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Organization and Business Environment Collaborative Model to Increase the Innovation Capacity

Abstract

The research aims to identify a modern Business Process Management solution to simulate integrated coordination mechanisms with impact on organization’s innovation. From a scientific and socio-economic perspective, the article is aligned with the European innovation trend that supports organizations' preoccupation to introduce innovation and upgrading processes, technologies and business models. The issues that the author has identified and sought to find answers are to identify that mild method of Business Process Management that can be correlated with the dimensions of organizational innovation in areas such as: the organization's infrastructure, partnership between business members, innovation "inside". The second issue is to limit current approaches by analyzing the current state of knowledge. The research has been included within the boundaries of modeling and simulation of business process flows with impact on organizational innovation vectors. Thus, the paper proposes and presents a set of integrated processes of collaboration between the organization and the business environment using Business Process Management as an integrated coordination mechanism of the organization's innovation

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Industry-science collaboration in joint projects: harvesting potential of the RDI Information System for targeted innovation policy / Spolupráce podniků a znalostních institucí formou kolaborativních projektů: možnosti využití dat IS VaVaI pro cílenější podporu

References [1] Blažek, J. et al. (2011): Where does the knowledge for knowledge- -intensive industries come from? The case of biotech in Prague and ICT in Ostrava. European Planning Studies 19, 7, 1277-1303. [2] Blažek, J.; Žížalová, P. (2010): Biotechnology industry in metropolitan region of Prague: a cluster within a fragmented innovation system? Environment and Planning C 28, 5, 887-904. [3] Coe, N. et al. (2008): Introduction: global production network - debates and challenges. Journal of economic geography

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in ERGO
10. Creativity and Innovation in Visual Arts through Form and Space Having Symbolic Value

Abstract

The numerous plastic approaches of form in the 20th century are characterized by creativity and innovation. Form, as expression of an artistic language, is the cause and effect for the cultural evolution of a particular spatial-temporal area. The invention of forms depending on the factors which will impose them in a particular socio-cultural context and location environment is not everything. The challenges of the act of creation are far more complex. For the art of the 20th century, the role of the type of expression in visual or gestural language proved much more convincing and meaningful as to the data or phenomena occurring in immediate reality. The personality of the artist, his cultural character, his media coverage and exterior influences of his inner world, his preceding experiences and receiver’s contacts in a specific area are the factors that influence the relation between the work of art and the audience against a particular spatial-temporal background. The psychological and sensory processes in works of plastic art are spatially configured in structures, which leads to self-confession. The artist filters the information and the elements of exterior reality through the vision of his imagination and power of expression specific to his inner self, and turns them into values through the involvement of his state of mind. Constantin Brâncuşi is the sculptor whose role was considered exponential as he revolutionized modern artistic vision by integrating and creating space-form relations through symbol. Throughout his complex work - the Group of Monumental Sculptures of Tg. Jiu, the artist renewed the language of the sculpture-specific means of expression, though archaic forms, by restoring traditional art. Archetypes often make reference to the initial and ideal form and they represent the primitive and native models composing it. Form attracts, polarizes and integrates the energy of the matter outside the human body, and art acquires a unifying function for the senses of our spirit. We identify the forms developed by the junction between fantastic forms, the figments of the imagination of artists who communicate deep human meanings. They invite us in a world of constructive forms and mysteries, truly innovative and elaborate creations, by underlying different directions in the compositional space with symbolic value.

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Budget transparency innovation in the Czech local government

Abstract

Budget transparency innovations bring new extent and forms of transparency. The aim of the article is to explore the diffusion of budget explorers, that is, a budget transparency innovation extremely popular in the Czech Republic, and to evaluate their impact on voluntary budget information disclosed.

Careful mapping of the diffusion using a survey of budget explores in 72 former Czech district towns and media analysis shows that the key success factor was its convenience for politicians, as it is attractive, easy to implement and up-to-date demonstration of their transparency. Budget explorers are nowadays a standard extension to accounting software, and their usage is evaluated in several government transparency competitions.

The major benefit of the budget explorers is that they made for the first time publicly available detailed public financial information, changed the standard of best practice and drew some public attention. At the same time, they, unfortunately, narrowed the scope of the budget transparency debate by omitting the importance of the draft budget and introduction of performance measurement.

