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Protective effects of quercetin and vitamin C against nicotine-induced toxicity in the blood of Wistar rats

toxicity, oxidative damage, histological changes and haematotoxicity in male rats: the protective effects of green tea extract. Exp Toxicol Pathol 2015;67:253-9. doi: 10.1016/j.etp.2015.01.001. 4. Ahmed MA, Hassan KH, Hassanein KM, Waly H. Role of vitamin C and selenium in attenuation of nicotine induced oxidative stress, P53 and Bcl2 expression in adult rat spleen. Pathophysiology 2014;21:211-7. doi: 10.1016/j. pathophys.2014.07.003. 5. Li Y, Yu C, Shen G, Li G, Shen J, Xu Y, Gong J. Sirt3- MnSOD axis represses nicotine

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Impact of Different Packaging Systems on Selected Antioxidant Properties of Frozen-Stored Broccoli

diseases. Trends Pharmacol Sci. 2017;38:592-607. DOI: 10.1016/j.tips.2017.04.005. [10] Figueroa-Méndez R, Rivas-Arancibia S. Vitamin C in health and disease: its role in the metabolism of cells and redox state in the brain. Front Physiol. 2015;6:397. DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2015.00397. [11] Padayatty SJ, Levine M. Vitamin C: the known and the unknown and goldilocks. Oral Dis. 2016;22:463-493. DOI: 10.1111/odi.12446. [12] Young A, Lowe G. Carotenoids - antioxidant properties. Antioxidants. 2018;7:28. DOI: 10.3390/antiox7020028. [13] Fuentes F, Paredes

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Oxidative Stress in Hemodialysis Patients: Pathophysiological Mechanisms, Clinical Consequences and Basic Principles of Treatment

). Dialysis water and fluid purity: more than endotoxin. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 27(11), 4010-21. DOI: 10.1093/ndt/gfs306. 11. Aziz MA, Majeed GH, Diab KS, et al. (2016). The association of oxidant-antioxidant status in patients with chronic renal failure. Ren Fail. 38(1), 20-6. DOI: 10.3109/0886022X.2015.1103654. 12. Handelman GJ. (2007). Vitamin C deficiency in dialysis patients - are we perceiving the tip of an iceberg? Nephrol Dial Transplant. 22(2), 328-31. DOI: 10.1093/ndt/gfl534. 13. Zalba G, Fortuño A, Diez J. (2006). Oxidative stress and

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Vitamin C, Phenolic Compounds and Antioxidant Capacity of Broccoli Florets Grown under Different Nitrogen Treatments Combined with Selenium

of the integral antioxidant capacity of baobab products. Food Chem., 2007, 102, 1352-1356. 4. Domínguez-Perles R., García-Viguera C., Moreno D.A., Brassica foods as a dietary source of vitamin C: a review. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr., 2014, 54, 1076-1091. 5. Ducsay L., Ložek O., Varga L., The infl uence of selenium soil application on its content in spring wheat. Plant Soil Env., 2009, 55, 80-84. 6. Elwan M.W.M., Abd El Hamed K.E., Infl uence of nitrogen form, growing season and sulfur fertilization on yield and the

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Evaluation of the yield and some components in the fruit of blue honeysuckle (Lonicera caerulea var. edulis Turcz. Freyn.)

Abstract

The experiment was carried out in the Garlica Murowana Experimental Station of University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland, between 2005 and 2008. Fruit yield, mass of 100 berries, content of total soluble solids, vitamin C, anthocyanins and titratable acidity were estimated. It was shown that ‘Atut’ honeysuckle started vegetation, flowering and cropping periods earlier than ‘Duet’. However, greater marketable yield and mass of 100 berries were obtained for ‘Duet’. ‘Atut’ fruit revealed a significantly higher content of anthocyanins. The studied honeysuckle cultivars did not differ if estimated on the basis of total soluble solids and vitamin C content in the fruit.

