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Mojgan Abshavi

. New York: Infobase Publishing. Sartre, J-P. (1956). Being and nothingness : an essay on phenomenological ontology. H. E. Barnes (Trans.). London and New York: Routledge. Sartre, J-P. (2007). Existentialism is a humanism . C. Macomber (Trans.). London and New Haven: Yale University Press. Sartre, J-P. (1984). War diaries: notebooks from a phoney war 1939–40 . Quintin Hoare (Trans.). London: Verso. Solomon, R. C. (2005). Existentialism . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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Jan-Erik Mansikka, Harriet Zilliacus, Annika Rabo, Lena Näre, Suvi Keskinen, Jaana Palander and Mante Vertelyte

References Abdallah-Pretceille, M 2012, ‘Towards a humanism of the diverse’, IJE4D Journal, vol. 1, 2012, pp. 133-136. Sandelson, M & Smith, L 2011, Oslo’s Groruddalen: an eyesore on Norwegian integration policy?, The Foreigner. Available from: [Last accessed 4.12.2012]. Vertovec S & Wessendorf, S (eds.) 2010, The Multiculturalism Backlash: European Discourses, Policies and Practices, Routledge, London

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Małgorzata Myk

Let Rhoda Speak Again: Identity, Uncertainty, and Authority in Virginia Woolf's The Waves

Performing a rereading of Virginia Woolf's 1931 experimental modernist masterpiece of The Waves, in this article I focus on the elusive and conflicted character of Rhoda, whose significance has been either overlooked or marginalized in the available criticism of the narrative. By pointing out a number of problems in the existing scholarship devoted to Rhoda, I propose to define her as a transgressive figure of uncertainty through which Woolf develops a critique of the unitary self. My point of departure for the following essay is Toril Moi's perspective on Woolf's oeuvre as openly feminist and deconstructive. Consequently, I begin with Moi's emphasis on Woolf's commitment to the problematization of the Western male humanism's underlying concept of the unitary self. Drawing from a number of critical and philosophical perspectives, I turn to Kim L. Worthington's idea of subjectivity as a sustained process of interpersonal narrativization in order to offer a more nuanced account of Rhoda's identity as compound and implicated in the dynamics of inter-subjective processes. I also consider Rhoda's much criticized rejection of identity vis-à-vis Woolf's strategy of impersonality, and, contrasting it with Maurice Merleau-Ponty's phenomenological concepts of the flesh and anonymous existence, I contend that Rhoda renounces the unitary selfhood, which corroborates Moi's critique of Woolf. Through a close analysis of Rhoda's position versus the other characters, as well as by examining how Rhoda's ego boundaries are delineated in the narrative, I demonstrate that Woolf's conflicted heroine emerges as an astute critic of gendered reality, since she is the one who most acutely feels the dualistic nature of selfhood and it is chiefly through her that Woolf points to the need to overcome this dualism. Shannon Sullivan's feminist revision of the Merleau-Pontian perspective on the anonymity and the body as well as the Deweyan notion of transactionality further helps to elucidate the ways in which Rhoda's experimental and subversive discourse engages in a polemic with the Cartesian conceptualization of identity presupposed on the dualism of mind and body simultaneously inquiring about a possibility of a non-dualistic and non-unitary conception of subjectivity. As a consequence, Rhoda gains authority and agency through uncertainty which prompts her to adopt an uncompromisingly and insistently questioning stance. Finally, I suggest reconsidering Rhoda's suicide as a metaphorical act of ‘distancing,’ as discussed by Zygmunt Bauman, via Adorno, in his 2006 Liquid Fear, another context for approaching Rhoda's uncertainty.

