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High Prevalence of Zinc Deficiency in Rural Nigerian Preschool Children: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study

, Saidu Y, Aliyu RU. Serum vitamin A and zinc levels of some preschool children in Sokoto metropolis of Nigeria. Biokemistri 14: 82-87, 2003. 19. Fischer Walker CL, Ezzati M, Black RE. Global and regional child mortality and burden of disease attributable to zinc deficiency. Eur J Clin Nutr 63: 591-597, 2009. 20. Ploysangam A, Falciglia G, Brehm B. Effect of marginal zinc deficiency on human growth and development. J Trop Pediatr 43: 192-198, 1997. 21. Gibson RS. Zinc: the missing link in combating micronutrients malnutrition in developing

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Evaluation of Association Between Q192R and L55M Genetic Polymorphisms of PON1 and Serum Paraoxonase-1 Activity in Healthy Individuals, a Meta-Analysis

References 1. Mackness M, Mackness B. Human paraoxonase- 1 (PON1): Gene structure and expression, promiscuous activities and multiple physiological roles. Gene 67: 12-21, 2015. 2. La Du BN. The human serum paraoxonase/arylesterase polymorphism. Am J Hum Genet 43: 227-2279, 1988. 3. Shih DM, Gu L, Xia YR et al. Mice lacking serum paraoxonase are susceptible to organophosphate toxicity and atherosclerosis. Nature 394: 284-287, 1998. 4. Wei LK, Au A, Menon S et al. Polymorphisms of MTHFR, eNOS, ACE

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Haemoglobin A1c and Iron Deficiency Anaemia our Understanding Through the Decades

and risk of complications in patients with type 2 diabetes (UKPDS 33). Lancet 352(9131): 837-853, 1998. 4. The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial Research Group. The effect of intensive treatment of diabetes on the development and progression of long-term complications in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. N Eng J Med 329: 977-986, 1993. 5. American Assocation of Diabetes. Standards of medical care in diabetes. Diabetes Care, 30: S4-S41, 2007. 6. Jeffcoate SL. Diabetes control and complications: the role of

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Modern Approach in Premature Ovarian Failure

, Valetto A. An idic(15) associated with POF (premature ovarian failure): molecular cytogenetic definition of a case and review of the literature. Gene 503: 123-125, 2012. 6. He C, Kraft P, Chen C et al. Genome-wide association studies identify loci associated with age at menarche and age of natural menopause. Nat Genet 41: 724-728, 2009. 7. Nelson LM. Primary ovarian insufficiency. N Engl J Med 360: 606-614, 2009. 8. Bodega B, Porta C, Crosignani PF, Ginelli E, Marozzi A. Mutations in coding region of FOXL2 gene are not a major cause of idiopathic

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One Year Follow-up Results after Sleeve Gastrectomy in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients with Morbid Obesity

R eferences 1. Calle EE, Thun MJ, Petrelli JM, Rodriguez C, Heath CW Jr. Body-mass index and mortality in a prospective cohort of U.S. adults. N Engl J Med 15: 1097–1105, 1999. 2. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. The practical guide: identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults. Bethesda, MD, USA: National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, 2000. Accessed at: 3. Gloy VL, Briel M, Bhatt DL et al. Bariatric surgery versus non-surgical treatment

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Insulin Resistance Markers in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

SL. Insulin resistance, the metabolic syndrome, and complication risk in type 1 diabetes: “double diabetes” in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial. Diabetes Care 30: 707-712, 2007. 22. Orchard TJ, Chang YF, Ferrell RE, Petro N, Ellis DE. Nephropathy in type 1 diabetes: a manifestation of insulin resistance and multiple genetic susceptibilities? Further evidence from the Pittsburgh Epidemiology of Diabetes Complication Study. Kidney Int 62: 963-970, 2002. 23. Teupe B, Bergis K. Epidemiological evidence for “double diabetes

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Neonatal Diabetes – From Gene Discovery yo Clinical Practice Changes

. 19. Inagaki N, Gonoi T, Clement JP et al. Reconstitution of IKATP: an inward rectifier subunit plus the sulfonylurea receptor. Science 270: 1166-1170, 1995. 20. Shimomura K. The K(ATP) channel and neonatal diabetes. Endocr J 56: 165-175, 2009. 21. Ashcroft FM, Rorsman P. Electrophysiology of the pancreatic beta-cell. Prog Biophys Mol Biol 54: 87-143, 1989. 22. Ashcroft FM. ATP-sensitive potassium channelopathies: focus on insulin secretion. J Clin Invest 115: 2047-2058, 2005. 23. Thomas PM

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New Therapeutic Approaches to Prevent or Delay Beta-Cell Failure in Diabetes

implications - a review. Nutr J 13: 17, 2014. 43. Nissen SE, Wolski K. Effect of rosiglitazone on the risk of myocardial infarction and death from cardiovascular causes. N Engl J Med 356: 2457-2471, 2007. 44. Koffarnus RL, Wargo KA, Phillippe HM. Rivoglitazone: a new thiazolidinedione for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Ann Pharmacother 47: 877-885, 2013. 45. Gowda N, Dandu A, Singh J et al. Treatment with CNX-011-67, a novel GPR40 agonist, delays onset and progression of diabetes and improves beta cell preservation

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Efficiency of Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument and Nerve Conduction Studies for Diagnosis of Diabetic Distal Symmetric Polyneuropathy

progressive late complication in diabetic distal symmetric polyneuropathy. Diabetes 55: 806–812, 2006. 9. Dyck PJ, Kratz KM, Karnes JL et al. The prevalence by staged severity of various types of diabetic neuropathy, retinopathy, and nephropathy in a population-based cohort: the Rochester Diabetic Neuropathy Study. Neurology 43: 817–824, 1993. 10. Spallone V, Ziegler D, Freeman R et al. Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in diabetes: clinical impact, assessment, diagnosis, and management. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 27: 639–653, 2011. 11. Perkins BA

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Elevated 1 Hour Glucose During Oral Glucose Tolerance Test- A New Parameter of Impaired Metabolism

R eferences 1. Menke A, Casagrande S, Geiss L et al . Prevalence of and trends in diabetes among adults in the United States, 1988-2012. JAMA 314: 1021–1029, 2015 2. American Diabetes Association . Standards of medical care in diabetes: Prevention or delay of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 39 [Suppl.1]: S36-S38, 2016 3. Abdul-Ghani MA, Abdul-Ghani T, Ali N et al. One-hour plasma glucose concentration and the metabolic syndrome identify subjects at high risk for future type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 31: 1650–1655, 2008. 4. Abdul

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