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Nicholas Wilson

(2003) ask females about exchanging sex for money. Two rounds of the Kenya DHS – 1998 and 2003 – ask females about exchanging sex for “money, gifts, or favours”. In contrast, the surveys I use in the current analysis, the Zambia Sexual Behavior Surveys (ZSBS), ask respondents, “in the past 12 months, have you paid for sex or been paid to have sex?”. The 1991-2016 survey rounds of the General Social Survey (GSS) asks respondents, “Thinking about the time since your 18th birthday, have you ever had sex with a person you paid or who paid you for sex?” Fewer than 1% of

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Jan Hagemejer and Mahdi Ghodsi

assembly of complete final products for the purpose of the domestic market of the destination country. In fact, such undertakings existed in Central and Eastern Europe even before the democratic revolution of 1989, for example during Poland’s attempted industrial modernization of the 1970s. However, the so-called second unbundling (see Baldwin 2013 ) that involved geographically separating the manufacturing stages has led to increased imports and exports of components and truly integrated the developing countries in the production networks. This has facilitated the

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Andrzej Bolesta

process of post-socialist systemic transformation. The Burmese dictator, General Ne Win, resigned. The immediate cause was social unrests triggered by the situation in the country. Events known as ‘The 8888 Uprising’ were initiated by students of the Yangon University. Hundreds of thousands of residents took part in street protests in August and September 1988. The uprising was pacified by the Burmese armed forces (Tatmadaw) in September 1988. Socialist economic experiments of Ne Win’s military junta between 1962 and 1988 led to economic collapse. From a relatively

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Yigit Aydede and Atul Dar

of immigrants. Although this adverse market response can possibly be addressed with public policies, risk aversion among employers is neither widespread nor substantial in size to reduce the overall overserved wage gap. The rest of the paper is organized as follows. Section 1 discusses the conceptual background. Section 2 summarizes previous research. Section 3 introduces the data and contains a descriptive analysis of education–occupational matching measures used in this paper. Econometric results and a discussion of our findings are given in Section 4

Open access

Rastislav Funta

Abstract

Digitization has changed economic activity in many ways. While digitization has contributed to a very dynamic development of markets and competition, concerns are also being expressed about powerful positions of some companies. The digital transformation poses new challenges for companies, consumers, politics and society. Competition policy is also required to address these developments and to adapt existing competition law, if necessary. The following analysis of digital markets showed that it is not possible, in general, to make concrete competition policy statements or even to give detailed recommendations for the antitrust analysis. The aspects are to be considered separately and in detail when examining search engines, social networks, trading platforms and other business models. On the other hand, data (and data analysis) should stand in the centre of competition law analysis due to their importance for the economic success of digital market companies.

Open access

Martin Becan and Zdenek Smutny

References Alexe, C. G., Alexe, C. M., Popescu, C. A., and Niculescu, C., 2011. Improving Internal Communication at the Company's Level. In D. Dumitriu (Ed.), Change Management in a Dynamic Environment (pp. 248-256). Bucuresti: Editura Niculescu. Behrendt, S., Richter, A., and Trier, M., 2014. Mixed methods analysis of enterprise social networks. Computer Networks, 75, Part B, 560-577. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comnet.2014.08.025 Chin, C. P. Y., Evans, N., and Choo, K. K. R., 2015. Exploring Factors

Open access

Martin Klepek

.1509/jmkg.67.2.123.18610 Becan, M., and Smutny, Z., 2016. The Use of Enterprise Social Networks in Organizations from the Perspective of Generation Y in the Czech Republic. Scientific Annals of Economics and Business, 63 (1). Bryman, A., and Bell, E., 2007. Business research methods . Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press. Chen, C. Y., Jim Wu, Y. C., and Wu, W. H., 2013. A sustainable collaborative research dialogue between practitioners and academics. Management Decision, 51 (3), 566-593. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10

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Yaroslav I. Vyklyuk, Valeriy K. Yevdokymenko and Ihor V. Yaskal

., 1982. Neural Networks and Physical Systems with Emergent Collective Computational Abilities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 79(8), 2554-2558. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.79.8.2554 Katsikatsou, M., Moustaki, I., Yang-Wallentin, F., and Jöreskog, K. G., 2012. Pairwise likelihood estimation for factor analysis models with ordinal data. Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, 56(12), 4243-4258. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csda.2012.04.010 Labaye, E., Sjåtil, P. E., Bogdan

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Costică Mihai, Mioara Borza and Mihai Talmaciu

References Andersen, V. K., and Lorenzen, M., 2005. The Geography of the Danish Creative Class: A Mapping and Analysis Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/441896/The_Geography_of_the_Danish_Creative Boschma, R. A., and Fritsch, M., 2007. Creative Class and Regional Growth-Empirical Evidence from Eight European Countries. Jena Economic Research Paper. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1023869 Bouquillion, P., and Le Corf, J. B., 2012. Concepts of creative industries and creative economies: what are the

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Marco Ginanneschi and Pietro Piu

References Acar, A. Z., and Karabulak, S., 2015. Competition between Full Service Network Carriers and Low-cost Carriers in Turkish Airline Market. Procedia: Social and Behavioral Sciences, 207 , 642-651. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.10.134 ACI Europe, 2014. Competition in the European Aviation sector. Analysis Paper . https://goo.gl/VgH38B . Alderighi, M., Cento, A., Nijkamp, P., and Rietveld, P., 2005. Network competition - The coexistence of hub-and-spoke and point-to-point systems. Journal of Air Transport Management, 11 (5