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Václav Ježek


The article discusses the issue of Euthanasia from the perspective of an Orthodox theology of communion. It demonstrates, that issues related to Euthanasia including moral and ethical issues cannot be limited to the individual and his context, but are in fact issues that should and do incorporate the wider community. The emphasis of Orthodox Theology on Communion and on the community could present possibilities of how to deal with Euthanasia by transferring the debate from the context of the individual and his or her choice or choice of other immediate individuals to an ecclesially centred platform. Just as there is a tendency for greater individualisation in society there is a tendency to moral and ethical individualisation and atomisation.

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Journal for Markets and Ethics

Zeitschrift für Marktwirtschaft und Ethik

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Colin C. Williams, Josip Franic and Rositsa Dzhekova

extent and nature of informal employment in the European Union. Industrial Relations Journal 44: 479-494. Williams, C. C. 2014a. Confronting the Shadow Economy: evaluating tax compliance and behaviour policies. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. Williams, C. C. 2014b. Out of the shadows: a classification of economies by the size and character of their informal sector. Work, Employment and Society 28: 735-753. Williams, C. C. and Martinez, A. 2014a. Explaining cross-national variations in tax morality in the European Union: an

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Ethics & Bioethics

(in Central Europe)

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The Theological Journal of Emanuel University

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Gabrijela Kragujević


Under the influence of the French bourgeois revolution and the free-minded, educated patriots, many European nations, revolted by the state and position of their peoples, awoke. Strongly influenced by democratism, liberalism and national romanticism, the first national states were created in Europe (Germany, France, and Italy), while in nationally deprived entities there were national leaders of the “revolutionary” movements striving towards national emancipation from the foreign authorities. Under the given social and historical circumstances in the Czech Republic, a gymnastic society was founded with the basic task of a camouflaged struggle for national revival and emancipation. It required the physical power, health, and morale of people, with the contribution of physical exercise with its means and methods. This opinion was the guiding principle for Miroslav Tyrš, MD, and his close associates who established, developed and expanded the Sokol gymnastic system, transformed from the higher national importance to the Slavic Sokol movement and creation of a universal humanistic system of physical exercise. The Sokol gymnastic system was based on democratic liberal ideological foundations, consisting of unique, consistent and coherent elements: organizations, ideologies, systems of physical exercises, socio-educational methods, Sokol dedication, members and Sokol press. The Sokol educational methodology was one of the most important elements of their work, and it could be carried out only in symbiosis and synergy with the Sokol ideology, the system of physical exercises, members and printed material.

The Sokol gymnastic system was built on a scientific basis and systematics with its source in philosophical views of Tyrš and his immediate personal experience.

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Dennis A. Rendleman


This paper discusses the tensions between moral obligations, ethical rules and legal requirements contained within the American Bar Association Model Rules of Professional Conducts by reviewing the history and evolution of the Model Rules and the conflicting societal purposes served by the Rules regarding client protection, attorney regulation, jurisprudential philosophy and social justice. Equally important is a discussion of the parallel development of attorney discipline.

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Martyna Sekulak and Józef Maciuszek

: Threatened morality and physical cleansing. Science, 313, 1451-1452. doi: 10.1126/ science.1130726 Zhong, C. B., Strejcek, B., & Sivanthan, N. (2010). A clean self harsh moral judgment. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 859-862. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2010.04.003

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Colin C. Williams and Josip Franic

compliance and morality. Journal of Business Ethics 101: 635-51. Andrews, D., Caldera Sanchez, A. and Johansson, A. 2011. Towards a Better Understanding of the Informal Economy. Paris: OECD Economics Department Working Paper no. 873, OECD. Ayres, I. and Braithwaite, J. 1992. Responsive Regulation: transcending the deregulation debate. New York: Oxford University Press. Baric, M. and Williams, C.C. 2013. Tackling the undeclared economy in Croatia. South-Eastern Europe Journal of Economics 1: 7-36. Boels, D

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Joseph W. Chang

. 3, pp. 85–97. Turiel, E. (1983), The development of social knowledge: Morality and convention , Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. Um, N.-H. (2013), “Celebrity scandal fallout: How attribution style can protect the sponsor”, Psychology & Marketing , Vol. 30, No. 6, pp. 529-541. Wang, C.L., Bristol, T., Mowen, J.C. and Chakraborty, G. (2000), “Alternative modes of self-construal: dimensions of connectedness-separateness and advertising appeals to the cultural and gender-specific self”, Journal of Consumer Psychology , Vol. 9