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Jiří Moravec, Petr Benda, Petr Dolejš, Jiří Hájek, Jaroslav Hlaváč, Jiří Mlíkovský and Radek Šanda

Abstract

The new zoological exposition of the National Museum will be installed in eight exhibition halls on the second floor of the Historical Building. The exposition has the preliminary title Evolution and thematically, it will follow several significant evolutionary events, which enabled animals to occupy Earth. The first two exhibition halls will be devoted to invertebrates and their ability to occupy all kinds of environments. The following two exhibition halls will introduce fish-like vertebrates, amphibians, and reptiles and they will focus on the most important evolutionary step of vertebrates – stepping out of the water and onto land. The next hall will be devoted to the origin of flight and birds’ conquering of the skies. The last two halls will be dedicated to mammals and their origins and conquering of land, water, and air. The visitor will become acquainted with contemporary organisms as the results of a long evolutionary process. The exhibitions will be based on authentic collection items to the maximum possible extent, though models and multimedia will also be used on several occasions. The exposition should also include the restoration of the popular Pokoutník Gallery.

Open access

Martin G Fuller

Abstract

This article describes one way that unknown and ‘emerging’ artists with limited exhibition history or reputation take steps towards developing their careers. Artists cannot apply directly for exhibition opportunities, therefore they develop social associations with gallerists that are described as being ‘kind-of-friendly-with’. Using a descriptive ethnographic narrative drawn from a case study of artists as they navigate an evening of commercial gallery openings in New York’s Chelsea district, it is argued that establishing a career in contemporary visual art depends on the ability to render one’s self visible to other participants in an art world. Rather than viewing the symbolic value of artworks as antagonistic with the economic art market, artists seek to establish social associations in which different forms of value are interrelated. In conclusion it is suggested that this is an art world in which the ‘economic world reversed’ is inversed.

Open access

Jakub Jiřiště

Abstract

This text describes the basic conceptual starting points and the results achieved by the student project NaFilM: National Film Museum, which aims to improve the unsatisfactory public presentation of the national film heritage and also make use of the untapped communication potential of film as amedium in an exhibition space. Several approaches, which were presented to the public in the opening Na film! exhibition, were used to show how film as a medium can be used in other ways than as an exhibit or fetishist object. Film can be a means of active learning and the creative development of critical thinking if social contexts are taken into consideration and informal interactive installations are utilized. The role of the NaFilM project within the context of current trends in film education is then an important question, which enables a more open approach to be taken to this type of education - extending beyond the cinema or classroom.

Open access

M. Kamenský and K. Kováč

Iterative Method and Dithering with Averaging used for Correction of ADC Error

Additive iterative method in combination with averaging of dithered samples is designed for self-correction of ADC linearity error in the paper. Iterative method is one of the automated error correction techniques. Dithering is a special tool for quantizer performance enhancement. Dither theory for Gaussian noise and averaging has been used for exhibition of method abilities in ADC characteristic improvement.

Open access

María Alejandra Pupio

Abstract

The practice of archaeology in Argentina involved the participation of provincial amateurs who played a relevant role in the search, collection and exhibition of findings until the mid-twentieth century. This paper analyses Emma Nozzi’s practices as a collector and provincial amateur scientist during the decades of the 1940s and 1950s, focusing especially on her gender and the less frequent participation of women in the social network of collectors in the province of Buenos Aires at that time.

Open access

Radek Bryol

Abstract

Historical wooden buildings can be seen not only in Japanese open-air museums and in the Japanese countryside, but also in the largest metropolises. On the individual Japanese islands we can find almost ten open-air museums, all of a different character. They include local, regional and national museums - thereby presenting several areas at the same time. Most of them are rural buildings that are primarily related to agricultural subsistence, while some of them also exhibit urban life. In addition to exhibitions of real life and thematic exhibitions, the museums also prepare such programmes as traditional festivities and handicraft courses. Numerous information boards in the museums that are visited, however, are already obsolete in terms of their technical workmanship and their graphics while at the same time they display a lot of information, which also makes the exhibitions chaotic. An interesting concept for using historic buildings is The Art House Project, where endangered buildings were offered to leading Japanese artists and architects for their up-to-date adjustment. A brief encounter with Japanese architecture at the same time confirms that the practical implementation of basic needs to ensure living is similar across the world.

Open access

Alison Jasper

Abstract

The theorist and philosopher Julia Kristeva is invited to curate an exhibition at the Louvre in Paris as part of a series-Parti Pris (Taking Sides)- and to turn this into a book, The Severed Head: Capital Visions. The organiser, Régis Michel, wants something partisan, that will challenge people to think, and Kristeva delivers in response a collection of severed heads neatly summarising her critique of the whole of western culture! Three figures dominate, providing a key to making sense of the exhibition: Freud, Bataille, and the maternal body. Using these figures, familiar from across the breadth of her work over the last half a century, she produces a witty analysis of western culture’s persistent privileging of disembodied masculine rationality; the head, ironically phallic, ironically and yet necessarily severed; the maternal body continually arousing a “jubilant anxiety” (Kristeva, Severed Head 34), expressed through violence. Points of critique are raised in relation to Kristeva’s normative tendencies-could we not tell a different story about women, for example? The cultural context of the exhibition is also addressed: who are the intended viewers/readers and whose interests are being served here? Ultimately, however, this is a celebration of Kristeva’s tribute to psychic survivors.

Open access

Jens H. Engan

Abstract

Czech Republic has a long tradition of hunting, and trophy hunting is important to manage game populations. In this study data was analysed from the five last trophy exhibitions in Czech Republic. Namely, hunter selection, compensatory selection, management selection, hunting pressure selection and depletion selection was tested in different landscape types. In compensatory hunting there is a difference between the landscape types; apparent differences exist between the landscape type with respect to hunting pressure. There was no hunter selection, or depletion selection, and no differences in management between landscape types. This study suggests that the landscape composition has an effect on selective hunting in Czech Republic.

Open access

Jakub Jirásek, Lenka Petrušková and Martin Sivek

Abstract

In the Ostrava part of the Upper Silesian Basin there are many geotouristic sites connected with the underground mining of Carboniferous bituminous coal. Text is focused on those related to the geology of the Basin and environmental issues connected to coal mining. Of great intrest are outcrops of Mississippian sediments of the paralic Ostrava Formation, as well as two most important museums with permanent geological exhibitions. Some interesting geological features conncted to younger periods of Quarternary glaciation are also mentioned. Two types of publicly accessible sites related to the environmental burdens (burning coal heaps, saline mine water drainage system) are also described.

Open access

Marta Vaculínová

Abstract

The aim of the paper is to show the situation of the National Museum Library (NML) in the period of 1939–1945 based on archival documents. Central changes made by the Nazis affected people as well as their work in the NML. It was not possible to continue as before – some employees had been arrested or executed by the Gestapo. Nevertheless, the number of the NML staff increased as a result of the transfer of officials from the closed Ministry of War and Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Two employees of German nationality joined the NML based on the new rules concerning the relations between Czechs and Germans in public services. The operation of the library came under the supervision of Professor Carl Wehmer, who planned a cataloguing reform, was in charge of the book collections and ensured their later evacuation. The plans for a new NML exhibition were cancelled and replaced by propagandistic exhibitions imported from Germany, such as Deutsche Größe. The Nazi ideologists planned to return the National Museum and its library to the original idea of the land museum. Also Emil Franzel, a former leading member of the German Social Democracy in Czechoslovakia, a later member of the Sudeten German Party and in 1940–1941 an official in the NML, followed the idea of a land museum in his book History of the National Museum Library (Prague 1942), the first monograph on the history of the NML.