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declare that no conflicts of interest exist.
Funding : This publication arises from the Joint Action ‘724099 / ADVANTAGE’, which has received funding from the EuropeanUnion’s Health Programme (2014–2020). The content of this report represents the views of the author only and is his/her sole responsibility; it cannot be considered to reflect the views of the European Commission and/or the Consumers, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive Agency or any other body of the EuropeanUnion. The European Commission and the Agency do not accept any responsibility for
Mina Brajović, Mark Bellis, Andreja Kukec, Nataša Terzić, Adriana Baban, Dinesh Sethi and Lijana Zaletel-Kragelj
Ethical approval : The study protocol was approved by the Ethical Committees of the respective countries ( 18 , 19 ).
1 Rehm J. The risks associated with alcohol use and alcoholism. Alcohol Res Health. 2011;34:135-43.
Rehm J The risks associated with alcohol use and alcoholism Alcohol Res Health 2011 34 135 43
2 Anderson P, Moller L, Galea G, editors. Alcohol in the EuropeanUnion: consumption, harm and policy approaches. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2012.
Anderson P Moller L Galea G
Andrijana Milošević Georgiev, Jelena Kotur-Stevuljević and Dušanka Krajnović
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) data from 2008, 5.4 million deaths each year were attributed to tobacco ( 1 ). This number had risen to over 7 million annually by 2015 ( 2 ). WHO estimates that tobacco kills up to half of its users globally ( 3 ), and the same death rate is reported in 2014 by the European Commission for the EuropeanUnion (EU) countries, where 50% of smokers die prematurely (14 years earlier on average) ( 4 ).
Average smoking rates are declining globally (WHO: 24% in 2007 – 21% in 2015) ( 2 ), but the number
Nena Kopčavar Guček, Davorina Petek, Igor Švab and Polona selič
Bernstein D Adult health status of women HMO members with histories of childhood abuse and neglect Am J Med 1999 107 332 9
71. EuropeanUnion Agency for Fundamental Rights. Violence against women: an EU wide survey, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the EuropeanUnion, 2014. Available April 20, 2014 from: http:// fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra-2014-vaw-survey-at-a-glanceapr14_ en.pdf.
EuropeanUnion Agency for Fundamental Rights. Violence against women: an EU wide survey, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the EuropeanUnion, 2014 Available April 20, 2014 from
present the results of a narrative literature review and data analysis focusing on physical activity in the context of managing frailty at an individual level. For the purposes of this research, a literature review method was used. The method proved to be appropriate and the aim was achieved.
Conflict of interest
Conflicts of interest
This publication arises from the Joint Action ‘724099 / ADVANTAGE’, which has received funding from the EuropeanUnion’s Health Programme (2014–2020). The content of this report represents the views of
Brigita Skela-Savič, Rhoda Macrae, Manuel Lillo-Crespo and Kevin D Rooney
The research was financed by the EuropeanUnion funded ERASMUS Lifelong Learning Project, ISTEW: Improvement Science Training for European Healthcare Workers (Project No. 539194-LLP-1-2013-1-UK-ERASMUS-EQR)
This article was written on behalf of the Improvement Science Training for European Healthcare Workers (ISTEW) project team. We would like to acknowledge the contributions of Professor Julita Sansoni, Dr Elisabetta Corvo, Dr Alan Taylor, Dr Katrina Ritters, Magdalena Glowacka, Dr Traian Mihaescu, Dr Radu Crisan, Dr Maria Josefa Cabanero
in certain sectors (e. g., construction) that cannot be satisfied by Slovenian labour market. Second, Slovenia’s admission to the EuropeanUnion (EU) has encouraged migration of EU citizens and family reunification (secondary migration of family members to Slovenia) (16) .
On January 1st, 2014 there were 96,608 immigrants registered in Slovenia which, according to the data provided by the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, comprised 4.7% of all Slovenian residents. In this share, men predominate (67.2%). However, the proportion of female immigrants