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Chajchawan Nakhakes, Somluk Jaruluxananan, Yuthana Saengsuda and Sureerat Saengsuda

geographic area, dietary calcium intake, and ethnicity, we cannot assume the same prevalence in Thailand as in Mediterranean Europe and the Middle East. The objective of this study was to measure the prevalence of osteoporosis in patients with nonmajor thalassemia in Thailand. Osteoporosis is a prominent cause of morbidity in children and adults of both sexes with thalassemia [ 4 - 6 ]. Pathogenesis of thalassemia-induced osteoporosis (TIO) involves ineffective erythropoiesis and bone marrow expansion, endocrine complications, iron overload and iron chelation therapy

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Minshan Hu, Zhengke Li and Ding Zhi Fang

References 1. Margolis S, Dobs AS. Nutritional management of plasma lipid disorders. J Am Coll Nutr. 1989; 8 Suppl: 33S-45S. 2. Perez-Jimenez F, Lopez-Miranda J, Mata P. Protective effect of dietary monounsaturated fat on arteriosclerosis: beyond cholesterol. Atherosclerosis. 2002; 163:385-98. 3. Dreon DM, Fernstrom HA, Miller B, Krauss RM. Low-density lipoprotein subclass patterns and lipoprotein response to a reduced-fat diet in men. Faseb J. 1994; 8:121-6. 4. Kasim-Karakas SE, Almario RU

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Katerina D. Simeonova, Krassimir D. Dimitrov and Nikolay D. Danchev

, Neves MF, et al. Effects of low dietary magnesium intake on development of hypertension in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats: role of reactive oxygen species. J Hypertens. 2002;20(11):2221-32. 12. Laurant P, Robin S, Berthelot A. Magnesium deficiency increases vasoconstrictor activity without affecting blood pressure of aged spontaneously hypertensive rats. Magnes Res. 1997;10(2):107-17. 13. Altura BM, Altura BT, Gebrewold A, Ising H, Günther T. Noise-induced hypertension and magnesium in rats: relationship to microcirculation and calcium. J

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Juraiporn Somboonwong, Khunkhong Huchaiyaphum, Onanong Kulaputana and Phisit Prapunwattana

. 1986 250 R1003 6 27 Palmquist DL. The role of dietary fats in efficiency of ruminants. J Nutr. 1994; 124:1377S-82S. Palmquist DL. The role of dietary fats in efficiency of ruminants J Nutr. 1994 124 1377S 82S 28 Choi BR, Palmquist DL. High fat diets increase plasma cholecystokinin and pancreatic polypeptide, and decrease plasma insulin and feed intake in lactating cows. J Nutr. 1996; 126:2913-9. Choi BR Palmquist DL. High fat diets increase plasma cholecystokinin and pancreatic polypeptide, and decrease plasma insulin and feed intake in

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Maria Szpetnar, Anna Hordyjewska, Iwona Malinowska, Piotr Golab and Jacek Kurzepa

Neurother ., 14, 173, 2014. 11. Nagata C. et al.: Dietary intakes of glutamic Acid and glycine are associated with stroke mortality in Japanese adults. J Nutr ., 145, 720, 2015. 12. Newsholme P. et al.: New insights into amino acid metabolism, beta-cell function and diabetes. Clin Sci (Lond). , 108, 185, 2005. 13. Phang J.M. et al.: Proline metabolism and cancer: emerging links to glutamine and collagen. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. , 18, 71, 2015. 14. Raman K., Pare G.: Of stroke and biomarkers: the elusive quest for a clinical biomarker

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Mariana Genova, B. Atanasova, I. Ivanova, K. Todorova and D. Svinarov

References 1. Diagnostic criteria and classification of hyperglycaemia first detected in pregnancy (WHO/NMH/ MND/13.2). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2013. 2. Beckmann CRB, Ling F, Herbert WNP et al. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 7th ed. Baltimore; Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2014. 3. Bowers K, Yeung E, Williams MA et al. A prospective study of prepregnancy dietary iron intake and risk for gestational diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care 2011;34 (7):1557-63. 4. Ganz T, Nemeth E. Hepcidin and

Open access

Miroslaw Aleksander Slawinski, Ewelina Wawryk-Gawda, Michal Konrad Zarobkiewicz, Pawel Halczuk and Barbara Jodlowska-Jedrych

REFERENCES 1. Bailey RL, Saldanha LG, Gahche JJ, Dwyer JT. Estimating caffeine intake from energy drinks and dietary supplements in the United States. Nutr Rev. 2014 Oct;72:9-13. 2. Lara B, Gonzalez-Millán C, Salinero JJ, Abian-Vicen J, Areces F, Barbero-Alvarez JC, et al. Caffeine-containing energy drink improves physical performance in female soccer players. Amino Acids. 2014 May;46(5):1385-92. 3. Usman A, Bhombal ST, Jawaid A, Zaki S. Energy drinks consumption practices among medical students of a Private sector University of Karachi

Open access

Thanyaphon Khammeree, Ratana Vichiansiri, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth and Nuttaset Manimmanakorn

, thyroid hormone, or vitamin D. Eligible patients provided written informed consent before participating. The anonymity of the data received was assured. All patients who met the study criteria were interviewed and checked for vitamin D levels. One of the authors (TK) interviewed all patients regarding baseline characteristics including SCI data, history of dietary intake, history of sunlight exposure, and history of sunscreen use. Sources and frequency of vitamin D and calcium dietary consumption were evaluated for the previous six months. These were classified as

Open access

Z. Tajabadi, M. E. Akbari and A. A. Hafez

and lifestyle risk factors of gastric cancer. Arch Irani Med. 2013;16(6):358-65. 14. Brenner DR, Wozniak MB, Feyt C et al. Physical activity and risk of pancreatic cancer in a central European multicenter case-control study. CCC. 2014;25(6):669-81. 15. Bailie L, Loughrey MB, Coleman HG. Lifestyle Risk Factors for Serrated Colorectal Polyps: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Gastroenterology. 2017;152(1):92-104. 16. Mahfouz EM, Sadek RR, Abdel-Latief WM et al. The role of dietary and lifestyle factors in the development of colorectal cancer

Open access

Władysław Lasoń and Monika Leśkiewicz

aged blueberry-fed rats are found centrally and may enhance memory. Nutr. Neurosci., 2005, 8: 111–120. Beking K. and Vieira A.: Flavonoid intake and disabilityadjusted life years due to Alzheimer's and related dementias: a population-based study involving twenty-three developed countries . Public Health Nutr., 2010, 13: 1403–1409. Commenges D., Scotet V., Renaud S., Jacqmin-Gadda H., Barberger-Gateau P., Dartigues J.F.: Intake of flavonoids and risk of dementia . Eur. J. Epidemiol., 2000, 16: 357–363. Crozier A., Jaganath I.B., Clifford M