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Urine biomarkers in renal allograft

sodium hydrogen exchanger 3 (NHE3). The performance of these biomarkers was the best for the differential diagnosis of established AKI. Published data from the studies of serum and urinary biomarkers suggested that these biomarkers may have great potential to advance the fields of kidney transplantation. Many researchers discovered and redefined a serial of cytokines to influence the rate of renal survival after kidney allograft. Kim et al .[12] summarized that several urine biomarkers have been correlated with allograft injury, including NGAL, IL-18, cystatin C and

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Goat Milk Kefir Supplemented with Porang Glucomannan Improves Lipid Profile and Haematological Parameter in Rat Fed High Fat and High Fructose Diet

. Carbohydr. Polym 112: 475-479, 2014. 7. Keithley J, Swanson B . Glucomannan and obesity: a critical review. Altern Ther 11(6): 30-34, 2015. 8. Basmacıoglu H, Oguz, H, Ergul M, Col R, Birdane YO. Effect of dietary esterified glucomannan on performance, serum biochemistry and haematology in broilers exposed to aflatoxin. Czech J. Anim. Sci 50(1): 31–39, 2005. 9. Mallapa RH, Rokana N, Duary RK, Panwar H, Batish VK, Grover S . Management of metabolic syndrome through probiotic and prebiotic interventions. Indian J Endocrinol Metab 16(1): 20–27, 2012

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Assessment of Metabolic Syndrome and Clinical Significance of Brachial-Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Medical Research-India DIABetes (ICMR-INDIAB) study. Diabetologia 54: 3022–3027, 2011. 4. Guariguata L, Whiting DR, Hambleton I, Beagley J, Linnenkamp U, Shaw JE. Global estimates of diabetes prevalence for 2013 and projections for 2035. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 103: 137–149, 2014. 5. Simmons RK, Coleman RL, Price HC et al. Performance of the UK Prospective Diabetes Study risk engine and the Framingham risk equations in estimating cardiovascular disease in the EPIC- Norfolk Cohort. Diabetes Care 32: 708–713, 2009. 6. van Dieren S, Peelen LM

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The role of professionalism in clinical practice, medical education, biomedical research and health care administration

American College of Graduate Medical Education, have elevated professionalism as one of six core competencies that must be taught, inculcated, and assessed during undergraduate and graduate medical education. Satisfactory performance is required for graduation and board certification. Another important landmark is the Charter on Professionalism developed and published jointly by the American Board of Internal Medicine Foundation, the American College of Physicians and their European counterparts. Since publication, over 130 medical societies and organizations around the

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Clinical value of ultrasonography in diagnosis of pulmonary embolism in critically ill patients

group) [Chinese Experts’ Consensus on Critical Ultrasonography]. Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 2016 55 900 12 12 Nazerian P, Volpicelli G, Gigli C, Becattini C, Papa GF, Grifoni S, et al . Diagnostic Performance of Wells Score Combined With Point-of-care Lung and Venous Ultrasound in Suspected Pulmonary Embolism. Acad Emerg Med 2017; 24: 270-80. 10.1111/acem.13130 Nazerian P Volpicelli G Gigli C Becattini C Papa GF Grifoni S Diagnostic Performance of Wells Score Combined With Point-of-care Lung and Venous Ultrasound in Suspected Pulmonary Embolism Acad Emerg Med 2017 24

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Post-intensive care syndrome: An overview

Schmidt M, Azoulay E. Having a loved one in the ICU: the forgotten family. Curr Opin Crit Care 2012;18:540-7. 10.1097/MCC.0b013e328357f141 Schmidt M Azoulay E. Having a loved one in the ICU: the forgotten family Curr Opin Crit Care 2012 18 540 7 5 Needham DM, Dinglas VD, Morris PE, Jackson JC, Hough CL, Mendez-Tellez PA, et al . Physical and cognitive performance of patients with acute lung injury 1 year after initial trophic versus full enteral feeding. EDEN trial follow-up. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2013; 188:567-76. 10.1164/rccm.201304-0651OC Needham

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Decreased regional left ventricular myocardial strain in type 1 diabetic children: a first sign of diabetic cardiomyopathy?

, DPB and MBP were expressed in mmHg. For patients with diabetes, diabetes duration (expressed in years) was considered for each individual based on the full-attained age on the first day of insulin therapy. Biochemistry Fasting blood samples were taken from the diabetic children to analyze HbA 1c , expressed in percentages. HbA 1c was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography (Tosoh Corporation, Tokyo, Japan). This study used the mean quarterly HbA 1c (mmol/mol, %) for the year prior to the study. Echocardiography Echocardiographic studies

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Effect of MTHFR A1298C and MTRR A66G genetic mutations on homocysteine levels in the Chinese population: a systematic review and meta-analysis

in Chinese. Hcy was measured by fluorescent polarization immunoassay,[ 14 , 22 , 24 ] high-performance liquid chromatography,[ 10 , 23 , 27 ] enzymatic cycle method,[ 12 , 19 , 20 , 26 ] chemiluminescence method,[ 18 ] and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.[ 25 ] Genotype was analyzed by fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction,[ 12 , 18 , 26 ] polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism,[ 10 , 14 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 , 27 ] ligase detection reaction,[ 19 ] iPLEX gold chemistry,[ 21 ] and taqman-minor groove binder

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A little help from steroids in oncology

-related symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and pain. Although steroids are not the drug of choice, they are part of the treatment and should not be avoided. Appetite Moertel et al . [ 5 ] reported a significant improvement in appetite in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of dexamethasone in 116 patients with advanced GI cancer after 4 weeks, although their weight did not increase. Improvements in depression, appetite, and food consumption also were observed. Strength was insignificantly improved, and performance status and survival were not different

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Clinical conundrums in management of sepsis in the elderly

of malglycemia on clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients with cancer: a review of the literature. Oncol Nurs Forum 2012;39:458-65. 63. Lee JS, Choi HS, Ko YG, Yun DH. Performance of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index in predicting 28-day hospital mortality in older adult patients with sepsis. Clin Nutr 2013;32:843-8. 64. Kagansky N, Levy S, Koren-Morag N, Berger D, Knobler H. Hypophosphataemia in old patients is associated with the refeeding syndrome and reduced survival. J Intern Med 2005;257:461-8. 65. Chen J

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