Search Results

You are looking at 41 - 50 of 55 items for :

  • dietary intake x
  • Clinical Medicine, other x
Clear All
Open access

Stefka Valcheva-Kuzmanova, Miroslav Eftimov, Iren Beleheva, Roman Tashev and Stiliana Beleheva

; 104( Sup pi 3):S40-7. 4. Letenneur L,Proust-Lima C, Le GA.Dartigucs JF, Barberger-Gateau P. Flavonoid intake and oognitivc decline over a 10-year period. Am J Epidemiol. 2007; 165(12): 1364-71. 5. Shukin-Hale B, Lau FC, Joseph JA. Berry fruit supplementation and the aging brain. J Agric Food diem. 2008;56(3):636-41. 6. Spenoer JPE. Food for thought: the role of dietary flavonoids in enhancing human memory, learning and ncurooognitivc performance. Proc Nutr Soc. 2008;67:238-52. 7. Rendciro C, Vauzour D

Open access

Adawan Permpanich, Vithaya Kulsomboon and Kamol Udol

populations, baseline consumption of fish, doses and duration of n-3 PUFAs treatment [ 11 - 16 ]. Dose response and time course of n-3 PUFAs intake contribute to the physiologic effects which are most likely to account for CV risk reduction [ 17 ]. As such, a meta-analysis of studies using high concentration of n-3 PUFAs for at least 1-year, which would be long enough for n-3 PUFAs to demonstrate efficacy, would be a suitable evidence of the effectiveness of n-3 PUFAs in specific groups of patients. Due to the development of medications and technologies, people tend to

Open access

Sopon Pornkunwilai, Wichit Nosoongnoen, Chutima Jantarat, Suttipong Wachrasindhu and Vichit Supornsilchai

Bisphenol A (BPA), a xenoestrogenic monomer, is a common industrial chemical and is used to synthesize polycarbonate plastic polymers, which are applied to manufacture of various products such as compact discs, automobile parts, plastic water and baby bottles, plastic dinnerware, eyeglass lenses, toys, and thermal paper, and epoxy resin linings in cans for food products [ 1 ]. Over 3 thousand million kilograms of BPA are produced each year. Recent studies have shown that dietary ingestion is a major route (99%) of human exposure to BPA contamination, especially

Open access

Wilma Delphine C. R. Silvia and Bharat P. V. Kumar

by glucose or insulin: a double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover clamp study. Diabetes. 2003; 52:16-20. 29. Lee HM, Wang G, Englander EW, Kojima M, Greeley Jr GH. Ghrelin, a new gastrointestinal endocrine peptide that stimulates insulin secretion: enteric distribution, ontogeny, influence of endocrine, and dietary manipulations. Endocrinology. 2002; 143: 185-90. 30. Dixit VD, Schaffer EM, Pyle RS, Collins GD, Sakthivel SK, Palaniappan R, et al. Ghrelin inhibits leptin- and activation induced proinflammatory cytokine expression by

Open access

Nongluk Phetkrajaysang, Nakarin Sansanayudh, Supakit Wongwiwatthananukit and Sarinee Krittiyanunt

vitamin D for bone health and prevention of autoimmune diseases, cancers, and cardiovascular disease. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004; 80: 1678s-88s. 6. Mathieu C, Gysemans C, Giulietti A, Bouillon R. Vitamin D and diabetes. Diabetologia. 2005; 48: 1247-57. 7. Pittas AG, Dawson-Hughes B, Li T, Van Dam RM, Willett WC, Manson JE, et al. Vitamin D and calcium intake in relation to type 2 diabetes in women. Diabetes care. 2006; 29:650-6. 8. Grandi NC, Breitling LP, Brenner H. Vitamin D and cardiovascular disease: systematic review and

Open access

Khunton Wichajarn, Somporn Liammongkolkul, Nithiwat Vatanavicharn and Duangrurdee Wattanasirichaigoon

fasting, high protein intake, injury or surgery can also provoke a catabolic crisis. Each catabolic crisis results in a worsening of psychomotor development; therefore, close monitoring of growth, nutritional and metabolic status is highly recommended to prevent decompensated catabolic crisis and psychomotor deterioration. Close monitoring of plasma amino acids is very necessary in long-term dietary management because the patients have higher risk of essential amino acid deficiency. In this study, one patient with MMA was deficient in several amino acids after excessive

Open access

Pakawadee Sermsappasuk, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk, Manupat Lohitnavy and Chagriya Kitiyakara

-3. 53. Paine MF, Oberlies NH. Clinical relevance of the small intestine as an organ of drug elimination: drug-fruit juice interactions. Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol. 2007; 3:67-80. 54. Rodriguez-Proteau R, Mata JE, Miranda CL, Fan Y, Brown JJ, Buhler DR. Plant polyphenols and multidrug resistance: effects of dietary flavonoids on drug transporters in Caco-2 and MDCKII-MDR1 cell transport models. Xenobiotica. 2006; 36:41-58. 55. Fang SH, Hou YC, Hsiu SL, Chao PDL. Effects of Citrus grandis peels on cyclosporin concentration and immune

Open access

Piyawan Kittiskulnam, Paweena Susantitaphonga, Natavudh Townamchai, Khajohn Tiranathanagul, Talerngsak Kanjanabuch, Yingyos Avihingsanon, Kearkiat Praditpornsilpa and Somchai Eiam-Ong

skin changes compared with younger people despite a similar time of exposure to ultraviolet light [ 28 ], Furthermore, one study found that total sun exposure time and dietary vitamin D intake had no significant association with serum [25(OH)D] in patients receiving PD [ 10 ]. Another explanation for the low [25(OH)D] in patients receiving PD is that PD causes continuous loss of vitamin D and vitamin D binding protein together with albumin through the peritoneal effluent [ 29 , 30 ]. Pediatric patients receiving continuous cycling PD had a lower mean serum [25(OH

Open access

Chi Kit Au, Tin Lok Lai and Cheuk Wan Yim

conflicting [ 1 , 39 ]. Mediterranean diet, characterized by high amounts of fruit, vegetables, whole grains, fish and olive oil, less red meat, and moderate alcohol intake, was previously thought to have a beneficial effect in reducing disease activity in RA [ 1 , 40 ]. But a recent prospective analysis did not show a n y positive result on it [ 39 ]. Fish oil contains a long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, is believed to lower the inflammation in RA, but not yet proven [ 1 ]. To date, there is still no data about the association between a specific dietary pattern

Open access

Mohammad Reza Baghshini, Irandokht Nikbakht-Jam, Hossein Mohaddes-Ardabili, Alireza Pasdar, Amir Avan, Maryam Tayefi, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Mohammad Sobhan Sheikh-Andalibi, Gordon A. Ferns and Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan

including dietary intake, physical activity, sleep pattern, and their hobbies [ 4 ]. An inappropriate lifestyle is one of the most important risk factors for MetS and CVD [ 5 , 6 ]. Air pollution is another risk factor that can increase the risk of metabolic disorders. Recent epidemiological and experimental studies have reported an association between increased level of air pollution with insulin resistance, weight gain, and obesity [ 7 , 8 , 9 ]. Air pollution is higher in some industrial work environments, including those of the gas and petrochemical industries