ditta Kicińska and Andrzej Tyc
goal for this work is the improved estimation of studied flowstone chronologies. Oxygen isotopic stratigraphy is tested as an alternative dating method. The second goal is a regional paleoenvironmental interpretation of the obtained records (including δ 18 O and δ 13 C records) and the results of the petrographic observations.
Głęboka Cave is located in southern Poland in the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland and is the largest known cave formed of karst from a natural reserve (Mt. Zborów; Fig. 1 ). Its length is 190 m, and the height difference between