Chryssoula Staikou, Mattheos Stamelos and Eftyhios Stavroulakis
ELC. Clinical features of Wolff- Parkinson-White syndrome. Am Heart J 1999; 138: 403-413. doi: 10.1016/S0002-8703(99)70140-7
11. Gollob MH, Green MS, Tang AS, Gollob T, Karibe A, Ali Hassan AS, et al. Identification of a gene responsible for familial Wolff- Parkinson-White syndrome. N Engl J Med 2001; 344: 1823-1831. doi: 10.1056/NEJM200106143442403
12. Bengali R, Wellens HJ, Jiang Y. Perioperative management of the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2014; 28: 1375-1386. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2014
90% of the age-predicted maximum (i.e. 220 - age) and identification of a VO 2max plateau (< 150 ml/min increase despite a further velocity increase). In all tests two of the three criteria were met. MAS was defined as the lowest speed that elicited VO 2max and was used in the next three sessions, which were carried out 3 to 15 days later, as shown in Figure 1 .
Each session consisted of running to exhaustion on an equivalent treadmill with a 1% gradient. The running speed was set at 90% of the individual’s MAS (90% MAS
in their gut flora [ 4 ]. Feeding with breast-milk containing different milk microbiota and maternal antibodies is another way that may affect the development of their gut flora [ 4 ].
During growth, the composition of the gut microbiota are affected by individual’s lifestyle, diet, and medication use [ 4 ]. Westernized diet with high-saturated fatty acids and sucrose, and low fiber, promote epithelial inflammation and stimulate the pathogenic bacterial growth inside the gut [ 6 ]. Frequent use of the antibiotics further affects the healthy commensals growth and
aetselier , P., T immermans , M. (1998): Identification and cloning of a glucan- and lipopolysaccharide-binding protein from Eisenia foetida earthworm involved in the activation of prophenoloxidase cascade. J. Biol. Chem., 273(38): 24948 – 24954. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.273.38.24948
B hutta , Z.A., S ommerfeld , J., L assi , Z.S., S alam , R.A., D as , J.K. (2014): Global burden, distribution, and interventions for infectious diseases of poverty. Infect. Dis. Poverty, 3: 21. DOI: 10.1186/2049-9957-3-21
B oroskova , Z., R eiterova , K., D ubinsky , P., T
I. Christiana, R. Aparnaa, R. Rohit, D. Nageswara Rao and P. Kaliraj
strategies have facilitated the identification of several potential vaccine candidates offering varying degrees of protection against filarial infection in animal models ( Thirugnanam et al ., 2007 ; Anand et al ., 2008 ; Vanam et al ., 2009 ; Dakshinamoorthy et al ., 2013 ). Antioxidant enzymes thioredoxin (TRX), thioredoxin peroxidase (TPX), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX), most of which are present in all stages of the parasite and have been involved to protect the parasites from the host are reported
Carmen Ferragut, Helena Vila, Jose Arturo Abraldes and Carmen Manchado
investigate whether there were differences in anthropometric and fitness characteristics between top elite and elite players competing in the first Spanish handball league and the relationship with throwing velocity with and without opposition. Furthermore, thanks to the data reported in the present study in the international literature, talent identification and development could be enhanced.
Data were collected from 89 women’s team handball players, all competing in the first Spanish handball league; goalkeepers were excluded. These players
Amira Ben Moussa Zouita, Sghaier Zouita, Catherine Dziri, Matt Brughelli, David G. Behm and Anis Chaouachi
, thereby allowing comparisons to the body of normative data. Furthermore, identification of strength deficits with and without pathologies as well as the evaluation of preventive and rehabilitative interventions is of major concern. Extrapolating muscular variables from the torque and power– velocity relationship corresponds to individual muscle characteristics, and enables athletes to be assessed for safety. Determining these variables has practical applications in general and particularly during clinical rehabilitation and scientific research applications in sports
Maamer Slimani, Karim Chamari, Bianca Miarka, Fabricio B. Del Vecchio and Foued Chéour
positive phase) ( Bedoya et al., 2015 ; Makaruk et al., 2014 ; Michailidis et al., 2013 ). SSC tasks take advantage of the elastic properties of connective tissue and muscle fibers by allowing the muscle to accumulate elastic energy through the deceleration/negative phase and release it later during the acceleration/positive phase to enhance muscle’s force and power output ( Michailidis et al., 2013 ; Padulo et al., 2013 ). Therefore, this regime of SSC muscle contractions is a typical part of muscle activity in a number of specific team sport activities including
Güleser Saylam, Ömer Bayır, Salih Sinan Gültekin, Ferda Alparslan Pınarlı, Ünsal Han, Mehmet Hakan Korkmaz, Mehmet Eser Sancaktar, İlkan Tatar, Mustafa Fevzi Sargon and Emel Çadallı Tatar
Electron microscopy findings
TEM demonstrated cellular damage and fibrosis ( Figure 2C - D ). Intercellular edema and intracellular vacuolization showed cellular damage.
Figure 2 The figure (magnification × 5000) demonstrates the findings of electron microscopy at months 1 and 6. ( A and B ). Normal salivary gland samples of the control group. A and D . Intracellular vacuoles and intercellular edema related to radioiodine in Group 1. E and F . We observed intracellular vacuoles, intercellular edema, nucleus of fibroblast and collagen fibers (fibrosis) at 1
Javier Yanci, Asier Los Arcos, Daniel Castillo and Jesús Cámara
on the other hand, that peak fiber size does not plateau until the age of 16 years ( Eisenmann and Malina, 2003 ), we expected significant differences in jumping, sprinting and CODA in the participants between U14 and U16. Furthermore, taking into account that chronological age itself exerts a positive influence on short term power output ( Armstrong et al., 2001 ) and that the tests performed in this study are positively related to this characteristic, we cannot explain why the observed differences in younger ages were not maintained above 14 yr. Further studies