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The Smoking Mind: A Psycho-Cognitive Perspective

Addiction; Prim. Care Clin. Off. Pract. 26 (1999) 611–631. DOI: 10-1016/S0095-4543(05)70120-2 64. Otten, W. and J. Van Der Pligt: Context Effects in the Measurement of Comparative Optimism in Probability Judgments; J. Soc. Clin. Psychol. 15 (1996) 80–101. 65. Tversky, A. and D. Kahneman: Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases; Science 185 (1974) 1124–1131. 66. Bethea, J., B. Murtagh, and S.E. Wallace: “I don’t mind damaging my own body” A Qualitative Study of the Factors that Motivate Smokers to Quit; BMC Pub Health 15 (2015) 1–9. DOI: 10

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Comparison of Mainstream Smoke Composition from CR20 Resin Filter and Empty-Cavity Filter Cigarettes by Headspace SPME Coupled with GC×GC TOFMS and Chemometric Analysis

. 38 (2000) 137–144. DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/38.4.137. 34. Lin, H., Q. Ye, C. Deng, and X. Zhang: Field Analysis of Acetaldehyde in Mainstream Tobacco Smoke Using Solid-Phase Microextraction and a Portable Gas Chromatograph; J. Chromatogr. A 1198–1199 (2008) 34–37. DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2008.05.050 35. Watson, C.H., J.S. Trommel, and D.L. Ashley: Solid- Phase Microextraction-Based Approach to Determine Free-Base Nicotine in Trapped Mainstream Cigarette Smoke Total Particulate Matter; J. Agric. Food Chem. 52 (2004) 7240–7245. DOI: 10.1021/jf049455o 36

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A Simultaneous Analytical Method to Profile Non-Volatile Components with Low Polarity Elucidating Differences Between Tobacco Leaves Using Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry Detection

. Leffingwell, J.C.: Basic Chemical Constituents of Tobacco Leaf and Differences among Tobacco Types; in: Tobacco: Production, Chemistry and Technology; edited by D. Davis and M.T. Nielsen, Blackwell Science, Oxford, United Kingdom, 1999, pp. 265-284; ISBN-13: 978-0632047918. 5. Stedman, R.L.: The Chemical Composition of Tobacco and Tobacco Smoke; Chem. Rev. 68 (1968) 153-207; DOI: 10.1021/cr60252a002. 6. Schmeltz, I. and D. Hoffmann: Nitrogen-Containing Compounds in Tobacco and Tobacco Smoke; Chem. Rev. 77 (1977) 295-311; DOI: 10.1021/cr60307a

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Effect and Mechanism of High-Pressure Processing: A Case Study of Flue-Cured Tobacco

. Int. 85 (2016) 95–103. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodres.2016.04.018 20. Santos, M.D., J.A. Saraiva, M. Teresa, and S.R. Gomes: Pasting of Maize and Rice Starch After High Pressure Processing: Studies Based on an Acoustic Wave Sensor; Sens. Actuator B Chem. 209 (2015) 323–327. DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2014.11.110 21. Cappa, C., G.V. Barbosa-Cánovas, M. Lucisano, and M. Mariotti: Effect of High Pressure Processing on the Baking Aptitude of Corn Starch and Rice Flour; LWT Food Sci. Technol. 73 (2016) 20–27. DOI: 10.1016/j.lwt.2016.05.028 22. Jolie, R.P., S

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The Complexity of Tobacco and Tobacco Smoke

. Ikeda, T. R. Terrill, D. G. Vickroy, and D. B. Walters, Proc. Am. Chem. Soc. Symp., New Orleans, LA (1977) 426–470. 37. Green, C. R.: Tobacco and smoke chemistry; RJRT presentation, March 21, 1984, see www.rjrtdocs. com, 512094044-4155, 504890559-0670, accessed 05/03/ 2011. 38. Green, C. R.: Book review: The chemical components of tobacco and tobacco smoke (Alan Rodgman and Thomas A. Perfetti, CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, Florida, 2008, 1836 pages); Beitr. Tabakforsch. Int. 23 (2009) 227

