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Andreea Dragomir, Emila Rusu, Mihaela Posea and Gabriela Radulian

cholesterol: the forgotten therapeutic target. Am J Cardiol 96(9A): K59-K64, 2005. 14. Harris WS, Mozaffarian D, Lefevre M et al. Towards establishing dietary reference intakes for eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids. J Nutr 139: S804-S819, 2009. 15. Von Schacky C, Harris WS. Cardiovascular benefits of omega-3 fatty acids. Cardiovasc Red 73: 310315, 2007. 16. Montori VM, Farmer A, Wollan PC, Dinneen SF. Fish oil supplementation in type 2 diabetes: a quantitative systematic review. Diabetes Care 23: 14071415, 2000. 17. Ryden L, Standl E, Bartnik M

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Vijaya Sarathi, Anish Kolly, Hulivana Boranna Chaithanya and Chinthamani Suryanarayana Dwarakanath

. 26. Jaiswal N, Melse-Boonstra A, Thomas T et al. High prevalence of maternal hypothyroidism despite adequate iodine status in Indian pregnant women in the first trimester Thyroid 24: 1419-1429, 2014. 27. Doerge DR, Sheehan DM. Goitrogenic and estrogenic activity of soy isoflavones. Environ Health Perspect 110 [Suppl 3]: 349-53, 2002. 28. Li J, Teng X, Wang W et al. Effects of dietary soy intake on maternal thyroid functions and serum anti-thyroperoxidase antibody level during early pregnancy. J Med Food 14: 543-50, 2011. 29. Ozawa N

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Nadja Plazar and Mihaela Jurdana

deficiency on DNA stability. J Nutr 2002; 132(8 Suppl): 2444S-9S. Kim YI, Shirwadkar S, Choi SW, Puchyr M, Wang Y, Mason JB. Effects of dietary folate on DNA strand breaks within mutation-prone exons of the p53 gene in rat colon. Gastroenterol 2000; 119: 151-61. Zhang S, Hunter DJ, Hankinson SE, Giovannucci EL, Rosner BA, Colditz GA, et al. A prospective study of folate intake and the risk of breast cancer. JAMA 1999; 281: 1632-7. Rohan TE, Jain MG, Howe GR, Miller AB. Dietary folate

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Rohit Sharma and Prajapati Pk

. van Dam RM, Willett WC, Rimm EB, Stampfer MJ, Hu FB. Dietary fat and meat intake in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes in men. Diabetes Care 25: 417-424, 2002 12. Marshall JA, Bessesen DH. Dietary fat and the development of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 25: 620-622, 2002. 13. Liu S, Choi HK, Ford E, Song Y, Klevak A, Buring JE. A prospective study of dairy intake and the risk of type 2 diabetes in women. Diabetes Care 29: 1579-84, 2006. 14. Talbot JM, Fisher KD. The need for special foods and sugar substitutes by

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Sunarti, Nurliyani, Agatha Swasti Ayuning Tyas, Scolastika Dita Kristian and Prasetyastuti

distinct mouse models of obesity and diabetes mellitus. Nutr Metab (Lond) 7: 57, 2010. 39. Fanti P, Asmis R, Stephenson TJ, Sawaya BP, Franke AA. Positive effect of dietary soybean in ESRD patients with systemic inflammation-correlation between blood levels of the soybean isoflavones and the acutephase reactants. Nephrol Dial Transplant 21: 2239- 2246, 2006. 40. Filiberto AC, Mumford SL, Pollack AZ et al. Habitual dietary isoflavone intake is associated with decreased C-reactive protein concentrations among healthy premenopausal women. J

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Ghania Tiboura, Boumediene Meghit Khaled, Mustapha Diaf, Sarah Semeria and Ghizlane Bouanani

, Carlsson M. Effect of Ramadan fasting on metabolic markers, body composition, and dietary intake in Emiratis of Ajman (UAE) with metabolic syndrome. Diabetes Metab Synd Obes 4: 409-416, 2011. 12. el-Ati, J, Beji C, Danguir J. Increased fat oxidation during Ramadan fasting in healthy women: an adaptive mechanism for body-weight maintenance. Am J Clin Nutr 62: 302-307, 1995. 13. Khaled BM, Bendahmane M, Belbraouet S. Ramadan fasting induces modifications of certain serum components in obese women with type 2 diabetes. Saudi Med J 27: 23

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Tiberius Mogoş, Carmen Dondoi, Claudia Chelan and Andra Evelin Iacobini

food sources, intakes, stability and bioavailability and their protective role in humans. Mol Nutr Food Res 53[Suppl 2]: S194-S218, 2009. 17. Yao LH, Jiang YM, Shi J et al . Flavonoids in food and their health benefits. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 59: 113-122, 2004. 18. Owen RW, Giacosa A, Hull WE, Haubner R, Spiegelhalder B, Bartsch H . The antioxidant/anticancer potential of phenolic compounds isolated from olive oil. Eur J Cancer 36: 1235-1247, 2000. 19. Roleira FM, Tavares-da-Silva EJ, Varela CL et al . Plant derived and dietary phenolic

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Massimo Vincenzi, Irene Del Ciondolo, Elisa Pasquini, Katia Gennai and Barbara Paolini

months of observation there weren’t any adverse effects and all the patients completed all the followups. At t0, the intake of nutrients and of FODMAPs was similar in the 2 groups. During the observational period, we obviously had a great change in the dietary habits of the participants. In group A, we had a great reduction of the intake of all kinds of FODMAPs, and a reduction in the carbohydrate and fiber intake as well; this result was less evident in group B. We didn’t have any relevant variations on fat and protein intake in the 2 groups ( Table 6 ). Table 6

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Cornelia Bala, Paraschiva Andreia Preda and Kovacs Tünde

preventing excessive weight gain in pregnancy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 6: CD007145, 2015. 8. Tieu J, Shepherd E, Middleton P, Crowther CA. Dietary advice interventions in pregnancy for preventing gestational diabetes mellitus. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2017;2017. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD006674.pub3. 9. Ha V, Bonner AJ, Jadoo JK, Beyene J, Anand SS, de Souza RJ. The effects of various diets on glycemic outcomes during pregnancy: A systematic review and network meta-analysis. PLoS One 2017. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0182095. 10. Roman G, Bala C

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Gulsah Kaner, Kubra Tel Adiguzel and Nilgun Seremet Kurklu

. Effect of obesity on the pharmacokinetics of drugs in humans. Clin Pharmacokinet 49: 71-87, 2010. 24. Zhou SS, Li D, Chen NN, Zhou Y. Vitamin paradox in obesity: Deficiency or excess? World J Diabetes 6: 1158-1167, 2015. 25. Bird JK, Ronnenberg AG, Choi SW, Du F, Mason JB, Liu Z. Obesity is associated with increased red blood cell folate despite lower dietary intakes and serum concentrations. J Nutr 145: 79-86, 2015. 26. Pfeiffer CM, Sternberg MR, Fazili Z et al. Folate status and concentrations of serum folate forms in the US population