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sunlight exhibited increased CWMs of LS, SLA, and LT, indicating that these environmental factors were associated with light-demanding (faster growing) tree species. However, in areas with low values of these factors, we observed increased CWMs of WD and H max , indicating associations with shade-tolerant (slower growing) species. Restoration practices within degraded areas on limestone hills must consider the extreme environments created by large areas of bare rock, shallow soil, and high light. To achieve successful restoration in these areas, managers should plant

revitalisation is to navigate change in degraded areas by creating new opportunities for social, economic and cultural development. Revitalisation efforts combine technical measures with economic revival programmes as well as solutions addressing vital social problems. These measures restore spatial order, improve the quality of life and rebuild social ties ( Bielawska-Roepke, 2008 ). The effects of revitalisation are felt not only in the targeted area, but throughout the entire city. Revitalisation programmes increase a city’s attractiveness, standard of living, and tourist

revitalisation processes of urban space is to change the functional structure of the degraded area, which leads to an economic revival. Revitalisation can be an opportunity for the comprehensive development of regions, in particular in relation to the former industrial districts where the restoration of economic spatial zones is particularly difficult. In the context of such considerations, it is important to present the project of revitalisation in a wider scale, where the action taken will constitute one of the elements supporting the development of the region, and will not

inquiries made before the regeneration begun, the most important and most urgent task was the rearrangement of the Old Town through inclusion of public space, renovation of historical buildings and adaptation of the space for economic, social, educational, touristic and cultural purposes ( Informacja o wynikach konsultacji… 2016 : 80). The first Local Regeneration Programme for the years of 2008–2015 concentrated on the renovation of degraded area, restoration of the Town Hall, reconstruction of pavements, positioning of parking spaces next to Bohaterów Getta Street and

intervention, and combine eight thematic objectives. The highest number of directions is combined in TO8 ( Table 2 ) ( PA 2014 ). Table 2 Combining the directions of intervention with thematic objectives. Direction of intervention Thematic objective dynamisation of efficient and sustainable transport connecting the city and its functional area TO4, TO7 restoration of socio-economic functions in degraded areas included in the composition of the functional urban area TO6, TO8, TO9, TO10 improvement of the state of the natural environment of the city and its functional area TO4

”. Activities related to natural systems are associated with protection of the environment, including its specific elements, re-naturalization of degraded ecological systems, the use of green and blue infrastructure, reclaiming degraded areas and other activities. They all relate to linear systems, because such is the nature of ecological systems. The accomplishments of landscape architecture should always be used in differing situations. The soft activities relate to the economic and social sphere. Economic activities include stimulation of development, like trade and