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Tracy B. E. Omorogiuwa

Abstract

This paper investigates the impacts of domestic violence against women in Benin City. The study adopts the descriptive survey research design. The population of the study comprises of all men and women in Benin City, Nigeria. Using simple random sampling technique, a sample of one hundred and seventy five participants was selected. The data collected was analyzed using the Cronbach alpha formulae for internal consistency reliability, coefficients of 0.85. The descriptive statistics; the mean and standard deviation were employed. Results showed public perception of domestic violence against women in Benin City with the test value of 2.88. Domestic violence influences separation/divorce with a test value of 2.65. The psychological effects on women account for a test value of 2.78 and the physical health issues account for a test value of 2.99. Recommendations were made based on the findings that: Constant awareness-raising as a significant approach in responding to the issues of domestic violence against women should be encouraged by helping professionals. Assistance provision for victims, interventions measures with abusers and the proper interpretation of policies in response to the phenomenon.

Open access

Fatemeh Modaresi Asem, Farah Lotfi Kashani and Shahram Vaziri

Abstract

Marriage conflicts lead to reduction of marriage, health and the healthy relationship with children. The side-effects of dissatisfaction with mental and physical health of spouses and children show the necessity of marriage interactions improvement and codification of various plans. This research attempts to present new results by investigating the effectiveness of four-factor therapy: the effect of therapy, therapy hope and expectation, increasing awareness, and ordered-behavior in marriage conflicts. This research is a semi-experimental based on the research type, 26 people were selected randomly among 40 people who were volunteering to take part in the therapy group and they were distributed into two groups experiment and control. The people who were in the experiment group experience than 2-hour sessions of group tetrahedron psychotherapy and the 54-questions questionnaire of marriage conflicts were applied in both groups as a pre-test and post-test questionnaire. Multi-variable covariance analysis was deployed in order to analyze the data. The data showed the significant difference between the scores of experimental group and control group and these results show the effectiveness of four-factor psychotherapy as an effective approach for reducing marriage conflicts and for improvement of couples′ relationships. The four-factor components of therapy can be effective on reducing marriage conflicts separately. Actually, this approach creates a relationship therapy (the hope creation in relationship improvement) and by this method the couple get noticed of their problem and understand how to modify their behavior and subsequently how to organize it.

Open access

Sebastian Emanuel Stan

Abstract

The results of literature analysis confirm the strategic value of intangible resources in creating wealth and conferring competitive advantages to nations. However, there are few academic papers related to intangible resources at country level. At national level, economic growth is increasingly based on knowledge and other intangible resources than on physical ones. To test this hypothesis in Romania, this article analyses how intangible resources influence economic growth, and correlation indices between different types of intangible resources and gross domestic product value are calculated. The analysis shows that there are very strong positive correlations between GDP and most of the intangible resource variables. Despite the importance of intangible resources at national level and the fact that they are an important factor in determining economic growth in the current knowledge-based economy, Romania's position in the international context regarding intangible assets is very weak, with many weak points in research and innovation performance compared to other EU Member States. Therefore, there is a need in our country to re-evaluate the areas where all efforts need to be focused to stimulate innovation performance, to properly manage national intangible resources, a crucial process for improving the quality of life

Open access

Semei Coronado, Salvador Sandoval-Bravo, Pedro Luis Celso-Arellano and Ana Torres-Mata

. IEEE Transactions on Education , 47 (4), 459–466. https://doi.org/10.1109/TE.2004.825053 Lord, F. (1980). Applications of item response theory to practical testing problems . Hillsdale, NJ: Routledge. Marie, S. M. J. A., & Edannur, S. (2015). Relevance of item analysis in standardizing an achievement test in teaching of physical science. Journal of Educational Technology , 12 (3), 30–36. McDonald, M. (2017). The nurse educators guide to assessing learning outcomes . Burlington,MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. Miller, M. D., Linn, R., & Gronlund, N

Open access

Simona Miclăuș, Ionel Dumbravă, Viorica Voicu and Paul Bechet

References [1] International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP), Guidelines for limiting exposure to time varying electric, magnetic, and electromagnetic fields, Health Phys., vol. 74, pp. 494-522, 1998. [2] UltraTech Group of Labs, Engineering test report - UHF Transceiver ICOM, Model No.: IC-F24/S, UltraTech’s File #: ICOM-095-SAR, Oct. 2004. [3] Celltech Lab. Inc., Declaration of compliance - SAR test report, Transceiever Vertex Standard Co LTD, model VX-231-AG7B-5, Aug. 2008

