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Agus Warseno and Anastasia Suci Sukmawati

1 Introduction The proportion of aging population is increasing rapidly year by year, and the deep influence of this phenomenon on the economic and social conditions has been studied using multilateral approaches, such as social, physical, and psychological aspects. Data from the Central Bureau of Statistics show that the number of aged persons in Yogyakarta has increased from 492,200 in 2015 to 505,100 in 2016. 1 Changes in the sleep pattern are experienced by older people. Bundlie 2 states that there are age-related changes in sleep, namely, increased

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Yi-Fan Tang, Xin-Yu Hu, Jing Zhao, Ze-Juan Gu, Shuang-Shuang Xing and Wei-Yun Wang

surely meet the local cultural background. 3.1 Related functions and function classification standards of chronic venous leg ulcers 3.1.1 Skin function (b810–b849) Local ulcer wound is the principal and main symptom of venous leg ulcer. Accurate wound assessment is essential for the appropriate and realistic planning of goals and interventions for patients with wounds. 21 Physical examination is considered extremely important for local wound treatment. 7 The Leg Ulcer Measurement Tool (LUMT) is the first instrument developed to evaluate and track changes in leg

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Jie Li, Hong Lu and Rui Hou

same, encompassing a full range of primary health care services for women from adolescence to beyond menopause. CNMs and CMs provide primary care, gynecological and family planning services, perinatal care, care of the normal newborn during the first 28 days of life, and treatment of male partners for sexually transmitted infections. They provide physical examinations and health consultations and education; prescribe medications, including controlled substances and contraceptive methods; and manage patients, order and interpret laboratory and diagnostic tests, and

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Xiao-Xi Liu, Wei-Hua Liu, Ma Ping, Cheng-Yao Li, Xiao-Ying Liu and Ping Song

to 1980s compiled by Xiao Shuiyuan, including the three dimensions (objective support, subjective support, and utilization of support) a total of 10 items, with 1–4 grade score, total score of social support score, score 66 points, the lowest score was 12 points, the higher the score is, the higher level of social support. The score of <20 means low social support, 20–30 means general social support, and >30 means high social support. The scale was applied to a number of domestic studies with good reliability and validity. The test–retest reliability was 0.92, and

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Rui Chen and Yi-Lan Liu

participants, five experts in the related field had finished the pilot tested for feasibility and content validity. Their suggestions were related to wording changes intended to increase the clarity of the questionnaire. Based on the results of the pilot, minor changes were made to the format of the questionnaire. 3.2 Identification of the expert panel According to the purpose of the research subjects and the Delphi method, we established the inclusion criteria: (1) knowledgeable about nursing caring and held academic influence in caring field; (2) devoted in the field

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Ye-Feng Lu, Yan Wang, Ming-Zhu Huang, Xue-Fei Ren, Lei-Qing Gao, Dan Li, Yan-Fen Li and Yan Yang

.02–1.62) Note: SD: standard deviation; BMI: body mass index; BMD: bone mineral density; Ca: calcium; Mg: magnesium; Cu: cuprum; Fe: iron; Zn: zinc. 3.2 Nutritional data The mean weight, height, and BMI Z values were within the normal range (–2 to 2). The mean values of vitamin D and vitamin D3 were much lower than the normal range. The blood concentration of trace elements was close to normal. The content of iron was lower than the normal range, and calcium reached the baseline of the normal range. 3.3 Data analysis of laboratory tests The data

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Lan Gao, Xiu-Zhen Cao, Ying Zhang, Tai-Fang Liu and Ai-Hua Zhang

Continence Nursing 52 2008 3 Krouse Quality of life outcomes in 599 cancer and non-cancer patients with colostomies Journal of Surgical Research 48 2007 4 Richbourg Difficulties experienced by the ostomate after hospital discharge Journal of Wound Ostomy and Continence Nursing 47 2007 5 Grant Revision and psychometric testing of the City of Hope Quality of Life Ostomy Questionnaire Quality of Life Research 44 2004 Figure 2 Citation chronological chart of stoma research literature. 4 Discussion 4

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Feng-Guang Guan, Mei Wang and Xiao-Qin Lian

(%), data were measured as mean and standard deviation (descriptive) and comparison between groups were carried out using a t -test and single factor analysis of variance ( P <0.05). The knowledge score for stroke prevention and treatment was graded according to score: >80% as good, 60%–80% as medium and <60% as not good. Pearson correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were used to evaluate self-management in stroke patients and recovery factors; P <0.01 was considered as statistically significant. 3 Results 3.1 Self-management level of

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Hua Yin, Ling Yang and Qiao Ye

usual Readmission rates at 2 weeks and 3 months Changes in FEV 1 Mortality Health status of patients Health-related guality of life 18 months No difference was found in mortality and FEV 1 Griffiths et al. (2000) The Lancet Wales, UK Local hospital and local GP referring ( N =200) The treatment group received a multidisciplinary treatment, including two sessions: a general education session and an individualized physical training session Patients continued with their usual outpatient or primary care

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Sitamanats Suwanachaiy, Onanong Kulaputana and Dootchai Chaiwanichsiri

-98. 17. Bull F, Milligan R, Rosenberg M, MacGowan H. Physical activity levels of Western Australian adults 1999. Health Department of Western Australia and Sport and Recreation Way2GO. Western Australian Government, Perth, 2000. 18. Ainsworth BE, Haskell WL, Whitt MC, Irwin ML, Swartz AM, Strath SJ, et al. Compendium of physical activities: an update of activity codes and MET intensities. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000; 32(9Suppl): s498-504. 19. Knox AJ, Morrison JFJ, Myers MF. Reproducibility of walking test results in chronic obstructive