The article deals with the analysis of professional training of choreography students in European universities. It is indicated that choreography education is a certain system of dancing training, which cultivates students’ artistic, physical and technical skills necessary for the dancing profession, as well as develops their special knowledge. It is found that an indispensable component of learning is character and national dance. It is specified that the prospects of using foreign experience to modernize choreography education include different levels, namely the European level (an intensification of cooperation with international educational organizations, promotion of intercultural education and international relations through participation in cultural exchange programmes and international dance competitions and festivals), the national level (elaboration of appropriate legal and regulatory acts, design of national cultural and educational programmes for developing choreographic culture, introduction of new models of choreography training (theater dance, choreotherapy, modern dance), formulation of modern requirements for future specialists, allocation of budget on choreography development), the institutional level (administrative support of international scientific projects, introduction of appropriate strategies for developing choreographic industry, introduction of new courses, modernization of existing training programmes, introduction of innovative choreographic training programmes, creation of special programmes for students with special educational needs, Europeasation of lecture content, introduction of innovative elective modules at departments of choreography, organization of international workshops).
An increasing number of international students, whose culture of teaching and learning practices are very different from UK students, are studying at British universities. This study investigates multicultural students’ preferences using two different teaching approaches in the 2009/2010 academic year, which is explained in the framework of this study. The study sample was two groups, a total of 34 students who were studying Japanese as a non-credited module. Quantitative and qualitative data was collected using questionnaires. The results showed that students’ preferences in teaching and learning appeared to be altered and influenced by the British educational culture regardless of students’ previous educational culture. In addition, the sample participants’ preference of teaching and learning are categorised into three types based on the framework of the study. Those who are in the teaching profession in a multicultural learning environment are encouraged to take consideration of students’ previous educational culture. It is suggested to incorporate teaching and learning practices from non-Anglophone countries to the Anglophone originated teaching approach to capture different preferences of multicultural students, reflecting global international characteristics of teaching and learning environments.
On the basis of scientific research, the experience of higher education institutions in Ukraine and abroad (the USA, the Swiss Confederation) concerning the forming of future philologists’ professional mobility in the process of Master training has been generalized. It has been overviewed, that professional mobility is an essential indicator of the professional and social maturity of a worker. It has been found out that the content of the Master training has to ensure the forming of such features of professional mobility: openness and creativity, which are expressed in susceptibility to new and rejection from stereotypes, in the creative attitude to the profession; commitment to occupy the new activities; an ability for quick adaptation to changing conditions of professional activity; communication. It has been proved, that the forming of specialists’ professional mobility in philology in the process of Master training is more productive when it is based on the ground of values and consistent with professional competence. Having analysed the experience of the aforementioned universities, state standards of competence training of Master philologists have been developed. They are oriented to innovation in professional activities. As a result of fundamental scientific training, which is undertaken during problem lectures, seminars, discussions, scientific workshops, there is a specialist with high social maturity, professional liability, with philological and pedagogical knowledge, words and style, reading culture, compression, editing, translation, building a new high-quality text, communicative culture, with the willingness to use the experience in various fields of teaching, scientific research, administrative innovation.
Conceptual bases of globalization influence onto engineer education in the field of nanoelectronics as well as formation of global skills necessary for life and work in a globalized society have been considered. Modern state of incorporating the global dimension into the process of future nanoelectronics engineers’ learning has been analyzed. Key skills and conditions of providing connection between results of learning and the global dimension in the engineering education have been defined. Possibilities of the global dimension realization (elaboration of new methods and approaches), integration of the education content on the principles of consistency and interdisciplinary nature as well as monitoring of learning results have been suggested. Special attention has been paid to implementation of the global dimension into the engineering profession that includes three aspects: generic themes, generic skills and generic dispositions. Main directions of developing the system of engineering education in the field of nanoelectronics have been specified. It has been defined that incorporation of the global dimension into the learning process of future engineers in the field of nanoelectronics encompasses five stages: the substantiation of key skills that define global dimension in engineering education; the provision of connection between the results of learning and global dimension in engineering education; the determination of opportunities to realize global dimension (elaboration of new methods and approaches); the integration of the learning content on the basis of consistency and interdisciplinary principles; the monitoring of learning results. In the result of the carried out research it has been concluded that the basis of conceptual approaches to engineering training of future specialists in the field of nanoelectronics is the logics and the content of the “engineer” notion, specifics of engineering activities in the field of nanoelectronics, as well as their functional duties in the context of globalization challenges. The process of introduction of the global dimension into the content of engineering programs in nanoelectronics encourages the development of an engineer’s personality at all the levels – individual, national and global.
Over the past decade in the world there has significantly increased the process of globalization, which resulted in high demand for the profession of a translator. For future interpreters it is important to be well informed, to know innovations of the sector, which they have chosen as the major. Therefore, the translator should be able to search for information, and critically evaluate it.
The article deals with the analysis of the application of modern information technology in the future translators training at the universities of the EU countries. The analysis of scientific and pedagogical literature that investigated aspects of information technology training of future translators at the universities has been made. The most widespread of information technologies that are applied during the translators’ training process have been defined, the possibilities of their application have been grounded. Countries, cities, universities of European Union where such training is carried out have been pointed out.
