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sodium hydrogen exchanger 3 (NHE3). The performance of these biomarkers was the best for the differential diagnosis of established AKI. Published data from the studies of serum and urinary biomarkers suggested that these biomarkers may have great potential to advance the fields of kidney transplantation. Many researchers discovered and redefined a serial of cytokines to influence the rate of renal survival after kidney allograft. Kim et al . summarized that several urine biomarkers have been correlated with allograft injury, including NGAL, IL-18, cystatin C and
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, DPB and MBP were expressed in mmHg. For patients with diabetes, diabetes duration (expressed in years) was considered for each individual based on the full-attained age on the first day of insulin therapy.
Fasting blood samples were taken from the diabetic children to analyze HbA 1c , expressed in percentages. HbA 1c was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography (Tosoh Corporation, Tokyo, Japan). This study used the mean quarterly HbA 1c (mmol/mol, %) for the year prior to the study.
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Vishal Sehgal, Sukhminder Jit Singh Bajwa, John A. Consalvo and Anurag Bajaj
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