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Carlos M.N. Velosa and Kouamana Bousson

REFERENCES 1. Alstrom, B., Marzocca, P., Bollt, E., Ahmadi, G. (2010), Controlling Chaotic Motions of a Nonlinear Aeroelastic System Using Adaptive Control Augmented with Time Delay, AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference , 1–14, Toronto, Ontario Canada. 2. Bernhard, P. (2002), Survey of Linear Quadratic Robust Control, Macroeconomic Dynamics , 6 , 19–39. 3. Bousson, K., Velosa, C.M.N. (2014), Robust Control and Synchronization of Chaotic Systems with Actuator Constraints, P. Vasant (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Artificial

Open access

M. Onemli

Access Pricing Under Imperfect Competition

The study investigates optimal access charges when the downstream markets are imperfectly competitive. Optimal access charges have been examined in the literature mainly under the condition where only the incumbent has market power. However, network industries tend to exhibit an oligopolistic market structure. Therefore, the optimal access charge under imperfect competition is an important consideration when regulators determine access charges. This essay investigates some general principles for setting optimal access charges when downstream markets are imperfectly competitive. One of the primary objectives of this essay is to show the importance of the break-even constraint when first-best access charges are not feasible. Specifically, we show that when the first-best access charges are not feasible, the imposition of the break-even constraint on only the upstream profit of the incumbent is superior to the case where break-even constraint applies to overall incumbent profit, where the latter is the most commonly used constraint in the access pricing literature. Bypass and its implications for optimal access charges and welfare are also explored.

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Anna Filasová and Dušan Krokavec

-548. Filasov´a, A. and Krokavec, D. (2010). Observer state feedback control of discrete-time systems with state equality constraints, Archives of Control Sciences 20 (3): 253-266. Filasov´a, A. and Krokavec, D. (2011). Constrained H ∞ control of discrete-time systems. Proceedings of the 15th WSEAS International Conference on Systems, 2011, Corfu, Greece , pp. 153-158. Gahinet, P., Nemirovski, A., Laub, A.J. and Chilali, M. (1995). LMI Control Toolbox User’s Guide , The MathWorks, Natick, MA. Gajic, Z. and Qureshi, M

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Gerardo Acerenza

Abstract

The aim of this study is to understand the strategies applied by the translator Piero Falchetta to translate into Italian the many expressions (dé)figées by Georges Perec into La Disparition. To satisfy the lipogram constraint on “E” chosen for the writing of La Disparition, Georges Perec has reinvented a large number of fixed expressions. For exemple, the french expression “être/se mettre sur son trente-et-un” was transformed by Perec into “mis sur son vingt-huit plus trois” (1989, 130). To respect the lipogram constraint, Perec proposes a rewriting of the expression which still allows French readers to recognize it and appreciate its originality. How did the translator Piero Falchetta translate these reinvented expressions into Italian? Has he put in place specific strategies to translate the sequences reinvented by Georges Perec into La Disparition?

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Gbenga J. Oladehinde, Lasun M. Olayiwola and Kehinde O. Popoola

Environmental Studies and Management , 8(2): 182–195. Odudu O.C., Omirin M.M. 2012. Evaluating the constraints affecting land access among urban crop farmers in metropolitan Lagos. Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economics, 2(2): 130–146. Odum C.O., Ibem E.O. 2011. Securing urban land for housing among low-income earners in sub-Sahara Africa: Case study of workers' cooperative society, Enugu, Nigeria. Human Geographies . Journal of Studies & Research in Human Geography, 5.1, 61–75. Ogun State, Central Department of Statistics, 2008

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Grégoire Allaire, Charles Dapogny, Rafael Estevez, Alexis Faure and Georgios Michailidis

. A different idea is to impose since the design optimization investigations that the shape should be self-supporting - that is, free of overhangs. In this direction, ad hoc criteria, based on a minimum angle between the structural boundary and the horizontal directions, have been used hitherto in order to tackle this issue [ 11 , 13 , 14 , 119 ]. In the recent journal articles [ 2 , 3 ], we have introduced new formulations to deal with overhang constraints in shape and topology optimization algorithms. The purpose of the present note is to give an

Open access

Timothy J. Haase

References 1. Almeida, Heitor, and Murillo Campello (2006). “Financing Constraints, Asset Tangibility, and Corporate Investment.” National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper 12087 2. Almeida, H., Campello, M., & Weisbach, M. S. (2004). The cash flow sensitivity of cash. The Journal of Finance , 59 (4), 1777-1804. 3. Alti, A. (2003). How sensitive is investment to cash flow when financing is frictionless?. The Journal of Finance , 58 (2), 707-722. 4. Bernanke, B. S., & Blinder, A. S. (1992). The federal funds rate and the

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Witold Byrski and Jęedrzej Byrski

. P. (1987). Identification of Continuous Systems , North-Holland, Amsterdam. Yeredor, A. (2006). On the role of constraints in system identification, 4th International Workshop on Total Least Squares and Errors-invariables Modelling, Leuven, Belgium , (see also http://diag.mchtr.pw.edu.pl/damadics). http://diag.mchtr.pw.edu.pl/damadics Young, P. (1981). Parameter estimation for continuous-time models—A survey, Automatica   17 (1): 23-39.

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Md Abu Shahid Abdullah

Abstract

The article will show that in Nights at the Circus, Carter’s use of the themes of food consumption and excrement operate as both a grotesque means of emancipation from a feminine point-of-view, and a carnivalesque challenge to subversive patriarchal norms and deconstruction of arbitrary patriarchal hierarchies. By turning the simple act of eating into boisterous spectacle, and by handling a bottle of champagne and water hose in a disturbingly masculine manner, Fevvers transgresses the boundary between masculinity and femininity, sheds the patriarchal constraints imposed upon femininity, and thus achieves agency and emancipation. Since she is not able to acquire biological signifier of masculinity, she achieves the transgression of the binary entirely through the performative carnivalesque. The article will also discuss that the overflowing nature of grotesque femininity (both physical and behavioral) enables the female characters to speak and act at their own will, and thus performs as a means of critiquing Victorian patriarchal cultural norms.

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Ntwanano Alliance Kubayi

-129. Babbie, E. R. (1990). Survey Research Methods. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Couper, M. P. (2000). Web surveys: A review of issues and approaches. Public Opinion Quarterly, 64, 464–494. Crawford, D., & Godbey, G. (1987). Reconceptualising barriers to family leisure. Leisure Sciences , 9, 119-127. Crawford, D., Jackson, E. & Godbey, G. (1991). A hierarchical model of leisure constraints. Leisure Sciences , 13, 309-320. Ewing, M.E. & Seefeldt, V. (1989). Participation and Attrition Patterns in American Agency-Sponsored and Interscholastic Sports