Also it should be mentioned that the characteristic feature of interpreters' higher education in Europe is that the training program tend to a specialization profile. Their main types are: full program of higher education and independent graduate programs of specialized nature. The skills development of using computer technology makes an important contribution towards improving the quality of education during the professional activity. The change and correction of programs in accordance with the development of information technologies, informatization process, professional translators' interests are carried out in education systems.
In the process of professional training there are used the methods that are aimed at the intensification of the processes of self-education and self-development. An important provision of the Bologna process is the focus of higher education establishments on educational results: knowledge and skills of the graduates should be applied and practically used.
The article presents comparative analysis of the structure and content of future specialists in physical therapy training in higher educational establishments of Ukraine and leading European countries. Having analyzed official websites and educational documentation of the leading European colleges of higher education regarding professional training of future specialists in physical therapy, we have defined common and distinctive features of structural and content components of the process. Within the framework of the research, it has been found that in educational systems of Italy, Spain, Norway, Greece, Finland, Sweden, and Norway training of future specialists in physical therapy is primarily focused on the concept of continuous education and is variant, practice-oriented, related to the profession of a physical therapeutist at most. The research has revealed certain components in the structure and content of professional training of future specialists in physical therapy in higher educational establishments of Ukraine and leading European countries. These components can be used in structure-oriented content of educational process in Ukrainian higher educational establishments. Namely, these include: shift of the vector of educational process to practice-oriented education via increasing academic hours for improvement of professional competence of future specialists in physical therapy under conditions of actual professional activity, acquiring knowledge and skills necessary for professional activity. Relying on the results of the comparative analysis we have made a conclusion that positive experience in training of future specialists in physical therapy in higher educational establishments of Ukraine and leading European countries will allow to define the trend of developing professional training in domestic higher educational establishments.
Qualitative occupational training and assessment through acquaintance with the knowledge and insight for transference of concepts and procedure of the fundamental scientific and mathematical skills obtainable in engineering profession produces effective and efficient engineering graduates. Thus, it is a guarantee of effective technical manpower development for the sake of the nation. This is the conceptual basis for this study as it assesses the relevance of workplace and industrial work experience of engineering students to their professional skills training and competence development in engineering disciplines in Nigeria universities. The survey instrument designed for data collection from the participants in the study was an open and closed-ended format questionnaire. It comprises placement category, job experience category, relatedness of placement to the chosen career, relatedness of knowledge/skills in the deployed station in places of attachment and additional gained experience through hands-on incidents during industrial training period. The questionnaire was hand delivered to the participants. Data analysis has been carried out using SPSS version 16.0. Pearson Moment Correlation Coefficient at 95% confidence intervals were computed to determine the extent of association between the relevance of the knowledge/skills obtained during students’ industrial training and the establishments where they were employed for their SIWES to their course of study. P value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. The findings has shown that there was positive correlation (‘r’ value of 0.375) between the experiences gained in the establishments where students were attached for their industrial training as well as the knowledge and skills acquired in the places of their industrial training. This implies that skills and competence development in engineering career fundamentally enhances students’ training in engineering field through hands-on experience involved in industrial training.
Nataliya Mukan, Svitlana Kravets and Nataliya Khamulyak
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The article deals with the content of training Masters in National Security at the UK universities. The problem of the state’s national security in the context of the state’s general development and the realization of its national interests has been actualized. It is noted that maintaining the national interests of any state world provides an adequate response to the challenges and threats of today, namely the implementation of an effective national security policy. It is found that the UK’s national security strategy lists all the key threats that the government believes are threatening the state. Terrorism has been the top problem since the terrorist attacks in London in 2007. The proliferation of nuclear weapons and other types of weapons of mass destruction causes much anxiety, too. The UK strategy also includes threats such as transnational organized crime, global instability and conflictogenity (in the Middle East and Africa), global climate change, energy shortages, poverty, etc. The conducted research proves that the UK seeks to identify and eliminate such threats as transnational organized crime, global instability and conflictogenity, global climate change, energy shortages, poverty, etc. The UK National Security Strategy is based on such key values as human rights, the rule of law, a lawful and responsible government, justice, freedom, tolerance and equal opportunity for all. As a result, the UK universities aim to diversify professional training of specialists in national security incorporating into the field such areas as peace or war studies, conflict studies, terrorism, insurgency, etc. The content of professional training for national security specialists, namely masters, provided by King’s College London, the University of Leeds and Coventry University are characterized by the following features: adherence to the nation-wide principles of national security, the conceptual diversity of degree programmes (national security studies; peace and conflict studies; security, terrorism and insurgency), focus on humanities, profession-oriented compulsory modules, a wide range of optional courses, flexible combination of study and work and personal commitments, research challenges, taking into account the dilemmas and challenges of globalization and integration, promotion of human rights, etc. The relevant recommendations have been singled out to improve the content of professional training for such specialists at Ukrainian universities.