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Rare case of Angiostrongylus vasorum intraocular infestation in an asymptomatic dog

Introduction Angiostrongylus vasorum (Nematoda, Metastrongyloidea), commonly known as French heartworm, is a life-threatening nematode for dogs. General findings suggest that A. vasorum is occurred in isolated endemic areas. Since the first finding in Southern France in 1853 ( Serres, 1854 ; Guilhon, 1963 ), the parasite was observed in Ireland (Roche & Kelliher, 1968), Switzerland (Wolff, 1969), Uganda ( Bwangamoi, 1972 ), England (Simpson & Neal, 1982), Italy ( Poli et al., 1984 ) and Denmark (Bolt et al, 1992). However, in recent years, autochthonous

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Prevalence of echinococcosis in humans, livestock and dogs in northern Italy

Abstract

The presence of Echinococcus sp. cysts was investigated in 822 sheep, 123 goats and 112,521 cattle from Lombardy region, North Italy. Faecal samples from 40 sheepdogs were also analyzed, with 9 samples containing taeniid eggs (22.5 %), 8 samples being coproantigen-positive (20 %), and one dog from a northern province (Lecco) positively confirmed by PCR. Cystic Echinococcosis (CE) was detected in 0.36 % of sheep and in 0.29 % of cattle in 2004. No goat resulted to be infected. Data from CE patients treated in Lombardy were collected by inspecting hospital discharge records. In 2004, 156 CE-related admissions (62 % male and 38 % female) were reported in Lombardy. Total hospital stay was 1,372 days (1,286 for inpatients, 86 for outpatients). Most patients (72.4 %) were residents in Lombardy and 1.9 % were from Piedmont; the remaining patients were from central and southern Italy. According to acquired data CE resulted hypoendemic in animals in Lombardy. Prevalence rates in humans were higher than expected in this region, usually considered as non-endemic. Assessment of the prevalence of CE in humans remains a difficult, costly, time-consuming and labourintensive task. The present study suggests establishing a National Registry of Cystic Echinococcosis with the aim to highlight regional risk factors and to benefit from its matching both clinical and epidemiological data.

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Identification of coronaviral antibodies and coronavirus - specific antibody complexes in ascites fluid of cats diagnosticated with feline infectious peritonitis

.H.L., Carstens, E.B., Estes, M.K., Lemon, S.M., Maniloff, J., Mayo, M.A., McGeoch, D.J., Pringle, C.R., Wickner, R.B. (Eds) - Virus Taxonomy , Classification and Nomenclature of Viruses, Academic 339 Press, New York, pp. 835-849. Erles K., C. Toomey, H. Brooks, J. Brownlie, 2003 - Detection of a group 2 coronavirus in 345 dogs with canine infectious respiratory disease. Virology 310, 216-223. Gorbalenya A. E., L. Enjuanes, J. Ziebuhr, E.J. Snijder, 2006 - Nidovirales: evolving the 354 largest RNA virus genome. Virus Res., 117, 17

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Synovial fluid MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels in internal or external fixation for intra-articular fractures / Poziom MMP-2 i MMP-9 w mazi stawowej przy wewnętrznym i zewnętrznym zespoleniu po złamaniach wewnątrzstawowych

References Alam M.R., Ji J.R., Kim M.S., Kim N.S. (2011). Biomarkers for identifying the early phases of osteoarthritis secondary to medial patellar luxation in dogs. J. Vet. Sci., 12: 273-280. Aragon C.L., Hofmeister E.H., Budberg S.C. (2007). Systematic review of clinical trials of treatment for osteoarthritis in dogs. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc., 230: 514-521. Buckwalter J.A., Brown T.D. (2004). Joint injury, repair, and remodeling: roles in post-traumatic osteoarthritis. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res., 423: 7

