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Jesús Morán Cepedano

Abstract

This text explores some of the great challenges present in the cultural landscape of today, such as globalization and its associated phenomena – (internationalisation and ultra-contemporaneousness); exasperated economism with its outcome in the scrap culture; the “piecemeal third world war”, according to Pope Francis’ effective expression, which is connected with a widespread and still poorly understood post-humanism and transhumanism; nihilism and the eclipse of religion as an institution. It considers the light that might be shed by the culture arising from the Focolare’s charism of unity, in order to address these challenges rigorously and without hasty demonizing. The overall picture is not intended to be negative but, without being naive, to offer an interpretation that is able to discern the work of the Spirit in the dramatic scenario of present times.

Open access

Andra Maria Brezniceanu

Abstract

The unaccompanied or separated minor is, according to the European Union body of legislation regarding asylum and migration, one of the extremely vulnerable categories of persons, and the risk of vulnerability is amplified in the case of the unaccompanied or separated minor - asylum seeker. Ever since the EU pre-accession period Romanian legislation reconciled, according to the European model, the requirements of the rules on migration with humanism provisions in the field of child rights. The images in the media about the migratory flows in recent years have revealed a system that requires imperatively legislative changes, adapting procedures, innovative work tools, including the case of the unaccompanied minor asylum seeker. In this article I intend to analyze the existing legislative framework in Romania, highlighting the positive aspects of the law and those which I believe that should be reconsidered so that the interests of the minor in the asylum procedure to be properly protected.

Open access

Martin Šemelák

. 2011. “Human Rights Storytelling and Trauma Narrative in Kazuo Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go” In Journal of Human Rights , 10:1, 1-16 Sartre, J. P. 1946. Existentialism is Humanism . From a public lecture given in 1946. Translated by Philip Mairet. Available at: < http://www.mrsmoser.com/uploads/8/5/0/1/8501319/english_11_ib_-_no_exit__existentialism_is_a_humanism_-_sartre.pdf > Schopenhauer, A. 1891. On Suicide In Studies in Pessimism . Translated by T. B. Saunders. Adeliade: The University of Adelaide Library. eBook file. Available at: < https

Open access

Rögnvaldur D. Ingthorsson

REFERENCES Andersson, L. (2012). Idrotten var livet självt. [Sport was life itself]. Sans , 3. Retrieved April 24, 2017, from http://www.fritanke.se/idrotten-var-livet-sjalvt/ Healy, M.L., Gibney, J., Pentecost, C., Wheeler, M.J., & Sonksen, P.H. (2014). Endocrine profiles in 693 elite athletes in the post competition setting. Clinical Endocrinology , 81(2), 294–305. DOI: 10.1111/cen.12445. Johansson, I. & Hjelm, J. (2012). Humanism och Idrott [Humanism and sports]. Fri Tanke . Retrieved April 24, 2017, from http://www.fritanke.se/lasvart/humanism

Open access

Eko Harry Susanto and Silviana Dharma Zhang

Abstract

In Indonesia, there are three preconditions for a successful marriage: being of legal age for marriage; parental approval, especially from the father; and religious and ethnic compatibility. The Indonesian Marriage Law provides that “a marriage is legitimate, if it has been performed according to the laws of the respective religions and beliefs of the parties concerned”. This clause indirectly prohibits inter-religious or interfaith marriage. Therefore, every religion in Indonesia encourages it followers to marry someone of the same religious faith. This research examines the issue of interfaith marriage as reported by Indonesia’s cyber media. Case studies are presented to explain why different media institutions have differing stances on the issue. Using a qualitative approach, the research uses the analytical data technique of Norman Fairclough’s critical discourse analysis. The authors analyzed three cyber media, Republika Online, Kompas.com, and Sinarharapan.co from September to December 2014. One key aim was to discover which media have the tendency to support diversity, discourse practice, and sociocultural practice. Results indicated that Islam-oriented media, such as Republika Online, tend to reject the movement for the legalization of interfaith marriage, as interfaith marriage is banned by Islamic shari’ law. Secular online media, such as Kompas.com with an independent ethos of transcendental humanism, lean toward support for rights and legal certainty for interfaith spouses. Meanwhile, Christian-oriented Sinarharapan.co tended to neglect the issue, as if deeming it irrelevant to its readership.

Open access

Anatoliy Kuzminsky

Abstract

Problems of appearing and functioning of human study science, i.e. pedology, have been studied in the paper. Theoretical analysis of integrative approaches of native and foreign scholars to pedology in the context of views of the third millennium has been performed. Useful and positive achievements of this science as well as wrong ones determined by specific features of time and socio-political conditions, views on children upbringing have been singled out. It has been indicated that at the beginning of the 21st century authoritarian, lacking humanism, scientistic-progressivistic educational paradigm is becoming history. At the same time child-centered, personal-developmental pedagogy is being increasingly included in the teaching practice. In addition, we can clearly trace contours of humanitarian-existential approaches to upbringing problems, which is why we should understand that there is no average child and that except heredity and environment much in the development of a small person depends on upbringing efforts of parents, pedagogues, state and society. Children should not adapt to the conditions since educational-upbringing system, curricula and methods of teaching must be adapted to a child, his/her capabilities, interests and specific features. A child’s interests should be in the basis of the upbringing system. Any system of a child’s upbringing, no matter how progressive and innovative it may be, will not fulfill its mission if it is not based on deep scientific pedology. Rather perspective we consider theoretical analysis of the development of the ideas on integral study of a child in Ukrainian pedology.