Open access

Pavel Otřísal and Stanislav Florus

References [1] ČSN EN ISO 6529 (83 2732): Protective clothing - Protection against chemicals - Determination of resistance of protective clothing materials to permeation by liquids and gates (in Czech). Praha : Czech Normalization Institute, 2002. 36 p. [2] ASTM F739: Standard Test Method for Resistance of Protective Clothing Materials to Permeation by Liquids or Gases Under Conditions of Continuous Contact. Philadelphia : American Society for Testing and Materials, 1999. [3] PUNGOR, Ernő. A practical Guide to Instrumental Analysis. 1. vyd

Open access

N. N. Ubachukwu and C. N. Emeribe

Abstract

The study investigated the socio-economic impacts of the 2012 flooding in the riverine areas Isoko south Local Government area, Delta State. Two communities Oleh and Aviara which were greatly affected by the flood event were selected for the study. Both purposive and simple random sampling techniques were adopted in the survey. A total of two hundred questionnaire were distributed to household heads, famers, community and religious leaders, one hundred per community. Impacts on building/household property, financial cost of damage, impact on small farm holders, damage on school infrastructures, diseases distributed were used as impact indicators. The study showed that displacement of family members for a period of 3-4months recorded the highest impact with Oleh and Aviara communities scoring impact level of 34% and 36.6% respectively. This was followed by submergence of farmland/lost of valuable household property, 27.7% in Oleh community and 23.6% Aviara community. Death/major injury during the flood event recorded least impact of 8.5% in Oleh and 3.2% in Aviara communities. On the average these impacts were valued at between one and two million naira (N). Analysis of impact on small farm holders showed that monthly income groups between <50,000 and 100,000 naira(N) were worst hit by the flood event. These groups are mostly subsistent farmers including snail farmers, poultry owners. The study revealed that schools were closed down for a period of 2-3months while collapsed of bridges was a leading cause of disruption in school activities with impact scores of 22.2% and 18.8% in Oleh and Avaira communities respectively. Analysis of disease distribution showed that malaria fever ranked highest, 33.1% in Oleh and 41.9% in Avaira respectively. This was followed by Diarrhoea, 22.6% in Oleh and Typhoid fever, 22.1% in Aviara. Bearing the losses was a common response approach to the flood disaster in the sampled communities with scores of 30.9% in Oleh and 27.6% in Aviara community. Structural modification ranked second with impact score of 16.5% in Oleh and migration to alternative location 16.3% in Avaira. Least response approach was construction of Monkey Bridge, 4.2% in Oleh and 4.1% in Avaira. Analysis of underlying cause of vulnerability showed that over reliance on government intervention thus doing little was main cause of vulnerability in Oleh, 25%, while in Avaira the main cause of vulnerability was attitude/cultural belief, 20.4%. The geographical locations of these communities also increase their vulnerability to flood by 22.9% in Oleh and 19.4% in Aviara. Result of student t test at 0.05 level of significance showed that the impact of the 2012 flooding in study area was similar in terms of damage to physical property, financial cost of impact, damage to school infrastructures and disease distribution. However, significant variation was observed in the two communities in terms of impacts on small farm holders. The study recommends land zoning in the framework of urban planning and regulation of urban development with a view to reducing the vulnerability of future flooding especially in the light recent global warming and climate change.

Open access

Horst Stocker

among German conscripts, 1956–2010. Public Health Nutrition , 20(3): 391-403, 2017. [18] Vaara, Jani P., et al. Associations of maximal strength and muscular endurance test scores with cardio respiratory fitness and body composition.” The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research , 26 (8): 2078-2086, 2012. [19] Taanila Henri et al: Low physical fitness is a strong predictor of health problems among young men: a follow-up study of 1411 male conscripts. BMC Public Health , 11(1) : 590, 2011. [20] Bundesministerium für Landesverteidigung und Sport

Open access

Ahmad Alipour, Fariborz Bagheri, Mahnaz AliAkbari-Dehkordi and Fatemeh Amirabadi

; Ghafranipour, Fazlolla; Heidarnia, Alireza; Tahmasbi, Rahim (2010). Effective factors on regular physical exercise based on health improvement of women suffering from diabetes referring to Karaj diabetes association, Teb Jonoub Bimonthly, 13, 41-51. Okereke OI, Kang JH, Cook NR, et al. Type 2 diabetes mellitus and cognitive decline in two l arge cohorts of community-dwelling older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008; 56:1028- 1036. Onner K. W, Stickle T. R, Love, J., Bianchini K. J, Stanford M. S. Latent structure of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test

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Gabriela-Maria Man and Mihaela Man

wit is out: Age-related categorization and deficit expectations reduce performance on clinical tests used in dementia assessment. Psychology and Aging, 27, 778-784. Hess, T. M., Auman, C., Colcombe, S. J., & Rahhal, T. A. (2003). The impact of stereotype threat on age differences in memory performance. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 58, 3-11. Holmes, C. & Mahyew, K. (2012). The changing shape of the UK job market and its implications for the bottom half of earners, available at: http