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Shreya Sarkar and Anindya Bose

–693. Sarkar S. and Bose A. (2016a), “Studies on Solution Accuracy of GLONASS from India”, Gyroscopy and Navigation , Vol 7, No 1, 39-49. Sarkar S. and Bose A. (2016b), “Lifetime of Revitalized GLONASS satellites: a Review”, in Proc. National Conference on Materials, Devices and Circuits for Communication Technology (MDCCT 2016) , Burdwan, India, pp 173 – 176. Ta T. H., Truong D. M., Nguyen T. T., Hieu T. T., Nguyen T. D. and Belforte G. (2013), “Multi-GNSS positioning campaign in South-East Asia”, Coordinates , Vol IX, Issue 11, 11-20 University of New

Open access

Constance Moretti, Xuyuan Tao, Vladan Koncar and Ludovic Koehl

Abstract

Using their ability to change their color according to an external stimulation, chromic materials can be used to form a color-changing textile. Electrochromism, more particularly, is a colour change phenomenon caused by the application of an electrical potential. A flexible textile electrochromic device composed of four layers is presented. In order to improve the lifetime of this structure, the electrical performances of the electrolyte layer are studied. A method to measure and calculate the resistance variations of the electrolyte applied on a textile cotton substrate is given. Relations between the electrical performances of the electrolyte and the electrochromic effect of the device are also highlighted.

Open access

S. Ananda Kumar, P. Ilango and Grover Harsh Dinesh

Abstract

Many studies have been proposed on clustering protocols for various applications in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN). The main objective of the clustering algorithm is to minimize the energy consumption, deployment of nodes, latency, and fault tolerance in network. In short high reliability, robustness and scalability can be achieved. Clustering techniques are mainly used to extend the lifetime of wireless sensor network. The first and foremost clustering algorithm for wireless sensor network was Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH). As per LEACH, some Cluster Head (CH) may have more nodes, some other may have less nodes, which affects the network performance. The proposed method MaximuM-LEACH provides a solution by load balancing the number of nodes equally by fixing the average value N, so the life time of the network is increased.

Open access

Roman Wan-Wendner

1 Scope The design of safe and durable concrete structures made from standard as well as high performance concretes, and the maintenance and rehabilitation of the built infrastructure, both require an in-depth understanding of the complex heterogenous aging composite material concrete. Questions pertaining to the ultimate capacity, serviceability, and durability, as time variant problems have to be faced in all phases of a concrete structure’s life-time, from design, operation and maintenance up to demolition. In the design phase, multi-decade predictions

Open access

Davide Filippi

Abstract

This article addresses the process of political organization and unionizing among university researchers in Italy which are formally considered to be ‘in training’. This condition puts them in a sort of liminal space, between being recognized as fully employed professionals and being instead considered lifetime students. Their effort to organize politically can be seen as one of many ways through which students are fighting against the establishment of the neoliberal university model. The analysis is focused on the Italian movement called CRNS - Coordinamento dei Ricercatori non Strutturati (Non-structured Research Fellows Coordination), which formed to address this defining issue. The CRNS experiment aimed at achieving a sense of unity among the fragmented academic workforce and it can be considered a prototype of a new, grassroots form of union activity and organizing. The empirical data used in the analysis consists of ten in-depth interviews with university researchers, all Italian citizens, equally divided between men and women, who have all had to move around, as a function of their career and who have all been involved, to different degrees, in political and union organizing initiatives, regarding their conditions of ‘perpetual students’ rather than ‘not quite employed’.

Open access

A Rodgman

References 1. Lifetime Achievement Award: Dr. Dietrich Hoffmann; 58 th Tobacco Science Research Conference, Program Booklet and Abstracts, Vol. 58, 2004, pp. 4–5. 2. Wright, G.F: Studies with tobacco smoke condensate; in : Proc. 3rd Natl. Cancer Conf., June, 1956, JB Lippincott Company (1957) 479–484. Wright, G.F and E.L. Wynder: Fractionation of cigarette tar; Proc. Am. Assoc. Cancer Res. 2(1) (1955) 5. Wright, G.F and E.L. Wynder: Further chemical studies of cigarette smoke condensate; Proc. Am. Assoc

Open access

Paweł Lindstedt and Rafał Grądzki

A Synthetic Method for Examination of Potential Reliability and Safety Level Demonstrated by Technical Facilities During Their Lifetime

The paper presents fundamentals for an innovative method that takes advantage of diagnostic information defined with participation of an expert. (presented as a score of points). Defined number of points is assigned to each signal change, depending on the signal value and the moment when the change occurs, whilst the number of points is preliminary defined by an expert. The proposed innovative method consists in the use of signals represented by the scores to determine combined status equations [3, 5] for parameters of the adjustment control state and technical state (equations 3 and 4) and then parameters of reliability and safety (equations 5 and 6). Such an approach enables continuous monitoring of the reliability and safety states of facilities during their lifetime. The presented approach may prove to be extremely useful as it unambiguously presents wear and tear of the facilities and enables to predict when the facilities should be repaired (overhauled).

Open access

Rune Dall Jensen, Ask Vest Christiansen and Kristoffer Henriksen

Abstract

As a multi-sport event that only takes place every four years and is accompanied by intense media coverage, the Olympic Games are often described by athletes as a defining moment in their careers. The objectives of the present study were: 1) to describe differences in expectations of Olympic debutants towards the Olympics and their actual experiences while they were at the Games; and 2) to describe how the athletes negotiate the balance between performing at and enjoying the experience of the Olympic Games. Further, we will discuss the athletes' stories in light of the differences between the goals and expectations of the elite sport system and those of the individual athletes. Data was collected through a qualitative interview study with a pre- and post-Olympic competition design.

Using a semi-structured interview guide, we interviewed 14 Danish Olympic debutants about their Olympic goals and expectations within a month preceding their departure for the Olympic Games and about their actual experiences within a month following their return.

Condensed narratives from two Olympic debutants represent the spectrum of the athletes' expectations and experiences: one failed in his performance but had a great experience; the other was successful and won a silver medal but was truly unhappy with her experience. The debutants emphasize balancing their desire to perform with a desire for social experiences. They also discussed the challenges posed during preparation and goal setting.

Olympic debutants are caught in a very real dilemma between the Olympics as the “most important competition of their athletic careers” and “the Olympics as the experience of a lifetime.” This dilemma is linked to a wide rift between the perspectives and goals of the sport organization and those of the athletes.

Open access

Why Do We Do What We Do?

Motivation in History and the Social Sciences

Ramsay MacMullen

Open access

Body Law and the Body of Law

A Comparative Study of Social Norm Inclusion in Norwegian and American Laws

Christine M. Hassenstab