Open access

Ihor Roskvas

Abstract

The article deals with the problem of conceptual aspects of professional training for English language teachers in the UK. It is found that many curricula of British universities are based on the technology and procedure of exclusively professional training of future specialists, whereas general scientific and additional intellectual training is incorporated into extracurricular activities as proved by the ratio of study time allocated to different courses. Humanities and social sciences courses provide students with fundamental knowledge and the ability to navigate in the ever-growing volume of scientific knowledge, possibility and knowledge of social interaction. General professional and specialist courses cultivate professional mastery of future specialists and the ability to express, if necessary, professional mobility. It is clarified that English is a broad subject, which comprises three complementary elements studied either separately or combined. They are the following: English Literature (interpretation and analysis of literary texts and study of the history and theory of literature), English Language (the study of spoken, written and multimodal communication, their historical development and their distinctive levels of analysis: phonology, grammar and lexis) and creative writing (the practice of writing, the study of the literary and cultural contexts of writing and the exploration of the relationships that writing generates between writer, publisher, text and audience). It is concluded that professional training of English language teachers in the UK is based on conceptual aspects of such principles as neobehaviourism, liberalism, progressivism, social reconstructivism, cognitivism and humanism.

Open access

Małgorzata Wosiek

The Conditions of Development of Peripheral Areas in the Context of Present-Day Transformations of the International Environment

The author of the article has tried to analyse the influence of transformations taking place in the international environment on the development of the countries and peripheral regions (i.e. regions that are underdeveloped in economic terms). It has been indicated that spontaneous globalisation and liberalisation - on the level of national and regional economies - intensify side effects of the market mechanism which is manifested as adversely growing development imbalances. Market fallibility points to the need of enclosing these processes in institutional frameworks, which would correct market regulations. Compensatory cohesion policy of the European Union makes integration processes more attractive to the underdeveloped countries and regions than the offer of global capitalism. However, overcoming mutual discrepancies between social goals and economic effectiveness still remains a challenge. On the other hand, evolving towards an information society and a knowledge-based society supports holistic and interdisciplinary thinking, where economic rationality is but one of a number of aspects, and not the key issue. Such tendencies favour dissemination of principles of humanism which motivate to reduce unnecessary development disproportions and to carry out sustainable development. At the same time, the fact that some areas are underdeveloped while functioning in a knowledge-based economy is mainly due to the quality factor, hence it is more durable by nature and it requires more time to be eliminated.

Open access

M. Dahlan

Abstract

The study examined historical sense of sarak values and their implementation in Gowa, including the concept of sarak as a part of pangngadakkang element, Gowa people’s understanding about sarak as pangngadakkan element, and the implementation of sarak values among Gowa people. This is a qualitative descriptive research implementing field research method. In order to find out the actualization of sarak in Gowa, it also used historical approach as the main method in the research. The data obtained in this study were processed and analyzed in a deductive, inductive, and comparative way. The study found out that sarak is Islamic law as well as pangngadakkang element which is determined after Islam exists and is accepted by the people of Gowa. The implementation of sarak in Gowa is loaded with intellectual, moral, social, and ritual values. Spiritual values related to humanism contain aspects of the sanctity of life. Intellectual value is found in the history that in the era of Gowa Kingdom local people have reached high intellectual capacity. The teachings of sarak also set social values which mainly include on procedures of men relation in the law of family and muamalah. Ritual value is also the most prominent aspect as reflected in palili and attumate ceremony. The research indicated the significance of preserving sarak values as the element of pangngadakkang as long as it does not conflict with the teachings of Islam, for it symbolizes identity of a community that has been bequeathed by the glory of the past.

Open access

Tymofiy Desyatov

Abstract

The problem of professional training of teachers in foreign countries in terms of intercultural interaction of educational space objects has been studied in the paper. It has been stated that the current stage of human civilization development which is defined as the transition to a knowledge society, is characterized by qualitatively new requirements to the development of education. It has been noted that despite some cultural-and-historical differences in the development of Ukraine and countries of the European Union, functional similarity of national systems of teachers’professional training enables the usage of European experience in future teachers’ training. The role of teachers in the modernization of European education has been emphasized. It has been stated that in the professional training theory and practice significant experience has been accumulated which can form the basis for modernization of future teachers’ training for intercultural interaction of the educational process objects. Major trends in this area have been revealed. Scientific approaches and paradigms have been defined.

Much attention is focused on the fact that a set of methodological approaches to the problem of teachers’ professional training has allowed to distinguish personality-centered and activity approaches as main ones for solving research problems. It has been noted that the reason for scientists’ special attention to the category of educational activities is the development of problems related to organizing cross-cultural educational process that helps students to get knowledge about other cultures, to determine the common and special features in traditions, lifestyle and cultural values of peoples, to bring up youth in the spirit of respect for systems of other cultures. Much attention has been paid to the concept of educational support which is a humanistic way of interaction of a teacher with students on the basis of expansion and deepening student-centered and developmental paradigm of education which is based on internal freedom and creativity of the individual, real humanism and democracy.