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Response of Chinese cabbage grown in the spring season to differentiated forms of nitrogen fertilisation

Response of Chinese cabbage grown in the spring season to differentiated forms of nitrogen fertilisation

In the experiment carried out in the Experimental Station belonging to the Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences in 2004-2006, we estimated the effect of the type of the nitrogen fertiliser (ammonium nitrate, calcium nitrate, ammonium sulfate, urea and ENTEC 26) applied as preplant (150 kg N ha-1) or split dose (100 + 50 kg N ha-1) on the yield and dry matter content, nitrates, vitamin C and P, K, Mg, Ca in ‘Optiko’ Chinese cabbage cultivated during the spring season. The highest total and marketable yield of Chinese cabbage was recorded after the use of urea, which was partly associated with the lowest percentage of diseased heads. Plants fertilised with ammonium sulfate provided the lowest yield. The method of nitrogen application significantly affected the yield and the mean weight of individual heads in the marketable yield, but not the accumulation of nitrates and vitamin C. The lowest accumulation of nitrates was associated with the use of ammonium sulfate and ENTEC 26, whereas the highest with urea. The use of calcium nitrate at a single dose of 150 kg N ha-1 led to the highest accumulation of vitamin C in Chinese cabbage leaves. The levels of P, K, Mg and Ca showed only small changes and were not significantly affected by the type of nitrogen fertiliser or the method of its application.

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Evaluation of European Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus L.) genotypes for agro-morphological, biochemical and bioactive characteristics in Turkey

Abstract

The study evaluated some agro-morphological (fruit weight, fruit flesh ratio, fruit skin colour, number of fruits per raceme, number of racemes per bush), biochemical (vitamin C, soluble solids content, organic acids), and bioactive (total phenolics, total anthocyanins, total flavonoids, and antioxidant capacity) characteristics of the fruit of a number of selected European Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus L.) genotypes grown in the Sivas province of Turkey. To evaluate the antioxidant capacity, ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays were performed. The results showed genotype-specific differences in most of the agro-morphological, biochemical and bioactive characteristics. The range of fruit weight, number of fruits per raceme, and number of racemes per bush was between 0.67 and 0.82 g, 40.7 and 57.1, and 470 and 581, respectively. The highest vitamin C and soluble solids contents were found in the fruits of genotypes SIV-9 and SIV-6 as 39 mg per 100 g and 12.6%, respectively. Tartaric acid was the main organic acid in all the genotypes; it ranged from 120 to 144 mg per 100 g of fruit FW. Total phenolic, total anthocyanin and total flavonoid contents ranged from 621 to 987 mg gallic acid equivalents per 100 g, 15 to 51 mg cyanidin-3-rutinoside equivalents per 100 g, and 202 to 318 mg rutin equivalents per 100 g, respectively. Genotype SIV-10 had the highest antioxidant capacity (34.90 μmol Trolox per g, based on FRAP assays). The present study shows the potential of the evaluated European Cranberrybush genotypes for improving the nutritional value through germplasm enhancement programmes.

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The Effect of Biostimulant and Fertilizer on “Low Input” Lettuce Production

. (Anacardiaceae). Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 50, 91–99. Horvat, T., Poljak, M., Lazarević, B. Svečnjak, Z, Hanaček, K., 2014: Effect of foliar fertilizers on physiological characteristics of potato. Romanian Agricultural Research 31, 159–165. Isherwood, K. F., 2000: Mineral fertilizer use and the environment. International Fertilizer Industry Association, United Nations Environment Programme, Paris, 7–8. Ismail, A., Fun, C. S., 2003: Determination of vitamin C, β-carotene and riboflavin contents in five green vegetables organically and

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Influence of Heat Treatment Methods on Bioactive Compound Concentrations in Pumpkin – Guelder Rose (Viburnum opulus) Sauces

Publishers 2011. Available from: http://www.crcnetbase.com (accessed 2 October 2016) DOI: 10.1201/b11436-5. Martínez-Hernández, G. B., Artés-Hernández, F., Colares-Souza, F., Gómez, P. A., García-Gómez, P., Artés F. (2013). Innovative cooking techniques for improving the overall quality of Kailan-Hybrid broccoli. Food Bioproc. Technol., 6 (8), 2135–2149. Moor, U., Karp, K., Poldma, P., Pae, A. (2005). Cultural systems affect content of anthocyanins and vitamin C in strawberry fruits. Eur. J. Horticult. Sci., 70 (4), 195–201. Noelia, J

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Negative Effect Of Camu-Camu (Myrciaria Dubia) Despite High Vitamin C Content On Iron Bioavailability, Using A Caco-2 Cell Model

. 4. Cook J.D., Monsen E.E., Vitamin C, the common cold, and iron absorption. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 1977, 30, 235-241. 5. Diaz M., Rosado J.L., Allen L.H, Arams S., Garcia O.P., The efficacy of a local ascorbic acid-rich food in improving iron absorption from Mexican diets: a field study using stable isotopes. Am.J. Clin. Nutr., 2003, 78, 436-440. 6. Endes Continua. Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar on Perú: Resultados de la encuesta demográfica y de salud familiar, 2009, [Online]. Available: [http

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