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Jason J. Graffagnino

and Yoder JH (eds). Scottdale, PA: Herald Press. Payne JB (1970) Erasmus. His Theology of the Sacraments . Peoria, IL: Bratcher ME. Rothkegel M (2007) Anabaptism in Moravia and Silesia. In Roth JD and Stayer JM (eds) A Companion to Anabaptism and Spiritualism, 1521-1700 . Brill’s Companions to the Christian Tradition. Volume 6. Leiden: Brill, pp. 163-215. Shantz DH (1992) Crautwald and Erasmus. A Study in Humanism and Radical Reform in Sixteenth Century Silesia Baden-Baden: Valentin Koerner. Snyder CA (1995) Anabaptist History and

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Wojciech Gizicki

References Alesina, A. - Giavazzi, F. 2006. The future of Europe: reform or decline., Cambridge: MIT Press. Barcz, J. 2010. Unia Europejska na rozstajach. Traktat z Lizbony dynamika i główne kierunki reformy ustrojowej. Warszawa: EuroPrawo. Fimister, A. 2008. Robert Schuman: neo scholastic humanism and the re-unification of Europe. Brussels, Oxford. Gierycz, M. 2010. Rola polskich posłów do parlamentu Europejskiego VI kadencji w kształtowaniu jego polityki w obszarze aksjologii praw człowieka

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Zbigniew A. Szydło

References [1] Marcet J. Conversations on Chemistry (5 th edition). London: Longman; 1817. [2] Russell CA. Michael Faraday, Physics and Faith. Oxford New York: Oxford University Press; 2000, 84. [3] Faraday M. Chemical Manipulation. London: John Murray; 1828. [4] Read J. Humour and Humanism in Chemistry. London: G. Bell Sons Ltd; 1947, 81. [5] Thomson T. The History of Chemistry vol.1. London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley; 1830. [6] Wacławek M, Wacławek W. Jędrzej Śniadecki - father of Polish Chemistry. Chem

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Thierry Côme, Petia Gueorguieva, Radovan Gura and Gilles Rouet

ans après. Volume 1, Évolutions et enjeux. Bruxelles: Bruylant. Imberti, A. (2015). L’autonomie des universités est-elle de nature à accroître leur performance ?. Regards croisés sur l’économie, 233–253. Ministry of Education of Slovakia (2004). Higher education in Slovakia. From Bologna towards the European Higher Education Area . Bratislava. Rouet, G. (2011). Instrumentalisations du Processus de Bologne. article paru en bulgare dans Critiques et Humanismes. Sofia. Rouet, G. (2012). L’enseignement supérieur en Bulgarie : réformes

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Gertrude Sachs, Terry Fisher and Joanna Cannon

-86. Bernard, H. W., & Huckins, W. C. (1974). Humanism in the classroom. An eclectic approach to teaching and learning. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon. Brisk, M. E. (Ed.). (2008). Language, culture, and community in teacher education. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum. Britzman, D. (2007). Teacher education as uneven development: Toward a psychology of uncertainty. International Journal Leadership in Education, 10 (1), 1-12. Cave, P. (2009). Humanism. Oxford, England: Oneworld

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J.R. Arenhart and D. Krause

(3) pp. 499-548. Muller, F.A. e Seevinck, M.P. 2009. Discerning Elementary Particles. A aparecer em Philosophy of Science . Saunders, S. 2006. Are quantum particles objects? In Analysis , 66.1, January, pp. 52-63. Schrödinger, E. 1952. Science and Humanism . Cambridge: Cambridge Un. Press.

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Aurelian-Petruș Plopeanu and Daniel Homocianu

-modern Europe, New York: Cambridge University Press. Eisenstein, E.L., 2005, The Printing Revolution in early modern Europe, 2nd edition, New York: Cambridge University Press. Ferguson, N., 2011, Civilization: The West and the Rest, Iaşi: Polirom. Gilmore, M., 1952, The World of Humanism 1453 - 1517 (The Rise of Modern Europe), New York: W. Langer. Houston, R., 1983, Literacy and Society in the West, 1500-1850, Social History, 8 (3), p. 269-293. Lucas, R., 2002, Lectures on Economic Growth