disrepair. In such circumstances, the Local Regeneration Programme was received with great enthusiasm and hope. It is important to notice, that in this case, the idea to introduce changes to the Market Square came also from locals, as quoted by Katarzyna Raczyńska, the head of the Real Estate Management and Architecture department of the Municipal Office ( Rewitalizacja rynku dolnego w Środzie Śląskiej 2016). Inhabitants urged for a friendly space for pedestrians and tourists, where cultural and thematic events could take place and where one could rest surrounded by
essential to remember this in order to properly understand the nature of urban policy, which is the sum of policies related to the management of urban development processes. Although the main producers of this policy are representatives of the public sector, others, including representatives of civil society, are also involved in the process. This indicates the possibility of using various techniques of a participatory nature within this public policy. The process should not be considered a rational and closed public programme that can be managed in a limited time and
sustainability principles have become popular in suburbs ( Heberle, Opp 2008 ), and new terms and trends such as ‘walkability’ (that are used to measure how friendly urban spaces are for pedestrians) were even introduced ( Hutabarat Lo 2009 ).
Unfortunately, observations of changes that were taking place in the zones of Poznań Conurbation that were studied seem to confirm that the proposed solutions to problems are not always welcomed by the residents of such areas and people who are responsible for their development. This is confirmed by still unresolved problems and
form of emergency measure aimed at improving the dramatic food shortages since the mid-70s of the twentieth century is much better documented ( Bakker et al. 2000 ; Ellis & Sundberg 1998 ; Hynes 1996 ). On the basis of these experiences, a publication was recently published dealing with the theoretical model of transformation of the Casablanca metropolitan area into a compact layout of different forms of urban agriculture ( Giseke et al. 2015b : 318–320). Although this theory can be generalised in some cases, it does not, however, take into account the case of
( Taylor 2015 : 10).
Giving everyone an opportunity to be involved in regional and local redevelopment processes, was considered an important factor in encouraging cultural identity and as a condition for improving quality of life in the post-industrial landscape.
Another interesting and successful project in the Ruhr Valley is InnovationCity Ruhr in Bottrop. The city decided to establish a private company – InnovationCity Management GmbH, which brings together public and private shareholders. It provides private sector support for one of the key new focus areas for