This paper describes and analyzes the impact of taxes on the choices people make about working and collection of pension benefits. One rationale for the paper is the recent sharp increase in the number of employed older workers in Sweden. The paper emphasizes the increase of older workers who have both labor and pension income. A main aim of this paper is to explain how much financial incentives have had to do with this change. The evaluation proceeds from both natural experiments and structural models. One evaluation is based on the effect
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union members were not the big beneficiaries of tax-credit transfers. The workers’ unions probably did not see the tax-credit system as their baby. It is a remarkable fact that the workers’ unions and employers’ associations were, at the same time, in the process of consolidating a pension fund system that they had taken the initiative to establish outside both the tax system and the social security system, that is, totally beyond government control. The tax deductions soon became a matter of discussion between the state, the labor unions, and the employers’ unions
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The history of old age has only relatively recently become explored as a research topic in Poland. This sketch focuses on the relationship between old age and poverty in People’s Republic of Poland. Old age, however, was a significant object of interest of the PRL authorities in at least two aspects. The first was the social security system, particularly in relation to old age and disability pensions, and the second, social care for the aged.
Business of selling insurance requires great skill especially in this time of difficulty caused by the economic crisis which seems to extend more than anyone had. If by 2008, life insurance offset the gap represented by a long-term savings product to fill in the state pension, after this year, more and more they entered the natural path of protection first. Currently, however, the economic crisis has become an even bigger reason to refuse or postpone the purchase of insurance.
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