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Analysis of Menthol, Menthol-Like, and Other Tobacco Flavoring Compounds in Cigarettes and in Electrically Heated Tobacco Products

Use Among U.S. Young Adults; Am. J. Prev. Med. 44 (2013) 388–391. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2012.11.031 25. Rath, J.M., A.C. Villanti, V.F. Williams, A. Richardson, J.L. Pearson, and D.M. Vallone: Correlates of Current Menthol Cigarette and Flavored Other Tobacco Product Use Among U.S. Young Adults; Addict. Behav. 62 (2016) 35–41. DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.05.021 26. European Commission: Directive 2014/40/EU of the European Parliament and the Council on the Approximation of the Laws, Regulations and Administrative Provisions of the Member States Concerning

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Measurements of Low Concentrations of Carbonyl Sulfide

nitric oxide and 3.6 ppm nitrogen dioxide on rabbit lung; Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Hlth. 42 (1979) 159-167. 8. Hugod, C.: Effect of exposure to 0.5 hydrogen cyanide singly or combined with 200 ppm carbon monoxide and/or 5 ppm nitric oxide on coronary arteries, aorta, pulmonary artery and lungs in the rabbit; lnt. Arch. Occup. Environ. Hlth. 44 (1979) 13--23. 9. Kamstrup, O., and C. Hugod: Exposure of rabbits to 50 ppm carbonyl sulphide; lnt. Arch. Occup. Environ. Hlth. 44 (1979) 109-116. 10. Osborne, J. S., S. Adamek

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Nicotine Degradation by Microorganisms in Model Experiments / Über Nikotinabbau durch Mikroorganismen in Modellversuchen

References 1. Suchsland, E.: Deutsches Reichspatent Nr. 56539 vom 4· 4· 1.891.. 2. Suchsland, E.: Periodische Mitteilungen des Tabakverbandes Mannheim 38 (1.892) 203. 3. Nessler, J.: Der Tabak; Mannheim 1.867. 4. Batham, H. N.: Science 84 (1.927) 1.87. 5. Wenusch, A.: Ztsdtr. Unters. Lebensm. 84 (1.942) 329. 6. Bucherer, H.: Zbl. Bakteriologie 1.05 (1.942) 1.66. 7. Bucherer, H., und Enders, C.: Biochem. Z. 31.0 (1.942) 222. 8. Enders

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Influence of Type and Amount of Carbon in Cigarette Filters on Smokers’ Mouth Level Exposure to “Tar”, Nicotine, 1,3-Butadiene, Benzene, Toluene, Isoprene, and Acrylonitrile

Following a Forced Switch to a Lower ISO Tar Yield Cigarette; Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 61 (3 suppl) (2011) S13-S24. DOI: 10.1016/j.yrtph.2011.05.011. 32. Morin, A., C.J. Shepperd, A.C. Eldridge, N. Poirier, and R. Voisine: Estimation and Correlation of Cigarette Smoke Exposure in Canadian Smokers as Determined by Filter Analysis and Biomarkers of Exposure; Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 61 (3 suppl) (2011) S3-S12. DOI: 10.1016/j.yrtph.2010.09.020. 33. Shepperd, C.J., A.C. Eldridge, D.C. Mariner, M. McEwan, G. Errington, and M. Dixon: A Study

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Adsorption Capacity of Cigarette Filters for Phenols from the Smoke / Die Filtration von Phenolen aus Cigarettenrauch

Hoffmann, D.: Cancer, im Druck. 7. Boutwell, R. K. und Bosch, D. K.: Cancer Research 1.9 (1.959) 41.3. 8. Wynder, E. L. und .Hoffmann, 0.: Cancer 1.4 (1.961.) 1.306. 10. Arshid, C. H., Giles, C. H. und Jain, S. K.: J. Chem. 5oc., London (1.956) 1.272. 11. Wynder, E. L. und Hoffmann, 0.: in Vorbereitung. 12. Marsden, R. J. B. und Urquhart, A. R.: J. Text. Inst. 33 (1.942) T 1.05. 13. Lueck, C. M.: Persönliche Mitteilung. 14. Wartman, W. B., Cogbill, E. C. und

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