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Ewelina Jagła, Justyna Śpiewak, Grzegorz Zaleśny and Marcin Popiołek

References 1. Becher A.M., Mahling M., Nielsen M.K., Pfister K.: Selective anthelmintic therapy of horses in the Federal states of Bavaria (Germany) and Salzburg (Austria): an investigation into strongyle egg shedding consistency. Vet Parasitol 2010, 171 , 116-122. 2. Bowman D.D., Lynn R.C., Eberhard M.L.: Georgis’ Parasitology for Veterinarians. Elsevier Science, St. Louis, USA, 2003. 3. Comer K., Coles G.C., Hillyer M.H.M.: A national survey for anthelmintic resistant nematodes in thoroughbreds

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B. Pilarczyk, A. Tomza-Marciniak, T. Stankiewicz, B. Błaszczyk, D. Gączarzewicz, M. Smugała, J. Udała, A. Tylkowska, J. Kuba and A. Cieśla

concentrations of horses in Virginia and Maryland. J Equine Vet Sci 14: 256-261. Gorecka R, Sitarska E, KlucihskiW(2002) Antioxidant parameters of horses according to age, sex, breed and environment. Pol J Vet Sci 5: 209-216. Opalka M, Kamihska B, Jaworski Z (2010) Differences in seasonal changes of fecal androgen levels between stabled and free-ranging Polish Konik stallions. Gen Comp Endocrinol 168: 455-459. Paglia DE, Valentine WN (1967) Studies on the quantitative and qualitative characterization of erythrocyte glutathione

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Lana Pađen, Tomislav Gomerčić, Martina Đuras, Haidi Arbanasić and Ana Galov

References 1. Croatian Livestock Center, Central Federation of Horse Breeders of Croatian Posavina horse breed- SSHP: The breeding program of the Croatian Posavina horse breed. Zagreb. 2004, 4. 2. Ljubesic J, Seles J, Sukalic M: The present population of Cold-blood horses in the northwest region of Croatia. Veterinarski Glasnik 1982, 36: 969-977. 3. Mason IL: A World Dictionary of Livestock Breeds, Types and Varieties, 4th Ed, CAB International, 1996, 140. 4. Cacic M, Kolaric S, Mladjenovic M

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T. Kuzmina

. - P. 185-192. Bucknell D. G., Gasser R. B., Beveridge I. The prevalence and epidemiology of gastrointestinal parasites of horses in Victoria, Australia // Int. J. Parasitol. - 1995. - 25. - P. 711-724. Chapman M. R., French D. D., Klei T. R. Gastrointestinal helminths of ponies in Louisiana; a comparison of species currently prevalent with those present 20 years ago // J. of Parasitol. - 2002. - 88. - P. 1130-1134. Collobert-Laugier C., Hoste H., Sevin C., Dorchies P. Prevalence

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Tomasz Ząbek, Ewelina Semik, Agnieszka Fornal and Monika Bugno-Poniewierska

. , Trono K . , Willems L. (2013). Massive depletion of bovine leukemia virus proviral clones located in genomic transcriptionally active sites during primary infection. PLoS Pathog., 9: e1003687. Guo S.W, Thompson . E.A. (1992). Performing the exact test of Hardy-Weinberg proportion for multiple alleles. Biometrics, 48: 361-372 Hamanova K., Majzlik I., GlasnakV., Schröffelowa D. (2001). Characterization and comparison of some horse breeds in Czech Republic as based on microsatellite markers polymorphism. Anim. Sci. Pap. Rep., 19: 219

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Paweł Różański, Brygida Ślaska and Dorota Różańska

.T., Khosravi A.R., Havareshti P. (2007). Mycoflora of cervicovaginal fluids in dairy cows with or without reproductive disorders. Mycopathologia, 164: 97-100. Horse Feeding Standards. Collaborative work. (1997). Institute of Physiology and Animal Nutrition, Polish Academy of Sciences, Jabłonna. Kano R., Makimura K., Kushida T., Nomura M., Yamaguchi H., Hasegawa A. (2000). First isolation of Stephanoascus ciferrii fromacat. Microbiol. Immunol., 44: 711-713. Pfaller M.A., Diekema D.J. (2010). Epidemiology of invasive mycoses in

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K. Slivinska, V. Kharchenko, Z. Wróblewski, J. Gawor and T. Kuzmina

Introduction Polish primitive horses or the Polish Konik horse (Equus caballus gmelini Antonius form silvatica Vetulani) is the primitive horse breed originating directly from the tarpans ( Pruski, 1959 ; Pruski & Jaworowska, 1963 ; Kownacki, 1984 ; Pasicka, 2013 ). This semiwild breed of horse is a natural relic and a precious part of Poland’s and Europe’s heritage. Due to their small numbers these horses are classified as an endangered breed and have been included into the program for protection of threatened local breeds ( Jaworski, 2007

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U. Pasławska, D. Zyśko, A. Noszczyk-Nowak and R. Pasławski

References Alidadi N, Dezfouli MRM, Nadalian MG, Rezakhani A, Nouroozian I ( 2002 ) The ECG of the Turkman horse using the standard lead base apex. J Equine Sci 22: 182-184. Arai Y, Saul JP, Albrecht P, Hartley LH, Lilly LS, Cohen RJ, Colucci WAS ( 1989 ) Modulation of cardiac autonomic activity during and immediately after exercise. Am J Physiol 256: H 132-141 Berger RD ( 2003 ) QT variability. J Electrocardiol. 36 (Suppl): 83-87. Fazio F, Ferrantelli V

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A. Stopyra, P. Sobiech and A. Wacławska-Matyjasik

References Aguilera-Tejero E, Estepa JC, Lopez I, Bas S, Mayer-Valor R, Rodriguez M ( 2000 ) Quantitative analysis of acid-base balance in show jumpers before and after exercise. Res Vet Sci 68: 103-108. Auer DE, Skelton KV, Tay S, Baldock FC ( 1993) Detection of bicarbonate administration (milkshake) in standardbred horses. Aust Vet J 70: 336-340. Bergero D, Assenza A, Caola G ( 2005 ) Contribution to our knowledge of the physiology and metabolism of endurance horses. Livest Prod Sci 92: 167

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M.P. Szczepanik, P.M. Wilkołek, Ł.R. Adamek, M. Pluta, M. Gołyński, W. Sitkowski, G. Kalisz, I. Taszkun and Z.J.H Pomorski


Non-invasive methods of skin condition assessment include, among others, the evaluation of transepidermal water loss (TEWL). The aim of the study was to examine whether TEWL values depend on horse breed. The study was conducted on four breeds: “Felin” ponies (FP) (n=16), Polish koniks (PK) (n=15), Polish cold-blooded horses (PcbH) (n=11) and Wielkopolska horses (WH) (n=12). It was found that horse breed influences TEWL values. In the neck region, statistically significant differences were found between PK and FP (p=0.006), and PK and WH (p=0.0005). In the lumbar region, there were statistically significant differences between FP and PK (p=0.0009), FP and PcbH (p=0.0016) as well as between PK and WH (p=0.000037), and PcbH and WH (p=0.0006). In the inguinal region statistically significant differences were found between FP and PK (p=0.0003), FP and PcbH (p=0.0005), PK and WH (p=0.009) and PcbH and WH (p=0.006). In the lip region statistically significant differences were observed between FP and PK (p=0.013) as well as between PK and PcbH (p=0.029) and PK and WH (p=0.009). In the examination of TEWL animal breed should be taken into consideration. The non-significant differences found in three of the examined body regions may suggest that these regions are the most adequate for TEWL assessment.