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Skeletal evidence of Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH) in a collective burial from Byzantine Greece

the auricular surface of the ilium: a new method for the determination of the adult skeletal age at death. Am J Phys Anthropol 68(1):15-28. Lukacs JR. 1989. Dental Paleopathology: Methods for Reconstructing Dietary Patterns. In: MY İşcan, KAR Kennedy, editors. Reconstruction of Life from the Skeleton. Alan R. Liss, New York. 261-86. Maat GJR. 2005. Two Millennia of Male Stature Development and Population Health and Wealth in the Low Countries. Int J Osteoarchaeol 15(4):276-90. Mader R. 2003. Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis: a Distinct

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When maize is not the first choice: advances in paleodietary studies in the Archaeological Site Río Doncellas (Jujuy, Argentina)

Puna. Publicación, 1: 3-21. Jujuy, Ottonello de García Reinoso MM, Ruthsatz B. 1982. Environment, human settlement, and agricultura in the Puna de Jujuy, Argentina. A case study of land-use change. Mountain Research and Development 2 (1): 111-126. Panarello HO, García CM, Valencio SA, Linares E. 1980. Determinación de la composición isotópica del carbono en carbonatos, su utilización en Hidrogeología y Geología. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina. XXXV, 4, 460-466. Buenos Aires. Pérez M, Killian Galván VA

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Sex determination from femora in late antique sample from Eastern Adriatic coast (Salona necropolis)

Sci Int 192(1):127.e1-127.e6. Gibbon V, Paximadis M, Štrkalj G, Ruff P, Penny C. 2009. Novel methods of molecular sex identification from skeletal tissue using the amelogenin gene. Forensic Sci Int Genet 3(2):74-79. Gibbon VE. 2009. Development of molecular sex determination methods and their application to archaeological material sourced from the Raymond Dart collection of human skeletons [PhD Thesis]. [Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg]. İşcan MY, Steyn M. 2013. The human skeleton in

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Association of FTO gene with obesity in Polish schoolchildren

and correlation of mRNA expression in the PFC with body weight in rats. Eur J Hum Genet 20:192-97. Rosset I, Roślak M, Grabowska J, Borowska- Strugińska B, Lorkiewicz W, Sitek A, et al. 2009. The state of physical development of children in Łódź. In: Żądzińska E, editor. Dziecko łódzkie 2004. Normy rozwoju biologicznego. Łódź: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego. 39-142. Rosskopf D, Schwahn C, Neumann F, Bornhorst A, Rimmbach C, Mischke M, et al. 2011. The growth hormone - IGF-I axis as a mediator for the association between FTO

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Forensic casework in contemporary perspective

Abstract

Recent developments have changed forensic casework in largely positive ways. New technology, expanded databases, enhanced statistical treatment and improved laboratory procedures enable better interpretation of evidentiary analysis and more thoughtful summaries presented in reports and testimony. Increased scrutiny has focused attention on the need for advancement in forensic science through research and structural adjustments.

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Physical growth of preterm girls with visual impairment

, 1995, Body development and physique of visually impaired children. Proceeedings of the 7 th Tartu International Anthropological Conference, 29 May - 2 June, Tartu; pp. 36-46. Cutfield W.S., F.A. Regan, W.E. Jackson, C.A. Jefferies, E.W. Robinson, M. Harris, P.L. Hofman, 2004, The endocrine consequences for very low birth weight premature infants , Growth. Horm. IGF. Res. , 14 , S130-S135. Hales C.N., D.J.P. Barker, 1992, Type 2 (noninsulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus: The thrifty phenotype hypothesis

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Body height differentiation by season of birth: Girls from Cracow, Poland

midtrimester is associated with low birth weight , Australian New Zealand J. Obstetr. Gynecol. , 44 , 553-557 Fallis G., J. Hilditch, 1989, A comparison of seasonal variation in birthweights between rural Zaire and Ontario , Can. J. Pub. Health , 80 , 205-208 Gołąb S., 1992, Differentiation of the physical development in children and youth in relation to the socioeconomic and health status on the example of longitudinal studies in Nowa Huta, Poland , Acta Medica Auxologica , vol. 24 , 3

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The affinities of Homo antecessor – a review of craniofacial features and their taxonomic validity

Abstract

The phylogenetic affinities of Homo antecessor, a hominin dating from the early Middle Pleistocene of Europe, are still unclear. In this study we conducted a comprehensive review of the TD6 hypodigm within the context of the historical development of paleoanthropological issues concerning this species. H. antecessor, based on all available craniofacial features to date, displays a midfacial morphology very similar to specimens attributed to Classic Homo erectus, suggesting that H. antecessor is the geographical European variant of Classic H. erectus.

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Body composition and basal metabolic rate in pregnant women

Abstract

Pregnancy, a milieu of physiological and metabolic adaptation, is associated with enhanced basal metabolic rate by alteration in maternal tissue and metabolism to ensure foetal growth and development. A cross-sectional study of Indian Baniya females was conducted to assess the relationship between basal metabolic rate and body composition during pregnancy. The 20-40 year old female subjects were broadly categorized in two groups; pregnant (N=198) and non-pregnant (N=35).Anthropometric measurements of each subject included height and weight, with basal metabolic rate (BMR), fat mass (FM), fat-free mass (FFM) and total body water (TBW) assayed by bioelectric impedance body composition analyzer. The descriptive statistics revealed pregnancy associated weight gain, increased FFM, FM, TBW and BMR with marked changes during the second and third trimesters. Although multiple linear regression analysis showed substantial change in BMR due to both FM and FFM, fat-free mass contributed to a much lesser extent. Pregnancy, as an anabolic phase of the female reproductive cycle, is associated with metabolic flexibility which alters the relationship between body composition and BMR. These findings however require further validation in longitudinal design studies.

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Effect of marital distance on birth weight and length of offspring

Abstract

Marital distance (MD), the geographical distance between birthplaces of spouses, is considered an agent favouring occurrence of heterosis and can be used as a measure of its level. Heterosis itself is a phenomenon of hybrid vigour and seems to be an important factor regulating human growth and development. The main aim of the study is to examine potential effects of MD on birth weight and length of offspring, controlling for socioeconomic status (SES), mother’s age and birth order. Birth weight (2562 boys and 2572 girls) and length (2526 boys, 2542 girls) of children born in Ostrowiec Swietokrzyski (Poland) in 1980, 1983, 1985 and 1988 were recorded during cross-sectional surveys carried out between 1994-1999. Data regarding the socio-demographic variables of families were provided by the parents. Analysis of covariance showed that MD significantly affected both birth weight and length, allowing for sex, birth order, mother’s age and SES of family. For both sexes, a greater marital distance was associated with a higher birth weight and a longer birth length. Our results support the hypothesis that a greater geographical distance between the birth places of parents may contribute to the heterosis effects in offspring. Better birth outcomes may be one of the manifestations of these effects.

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