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Daniel Jaquet, Claus Frederik Sørensen and Fabrice Cognot

’, Proceedings of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences (Proc.R.Soc.B) , 279 (2012), 640–44. Barber, Malcolm and Barker, Juliet, Tournaments: jousts, chivalry and pageants in the Middle Ages (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1989). Bauer, Matthias Johannes, ed., Langes Schwert und Schweinespiess: Die anonyme Fechthandschrift aus den verschütteten Beständen des Historischen Archivs der Stadt Köln (Graz: Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 2009). Boffa, Sergio, Les Manuels de Combat (Fechtbücher’ et Ringbücher), Typologie des sources du Moyen Âge occidental, fasc

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Astrid Guillaume

References Eco, U. Dire presque la même chose. Expériences de traduction. Paris : Grasset, 2006. Guidere, M. Irak in Translation, De l’art de perdre une guerre sans connaître la langue de son adversaire, Paris, Jacob-Duvernet, 2008. Guillaume, A. « La langue (au service) du Mal(in) au Moyen-Âge : Reinhart Fuchs ». La mauvaise langue. Dir. Nathalie Vienne-Guerrin, Florence Cabaret, Presses Universitaires du Havre et de Rouen (forthcoming). Guillaume, A. « Cadrage géopolitique de la mondialisation

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Ivana Đuričić, Jelena Kotur-Stevuljević, Milica Miljković, Mirko Kerkez, Vladimir Đorđević, Ljubomir Đurašić and Slađana Šobajić

-90. 9. Đuričić I, Šobajić S, Peruničić-Peković G, Stojanov M, Rašić Z. Consumption of fish oil supplement alters erythrocyte fatty acid composition in overweight, hypercholesterolemic middle-aged Serbians. Nutr Res 2007; 27: 529-34. 10. Vekić J, Kotur-Stevuljević J, Jelic-Ivanović Z, Spasić S, Spasojević-Kalimanovska V, Topić A, et al. Association of oxidative stress and PON1 with LDL and HDL particle size in middle-aged subjects. Eur J Clin Invest 2007; 37: 15-23. 11. Incidence and mortality of acute coronary syndrome in Serbia in 2011

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Maurycy Kustra


This paper deals with the problem of shaping landscape. The examples of towns of Great Poland from the 13th century were implemented and used. Their layout was not accidental. Towns were created with a substantial dose of accuracy. A market square was precisely laid out; roads were turned straight to the nearby towns, and plots were created for townsmen. It tended to be the final product of human thought and idea. The comparison of towns’ sizes shows that the same measures and similar schemes were used. In a medieval town each and every aspect was carefully planned and wellthought- out, but sometimes it was modified due to the terrain. Subsequent generations interpreted landscape on their own and occasionally changed the layout of a town. The contemporary appearance of towns is a product of thought materialisation in the living space. That is why the landscape of towns can be analysed and read.

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Jacek Olesiejko


This article uses Charles S. Peirce’s concept of icon and Judith Butler’s idea of genealogy of gender to study levels of fictionality in the Old English poem Beowulf. It shows that Wealhtheow, the principal female character in the epic, operates as a diegetic reader in the poem. Her speeches, in which she addresses her husband King Hrothgar and Beowulf contain implicit references to the Lay of Finn, which has been sung by Hrothgar’s minstrel at the feast celebrating Beowulf’s victory. It is argued here that Wealhtheow represents herself as an icon of peace-weaving, as she casts herself as a figuration of Hildeburh, the female protagonist of the Lay of Finn. Hildeburh is the sister of Hnæf, the leader of the Danes, and is given by her brother to Finn the Frisian in a marriage alliance. In her role as a peace-weaver, the queen is to weave peace between tribes by giving birth to heirs of the crown. After the courtly minster’s performance of the Lay, Wealhtheow warns her husband against establishing political alliances with the foreigner Beowulf at the expense of his intratribal obligation to his cousin Hrothulf, who is to become king after Hrothgar’s death.