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Efficiency of regional innovation policy tools: Support of innovative business in the South Moravian Region

Abstract

During 15 years of implementation of the Regional Innovation Strategy of South Moravia, the support of innovative business evolved into a set of interconnected programmes for startups and innovative companies with a potential of growth and foreign expansion. Programmes of the South Moravian Innovation Centre (JIC) facilitate creation and development of technology oriented companies in the region, highly concentrated in prioritised high-tech branches corresponding with specialisation of the regional economy (IT, mechanical engineering etc.). Growth of highly qualified jobs (mainly in R&D) in these companies contributes to the increasing orientation of the region on knowledge intensive branches of economy. Emerging companies supported by the JIC show in average a longer lifespan and growth dynamics than comparable newly established companies in the region without this support. Realisation of the programmes also significantly contributes to building of high quality business environment in the region. Problematic aspects of support to innovative business in the South Moravian Region are linked mainly with poor network of investors able to stimulate faster growth of startups, with low motivation of university students to start their own business or with emerging dichotomy in the support of knowledge intensive businesses concentrated in Brno and insufficiently supported businesses with lower knowledge intensity, also operating in priority branches of the regional economy.

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in ERGO
Innovative and Traditional Elements in the Work of Academic Staff: The Views of Pre-service Teachers

References Alange, S., Jacobsson, S., & Jarnehammar, A. (1998). Some aspects of an analytical framework for studying the diffusion of organizational innovations. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 10(1), 3-21. Baltušīte, R. (2012). The pedagogy students' readiness for professional activities in the school environment (Synopsis of the doctoral dissertation, Latvia University of Agriculture, Latvia). Retrieved June 3, 2015, from http

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The Sustainable Territorial Innovation of “Inner Peripheries.” The Lazio Region (Italy) Case

Abstract

This methodological, policy-focused paper firstly defines the concept of “sustainable territorial innovation” and its operationalisation according to the strategic objectives of Europe 2020. Statistical processing was based on 26 indicators, which helped to perform a multivariate analysis and allowed to identify ten groups of municipalities characterised in terms of the territorial sustainable innovation idea. Their GIS spatial distribution has led authors to combine them with the set of indicators proposed by the Italian Government in the UE Cohesion Policy 2014–2020 perspective. The paper also addresses the constraints and opportunities for urban and peri-urban policies within new scenarios.

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Innovation Safety Management by Shaping the Law on Non-Practising Entities (Patent Trolls) in the USA and EU

Abstract

In a knowledge-based economy, innovation resulting from R & D activities and subsequent management of their legal safety are of particular importance. Incorrect patent law can lead to abuse in the area of innovation security on a large scale through the activities of the NPE organization (patent trolls). This phenomenon is particularly noticeable in the US while in the EU it is at a negligible level.

The aim of the article is to demonstrate and prove by using comparative literature and documents analysis of US and EU, that inappropriate law leads to violations of innovation safety through the unhampered activity of patent trolls, while a change of the law to more restrictive law is a right step to reduce the patent trolling. On the other hand, the author proves that in an area with a less liberal definition of patentability, there are no many violations of innovation safety through patent trolling.

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Innovative Administrative Procedure Law: Mission Impossible ?

References Auby, Jean-Bernard (ed.). 2014. Codifi cation of Administrative Procedure. Bruxelles: Bruylant. Bučar, Maja and Metka Stare. 2003. Inovacijska politika male tranzicijske države [Innovation Policy of Small Transition Country]. Ljubljana: Faculty of Social Sciences. Cardona, Francisco P. and Annke Freibert. 2007. “Th e European Administrative Space and Sigma Assessments of EU Candidate Countries.” Croatian Public Administration 7(1), 51 - 59. de Vries, Hanna, Victor Bekkers and Lars

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Students′ Literary Theater as an Educational Innovation in the Context of Ukrainian and Foreign Experience

Abstract

The article analyzes the process of future teachers-philologists′ training in an innovative educational environment. The novelty of educational technology which includes the implementation of innovative ideas of modern education by introducing competencybased approach has been justified. It has been stated that the purpose of the students′ theatrical, cultural and educational project is the integration of knowledge, application of updated knowledge, acquisition of new knowledge. The attention has been focused on the basic tasks and functions of the students’ literary theater as the original educational innovation in solving the problem of improving the quality of teachers-philologists; creating a favourable academic atmosphere for disclosure of intellectual and creative potential of students, self-identity through art and aesthetic, educational, organizational activities. Interactive methods of forming harmonious personality, a citizen-patriot, a professional specialist, a teacher-innovatorby means of students′ literary theater have been shown. Based on the analysis of the transformation processes in the context of education in the Ukrainian and foreign experience and the results of the pedagogical experiment, we have concluded that the use of theatrical arts and theater pedagogy in the professional training is one of the effective ways of reforming the European education. “Added value” of a modernized Ukrainian University is a students′ literary theater, which provides participants of project’s creative activity with methods of mastering education standards and learning life-giving meaning. The model of I-concept of the future teacher-philologist called “Innovation Man of the 21st Century” has been offered.

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