and Poverty in Guatemala (World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, No. 3418), Washington: World Bank. Adams, H.R. (2006). Remittances and Poverty in Ghana (World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, No. 34838), Washington: World Bank. Adams, H.R. & Page, J. (2005). Do International Migration and Remittances Reduce Poverty in Developing Countries? World Development, 33 (10), 1645-1669. Bertoli, S. & Marchetta, F. (2014). Migration, Remittances and Poverty in Ecuador. The Journal of Development Studies, 50 (8), 1067
Bulletin (3/2016). In: http://www.visegradgroup.eu/visegrad-bulletin-3-2016; Joint Statement of V4 Interior Ministers on the Establishment of the Migration Crisis Response Mechanism. In: http://www.visegradgroup.eu/calendar/2016/joint-statement-of-v4; The Visegrad Group Joint Statement on the Western Balkans, In: http://www.visegradgroup.eu/calendar/2016/the-visegrad-group-joint; Visegrad Bulletin 1 (4)/2017. Review of the most important events of the Polish V4 Presidency from December 3rd, 2016 to March 7th, 2017 - http
Andra Maria Brezniceanu
The unaccompanied or separated minor is, according to the European Union body of legislation regarding asylum and migration, one of the extremely vulnerable categories of persons, and the risk of vulnerability is amplified in the case of the unaccompanied or separated minor - asylum seeker. Ever since the EU pre-accession period Romanian legislation reconciled, according to the European model, the requirements of the rules on migration with humanism provisions in the field of child rights. The images in the media about the migratory flows in recent years have revealed a system that requires imperatively legislative changes, adapting procedures, innovative work tools, including the case of the unaccompanied minor asylum seeker. In this article I intend to analyze the existing legislative framework in Romania, highlighting the positive aspects of the law and those which I believe that should be reconsidered so that the interests of the minor in the asylum procedure to be properly protected.
Inga Minelgaite, Þóra H. Christiansen and Erla S. Kristjánsdóttir
Human Decision Processes 105: 52-66. doi: 10.1016/j. obhdp.2006.09.008 Bryman. A., and Bell. E. 2007. Business Research Methods, 2nd edition. Oxford: OUP. Burgelt, P.T., Morgan, M., and Pernice, R. 2008. Staying or returning: Pre-migration influences on the migration process of German migrants to New Zealand. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology 18: 282-298. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.924 Cerdin, J., Diné, M. A., and Brewster, Ch. 2014. Qualified immigrants’ success: Exploring the motivation to migrate and to integrate. Journal of
The paper is of theoretical and empirical character. It outlines considerations and studies pertaining to the perception of organizational culture of Austrian companies by Polish emigrants. When undertaking employment abroad, emigrants face a challenge of adapting to a new environment. The adaptation pertains to several aspects. Organizational culture is one of these. Therefore, the following research problem arises: What is the organizational culture of Austrian enterprises like?, and, Do emigrants experience problems with the cultural adaptation? Interviews with 40 Poles who worked a minimum of 5 years in Austria were conducted. The interviews revealed that respondents believed the organizational culture of Austrian companies was characterized by low power distance, individualism, activity, and status based upon achievements. The straightforward analysis was difficult to be made with regard to several values. This is true for low vs. high uncertainty tolerance, people vs. task focus, and focus on the outside vs. inside. The identified organizational culture of Austrian enterprises did not pose a significant barrier for respondents.
Andi Mihail Băncilă
Demographic changes that currently affect the planet are not fully new, they have continued throughout history, managing to influence geographical areas and making changes to individuals’ lifestyle. The phenomenon of international migration has become a topical issue in 2015 with the increasing number of asylum seekers on the territory of the European Union. This special event raised new questions about the socio-economic evolution of the European continent, with problems being signaled both from the perspective of newcomers and permanent residents of this space. The main task that the political authorities of the member states of the community block have over the next years is to identify a solution through which to achieve appropriate and long-term integration of newcomers, many of them belonging to different cultures of the majority population.
Due to the internationalization of Polish enterprises, it is appropriate to look at the tendency of managers to take up business and compete in the global labor market. The purpose of this article that is of theoretical and empirical character, is, therefore, an attempt to evaluate the mobility of Polish managers, or their willingness to change their place of work outside the home country. The matrix is a theoretical discussion of the importance of mobility for today’s corporations. Empiricism refers to the author’s own research (these are telephone interviews with 15 managers and two expert opinions) carried out for such this article, and also presented the results of the exploration of other researchers addressing these topics.
Robert Majkut, Jacek Pluta and Radosław Rybczyński
. 13. Koryś P., Okólski M. (2004), Czas globalnych migracji. Mobilność międzynarodowa w perspektywie globalizacji , „Prace Migracyjne”, No. 55, Instytut Studiów Społecznych, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Warszawa. 14. Kubiciel-Lodzińska S. (2012) Imigracja zarobkowa do województwa opolskiego. Skala, warunki i perspektywy , Oficyna Wydawnicza, Opole. 15. Lesińska M. (2001), Migracje we współczesnej analizie politologicznej – niewykorzystany potencjał , Ośrodek Badań nad Migracjami, Centre of Migration Research, 47/105. 16. Łodziński S. (2013
References  Convention and Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees. http://www.unhcr.org/3b66c2aa10.html (available on 10.03.2016).  Gotev, G. Visegrad countries trigger crisis ahead of EU refugee summit. 22.09.2015. http://www.euractiv.com/section/justice-home-affairs/news/visegrad-countries-trigger-crisis-ahead-of-eu-refugee-summit/ (available on 18.03.2016).  Refugee quotas ‘unacceptable’ for Visegrad states. 4.09.2015. https://euobserver.com/migration/130122 (available on 18.03.2016).  Central European PMs reject
Tadeusz Ratajczak, Elżbieta Hycnar and Piotr Bożęcki
Disposal sites for both industrial and communal waste are hazardous for the natural environment due to the accumulated materials and their chemical, physical and biological transformations. The products of these processes migrating at a significant distance contaminate mainly underground waters, surface waters and soils. The spreading of the pollutants may be prevented by horizons of clay rocks that form natural geological barriers. The clay rocks of properly selected parameters may be used in the environmental engineering for constructing artificial water-sealing layers. The mineral, chemical, physico-chemical and physico-mechanical properties of the beidellite clays occurring within the lignite deposit in Bełchatów were studied to find out whether they meet the criteria of waterproofing engineering contained in the Polish recommendations and instructions. The results indicate that the beidellite clays of Bełchatów are rocks suitable for this kind of environmental engineering and may be used in constructing the barriers preventing the migration of effluents from landfills.