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Agnieszka Pietraszkiewicz and Bogdan Wojciszke

References Bagozzi, R. P. (1991). Further thoughts on the validity of measures of elation, gladness, and joy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 98-104. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.61.1.98. Blaine, B., & Crocker, J. (1993). Self-esteem and self-serving biases in reactions to positive and negative events: An integrative review. In R. F. Baumeister (Eds.), Self-esteem: The puzzle of low self-regard (pp. 55-85). New York, NY: Plenum Press. Chambliss, C., Cattai, A., Benton, P., Elghawy, A., Fan, M

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Maja Rus-Makovec, Karin Sernec, Velko Rus, Zdenka Čebašek-Travnik, Martina Tomori and Slavko Ziherl

and misuse: evidence from a US adoption cohort. J Stud Alcohol 1996; 1: 8-39. Duncan TE, Duncan SC, Hops H. The effects of family cohesiveness and peer encouragement in the development of adolescent alcohol use: a cohort - sequential approach to the analysis of longitudinal data. J Stud Alcohol 1994; 9: 588-99. Overholser JC, Adams DM, Lehnert KL, Brinkman DC. Self-Esteem Deficits and Suicidal Tendencies among Adolescents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1995; 34(7): 919-28. McCardy SJ

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Izabela Zakrzewska and Agnieszka Samochowiec

Abstract

Children growing up in families with alcohol problems experience many emotions and events that are inadequate to their age. All these experiences are related to their subsequent functioning. Having a mother or a father suffering from alcohol dependence has a big impact on who one becomes in the future and how he/she perceives the world and other people.

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the level of self-esteem, satisfaction with life as well as basic hope in the so-called Adult Children of Alcoholics (ACoA), and the attitudes of their parents.

The study involved 49 persons, aged from 18 to 70. To obtain the necessary data we used the Questionnaire Survey for Adult Children of Alcoholics, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Basic Hope Inventory (BHI-R) and Re-trospective Assessment of Parental Attitudes Questionnaire (KPR-Roc).

The results show a positive correlation between the level of self-esteem and life satisfaction, and the attitudes of autonomy and acceptance in the mothers of our subjects. Also, life satisfaction, self-esteem and basic hope proved to be interrelated, i.e. an increase within one coincided with an increase in the other two. In addition, our results show that experiencing violence in the families of persons with the ACoA syndrome significantly correlates with the retrospective assessment of their parents' attitudes. Fathers in the so-called violent families are perceived as excessively demanding, yet inconsistent, while mothers as more rejecting and less protecting.

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Eugenia Mandal

. Czasopismo Psychologiczne, 6, 3-4, 171-188.[Structure of Narcissism in the Polish Adaptation of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory. Psychological Journal, 6, 3-4, 171-188.] Bem, S. L. (1974). The measurement of psychological androgyny. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42, 2, 155-162. Blascovich, J., & Tomaka, J. (1991). Measure of self-esteem. In J. P. Robinson, P. R. Shaver, & L. S. Wrightsman (Eds.), Measures of personality and social psychological attitudes, Vol. 1 (pp. 115-160). San Diego, CA: Academic Press. Boski, P

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Petra Dolenc

-88. 7. Bobbio A. Relation of physical activity and self-esteem. Percept Mot Skills 2009; 108: 549-57. 8. Moreno JA, Cervelló E, Moreno R. The importance of physical-sport practice and gender in physical self-concept from 9 up to 23 years. Int J Clin Health Psychol 2008; 8: 171-83. 9. Schneider M, Dunton GF, Cooper DM. Physical activity and physical self-concept among sedentary adolescent females: an intervention study. Psychol Sport Exerc 2008; 9: 1-14. 10. Donaldson SJ, Ronan KR. The effects of sports participation on

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Fatima Hossain and Nuno Ferreira

), clear definitions of self-concept will vary between authors. Bentall et al. (2001) cohesively reviewed the commonly used terminology around self-concept, identifying five areas that are commonly used to define self-concept: self-esteem self-consciousness self-representations self-schemas self-perception Development as an adolescent for gay and lesbian youth may feel even more difficult, as they also need to go through a process of constructing a healthy self-concept in a primarily heterosexual social environment ( Rotheram-Borus et al., 1995 ). Each of

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John Timon Odhiambo Owenga, Peter J. O. Aloka and Pamela A. Raburu

test’ cheaters are the teachers. The Christian Science, January 11 Available at: 11. www.csmonitor.com/Monitor2005/0111/p01s03-ussc.html. Bandura, A. (1986). Self - efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: W.H. Freeman. Beuchamp A & Murdode; T (2009) Cheating 25, June 2013. http://www.education.com/reference/articles. Bisong, NN (2009). Cheating tendencies in Examination among secondary schools in Nigeria: A case study of schools in the Odulepani local Government Area. Journals. Sage pub.com/da/abs/10.2304/pf/c.2009

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Michał Gacek, Władysława Pilecka and Agnieszka Fusińska-Korpik

). Does high selfesteem cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness, or healthier lifestyles? Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 4(1), 1-44. Boivin, M., Vitaro, & F., Gagnon, C. (1992). A reassessment of the Self-Perception Profile for Children: Factor structure, reliability, and convergent validity of a French version among second through sixth grade children. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 15 (2), 275-290. Bolger, K. E., Patterson, J., & Kupersmidt, J. (1998). Peer relationships and self-esteem

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Anish Yousaf, Makhmoor Bashir and Insha Amin

Abstract

The current study revolves around research in sport consumption motivations exploring Nationality and Gender difference across fan motivations to watch sports in a way similar to Kwon and Trail (2001) in Indian context, a subject neglected until now. Data was collected from 260 respondents from India’s largest Private University. Findings reveal Group Affiliation as the most important motivation followed by Eustress (entertainment), Aesthetics, and Self-Esteem. Betting on sports was found as the least preferred motivation. Findings revealed Nationality having a significant impact on Group Affiliation and Aesthetics while Gender has a significant impact on Group Affiliation, Eustress as well as on level of identification with sport. These findings have implications for sports marketers of different sporting events involved in marketing of sports related activities to enhance their marketing practices. The results of the current study are of interest for physical education departments of large private Universities which can use them to promote their sports events at a large scale. The last section of the study discusses the results in detail followed by directions for future research.

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Ashley M. Popp and Chia-Ju Yen

Abstract

The first part of this study, explored by Ashley Popp, presents an investigation into a relatively unexamined area of physical education: an analysis of a transcultural phenomenon in the history of dance. Data has been collected from primary sources and archival evidence to assess competing ideologies inherent in the transformation of a particular art form. In the analysis of the cultural migration through which belly dance was transferred from the Middle East to the United States, an adaptive reaction to the hegemonic relationships of culture, race, gender, and class has been observed. Beyond performance aesthetics, links have been made between the act of belly dancing and the building of women’s self-esteem, as researched by Chia-Ju Yen. The main purpose of her study was to explore how facial burn patients cope with disfigurement and the unfriendly attitudes of others, and examines the alteration of body image via inspiration provided by the performance of belly dance. This research was conducted from the perspective of an anthropologically thickdescription research method, and a case study was performed using in-depth interviews, including narratives by a woman who had suffered facial injuries. The results of the research showed that through family support, hard work and a decisive and studious personality, the patient was able to cope with the discriminatory attitude of others. The performance of belly dance not only made her emphasize her body, but also enriched her life.