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Detection of Dirofilaria immitis in a brown bear (Ursus arctos) in Greece

ardner , S.L., F ranceschi , A., B andi , C. (2004): Mapping the presence of Wolbachia pipientis on the phylogeny of filarial nematodes: evidence for symbiont loss during evolution. Int. J. Parasitol ., 34(2): 191 – 203 Č obádiová , A., V ichova , B., M ajlathova , V., R eiterová , K. (2013): First molecular detection of Neospora caninum in European brown bear ( Ursus arctos ). Vet. Parasitol ., 197(1 – 2): 346 – 349 F ounta , A., T heodoridis , Y., F rydas , S., C hliounakis , S. (1999): The presence of filarial parasites of dogs in Serrae province

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Prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths in primary school playgrounds in Edo State, southern Nigeria

, whereby animals could freely move into and out of the school premises and defecate. Coprophagia of human faeces by dogs increases the possibility of transporting STH eggs into the playground as sticky-coated Ascaris egg might adhere to the dog’s coat for relatively longer period ( Nonaka et al., 2011 ; Traub et al., 2002 ). Aside being reservoir hosts, the role of dogs in the transmission cycle of Ascaris has been suggested ( Shalaby et al., 2010 ). However, it is difficult to differentiate S. steroralis larvae, hookworm eggs and larvae as well as T. vulpis

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Acute-Phase Response in Monitoring Postoperative Recovery in Bitches After Ovariohysterectomy

References Baumann H., Gauldie J. (1994). The acute phase response. Immunol. Today, 15: 74-80. Buttenschoen K., Buttenschoen D.C., Berger D., Vasilescu C., Schafheutle S., Goeltenboth B., Seidelmann M. (2001). Endotoxemia and acute-phase proteins in major abdominal surgery. Am. J. Surg., 181: 36-43. Casella S., Fazio F., Russo C., Giudice E., Piccione G. (2013). Acute phase proteins response in hunting dogs. J. Vet. Diagn. Invest., 25: 577-580. Cerón J.J., Eackersall P.D., Martinez - Subiela S

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Concurrent helminthosis engendered gastroenteritis in a leopard Panthera pardus

-Torres, F., Brianti, E., Deplazes, P., Genchi, C., Guberti, V., Capeli, G. (2015): The role of wild canids and felids in spreading parasites to dogs and cats in Europe Part I: Protozoa and tick-borne agents. Vet. Parasitol 213: 12–23. DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.04.022 26003669 10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.04.022 Otrantoa D. Cantacessi C. Pfeffer M. Dantas-Torres F. Brianti E. Deplazes P. Genchi C. Guberti V. Capeli G. 2015 The role of wild canids and felids in spreading parasites to dogs and cats in Europe Part I: Protozoa and tick

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Evaluation of a coproantigen enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the diagnosis of canine echinococcosis in Iran

[1] Allen, J. C., Craig, P. S., Garcia, N., Mencos, F., Liu, D., Wang, Y., Wen, Y., Zhou, P., Stringer, R., Rogan, M., Zeyhle, E. (1992): Coproantigen detection for immunodiagnosis of echinococcosis and taeniasis in dogs and humans. Parasitology, 104: 347–355 http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0031182000061801 [2] Christofi, G., Deplazes, N., Christofi, N., Tanner, I., Economides, P., Eckert, J. (2002): Screening of dogs for Echinococcus granulosus coproantigen in low endemic situation in Cyprus. Vet. Parasitol., 104: 299

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Studies on gastrointestinal helminth of three Lacertid Lizard species, Podarcis muralis, Podarcis siculus and Ophisops elegans (Sauria: Lacertidae) from Bursa, North-Western Turkey

small intestine of Microtus arvalis Pall. Věst. čsl. zool. Spol 18(3): 181 – 188 Chalupsky J. 1954 Plagiorchis blatnensis n. sp. (Plagiorchiidae, Trematoda) from the small intestine of Microtus arvalis Pall Věst. čsl. zool. Spol 18 3 181 188 Desrochers, F., Curtis, M.C. (1987): The occurrence of gastrointestinal helminths in dogs from Kuujjuaq (Fort Chimo), Quebec, Canada. C. J. Public Health 78: 403 – 406 Desrochers F. Curtis M.C. 1987 The occurrence of gastrointestinal helminths in dogs from Kuujjuaq (Fort Chimo), Quebec

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