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Vitamin D abnormalities in Thai patients with spinal cord injuries

, thyroid hormone, or vitamin D. Eligible patients provided written informed consent before participating. The anonymity of the data received was assured. All patients who met the study criteria were interviewed and checked for vitamin D levels. One of the authors (TK) interviewed all patients regarding baseline characteristics including SCI data, history of dietary intake, history of sunlight exposure, and history of sunscreen use. Sources and frequency of vitamin D and calcium dietary consumption were evaluated for the previous six months. These were classified as

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Physical Activity and Gastrointestinal Cancer Risk: A Review

and lifestyle risk factors of gastric cancer. Arch Irani Med. 2013;16(6):358-65. 14. Brenner DR, Wozniak MB, Feyt C et al. Physical activity and risk of pancreatic cancer in a central European multicenter case-control study. CCC. 2014;25(6):669-81. 15. Bailie L, Loughrey MB, Coleman HG. Lifestyle Risk Factors for Serrated Colorectal Polyps: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Gastroenterology. 2017;152(1):92-104. 16. Mahfouz EM, Sadek RR, Abdel-Latief WM et al. The role of dietary and lifestyle factors in the development of colorectal cancer

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Effect of Aronia Melanocarpa Fruit Juice on Fearning and Memory in the Two-Way Active Avoidance Task in Rats

; 104( Sup pi 3):S40-7. 4. Letenneur L,Proust-Lima C, Le GA.Dartigucs JF, Barberger-Gateau P. Flavonoid intake and oognitivc decline over a 10-year period. Am J Epidemiol. 2007; 165(12): 1364-71. 5. Shukin-Hale B, Lau FC, Joseph JA. Berry fruit supplementation and the aging brain. J Agric Food diem. 2008;56(3):636-41. 6. Spenoer JPE. Food for thought: the role of dietary flavonoids in enhancing human memory, learning and ncurooognitivc performance. Proc Nutr Soc. 2008;67:238-52. 7. Rendciro C, Vauzour D

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Cost-effectiveness analysis of highly concentrated n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in secondary prevention after myocardial infarction

populations, baseline consumption of fish, doses and duration of n-3 PUFAs treatment [ 11 - 16 ]. Dose response and time course of n-3 PUFAs intake contribute to the physiologic effects which are most likely to account for CV risk reduction [ 17 ]. As such, a meta-analysis of studies using high concentration of n-3 PUFAs for at least 1-year, which would be long enough for n-3 PUFAs to demonstrate efficacy, would be a suitable evidence of the effectiveness of n-3 PUFAs in specific groups of patients. Due to the development of medications and technologies, people tend to

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Urinary bisphenol A detection is significantly associated with young and obese Thai children

Bisphenol A (BPA), a xenoestrogenic monomer, is a common industrial chemical and is used to synthesize polycarbonate plastic polymers, which are applied to manufacture of various products such as compact discs, automobile parts, plastic water and baby bottles, plastic dinnerware, eyeglass lenses, toys, and thermal paper, and epoxy resin linings in cans for food products [ 1 ]. Over 3 thousand million kilograms of BPA are produced each year. Recent studies have shown that dietary ingestion is a major route (99%) of human exposure to BPA contamination, especially

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Saga of ghrelin: its structure, actions, and therapeutic uses

by glucose or insulin: a double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover clamp study. Diabetes. 2003; 52:16-20. 29. Lee HM, Wang G, Englander EW, Kojima M, Greeley Jr GH. Ghrelin, a new gastrointestinal endocrine peptide that stimulates insulin secretion: enteric distribution, ontogeny, influence of endocrine, and dietary manipulations. Endocrinology. 2002; 143: 185-90. 30. Dixit VD, Schaffer EM, Pyle RS, Collins GD, Sakthivel SK, Palaniappan R, et al. Ghrelin inhibits leptin- and activation induced proinflammatory cytokine expression by

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Original article. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and association of serum vitamin D level with anthropometric and metabolic factors in metabolic syndrome patients

vitamin D for bone health and prevention of autoimmune diseases, cancers, and cardiovascular disease. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004; 80: 1678s-88s. 6. Mathieu C, Gysemans C, Giulietti A, Bouillon R. Vitamin D and diabetes. Diabetologia. 2005; 48: 1247-57. 7. Pittas AG, Dawson-Hughes B, Li T, Van Dam RM, Willett WC, Manson JE, et al. Vitamin D and calcium intake in relation to type 2 diabetes in women. Diabetes care. 2006; 29:650-6. 8. Grandi NC, Breitling LP, Brenner H. Vitamin D and cardiovascular disease: systematic review and

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Clinical and laboratory findings and outcomes of classic organic acidurias in children from north-eastern Thailand: a 5-year retrospective study

fasting, high protein intake, injury or surgery can also provoke a catabolic crisis. Each catabolic crisis results in a worsening of psychomotor development; therefore, close monitoring of growth, nutritional and metabolic status is highly recommended to prevent decompensated catabolic crisis and psychomotor deterioration. Close monitoring of plasma amino acids is very necessary in long-term dietary management because the patients have higher risk of essential amino acid deficiency. In this study, one patient with MMA was deficient in several amino acids after excessive

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Review article. Assessing clinical evidence of drug interactions between citrus juices and cyclosporine

-3. 53. Paine MF, Oberlies NH. Clinical relevance of the small intestine as an organ of drug elimination: drug-fruit juice interactions. Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol. 2007; 3:67-80. 54. Rodriguez-Proteau R, Mata JE, Miranda CL, Fan Y, Brown JJ, Buhler DR. Plant polyphenols and multidrug resistance: effects of dietary flavonoids on drug transporters in Caco-2 and MDCKII-MDR1 cell transport models. Xenobiotica. 2006; 36:41-58. 55. Fang SH, Hou YC, Hsiu SL, Chao PDL. Effects of Citrus grandis peels on cyclosporin concentration and immune

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Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Thai patients receiving various modalities of renal replacement therapy

skin changes compared with younger people despite a similar time of exposure to ultraviolet light [ 28 ], Furthermore, one study found that total sun exposure time and dietary vitamin D intake had no significant association with serum [25(OH)D] in patients receiving PD [ 10 ]. Another explanation for the low [25(OH)D] in patients receiving PD is that PD causes continuous loss of vitamin D and vitamin D binding protein together with albumin through the peritoneal effluent [ 29 , 30 ]. Pediatric patients receiving continuous cycling PD had a lower mean serum [25(OH

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