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Infection in central venous catheter led by parenteral nutrition of tumor patients

bacteria and fungi: (1) the physical support of surface structures (such as cell wall, mycelium, flagella, and cilia) [ 21 ] and (2) through interactions of secretion or autolysis chemicals (such as signaling molecules, extracellular polysaccharide, protein, and DNA and RNA) to complete the exchange and information transmission of genes and metabolites, change antibiotic resistance, adapt to environment pressures, and express virulence genes. Given the complexity of the interaction between bacteria and fungi, scarce information can explain the specific mechanisms, which

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Genetic Engineering in Conifer Plantation Forestry

assessment of factors influencing transgene expression in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.). Cell Res. 11: 237-243. TANG, W. and V. SAMUELS (2002): Genetic transformation of Pinus taeda by particle bombardment. Journal of Forestry Research 13: 91-97. TANG, W. (2003): Additional virulence genes and sonication enhance Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated loblolly pine transformation. Plant Cell Rep. 21: 555-562. TANG, W. and Y. TIAN (2003): Transgenic loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plants expressing a modified deltaendotoxin gene

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Effective anti-adhesives of uropathogenic Escherichia coli

. Furneri, Anti-adhesion activity of A2-type proanthocyanidins (a cranberry major component) on uropathogenic E. coli and P. mirabilis strains, Antibiotics (Basel) 3 (2014) 143-154; 76. M. A. Amalaradjou, A. Narayanan and K. Venkitanarayanan, Trans-cinnamaldehyde decreases attachment and invasion of uropathogenic Escherichia coli in urinary tract epithelial cells by modulating virulence gene expression, J. Urol. 185 (2011) 1526-1531; 77. A. E. Stapleton, J

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Proteus sp. – an opportunistic bacterial pathogen – classification, swarming growth, clinical significance and virulence factors

-7181. BELAS, R., MANOS, J., SUVANASUTHI, R. 2004. Proteus mirabilis ZapA metalloprotease degrades a broad spectrum of substrates, including antimicrobial peptides. Infect. Immun.72: 5159-5167. BELAS, R., SUVANASUTHI, R. 2005. The ability of Proteus mirabilis to sense surfaces and regulate virulence gene expression involves FliL, a flagellar basal body protein. J. Bacteriol. 187: 6789-6803. BERLICKI, L., BOCHNO, M., GRABOWIECKA, A., BIAŁAS, A., KOSIKOWSKA, P., KAFARSKI, P. 2011. N-substituted aminomethanephosphonic and aminomethane- P

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Food-Borne Pathogens and Contaminants in Raw Milk – A Review

–78. Skaug M.A., Helland I., Solvoll K., Saugstad O.D. (2001). Presence of ochratoxin A in human milk in relation to dietary intake. Food Addit. Contam., 18: 321–327. Solomakos N., Govaris A., Angelidis A.S., Pournaras S., Burriel A.R., Kritas S.K., Papageorgiou D.K. (2009). Occurrence, virulence genes and antibiotic resistance of Escherichia coli O157 isolated from raw bovine, caprine and ovine milk in Greece. Food Microbiol., 26: 865–871. Sørensen L.K., Elbæk T.H. (2005). Determination of mycotoxins in bovine milk by liquid chromatography tandem mass

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Molecular typing of bacteria for epidemiological surveillance and outbreak investigation / Molekulare Typisierung von Bakterien für die epidemiologische Überwachung und Ausbruchsabklärung

spezifischen Primern. S, Isolat aus Untersuchungsmaterial, R, Referenzstamm, M, 100 Basenpaar Molekulargewichtsmarker. 3.1.1 Toxin, virulence, and antibiotic resistance gene profiles typing For particular pathogens ( Vibrio cholerae, E. coli, S. aureus ), identification or typing might be insufficient and toxin and virulence gene data are required to assess their hazardous nature ( Table 1 ) ( Monaghan et al., 2011 ; Schmid et al., 2013 ). Table 1 Detection of diverse toxin and virulence genes by PCR. VPI, vibrio pathogenic island; (+) target is present

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