Manca Garbajs, Primoz Strojan and Katarina Surlan-Popovic
, Germany) with a neck array coil. The diagnostic imaging protocol included axial T2-weighted sequences with short tau inversion recovery (STIR) from the base of the scull to aorticarch (TR/TE 5010/71 ms, TI 170 ms, flip angle (FA) 70°, receiver bandwidth 287 Hz/pixel, matrix size 256 x 256, slice thickness 3 mm, gap 0.3 mm and field of view (FOV) 18 x 18 cm). Axial slices that covered the entire primary tumour were selected for DWI and DCE-MR imaging.
DWI images were acquired in axial plane using pulsed spin-echo echo-planar image sequence (TR/TE 3600/86 ms, receiver
, United Kingdom) with scanning parameters as follows; 0.75 mm collimation, slice thickness 1 mm, 100 kVp, 134 mA, and 0.625 mm collimation, slice thickness of 1 mm, 120 kVp, 165 mA, respectively. Images were acquired with 8 sequential axial slices; 4 slices on full inspiratory phase and other 4 slices on full expiratory phase to assess the degree of air trapping. The slices were performed at 4 levels: at the top of the aorticarch, at the carina, at the right inferior pulmonary vein, and at 2 cm above the right hemidiaphragm. Before scanning, participants were provided
institution we have a single-plain C-arm system Axiom Artis (Siemens, Germany).
We use a classical approach using the Seldinger technique. After the puncture of the femoral artery we introduce the angiographic catheter fist into the femoral artery and then via the aorta and the aorticarch into the common carotid artery. A detailed angiographic processing of the aneurysms with preoperative angiography in typical projections, rotating three-dimensional subtraction angiography with computerized data processing, construction and reconstruction of an aneurysm in the head
aging of the population, the rise in the number of smokers, the introduction of screening programs, and improved diagnostic tools. The disorder is more common in men than in women, with prevalence rates estimated at 1.3–8.9% in men and 1.0–2.2% in women. [ 1 ] However, thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs) have an estimated incidence of at least 5-10 per 100,000 person-years. [ 2 ] According to location, TAAs are classified into aortic root or ascending aortic aneurysms, which are most common (≈60%), followed by aneurysms of the descending aorta (≈35%) and aorticarch
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Nikola Lazovski, Sasko Jovev, Dusan Babic, Srdjan Babic and Omer Dzemali
chronic total occlusion of the subclavian artery. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2012;35:255-62.
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, Di Paolo S, Volpe G, Gentile M. 22q11 deletions in fetuses with malformations of the outflow tracts or interruption of the aorticarch: impact of additional ultrasound signs. Prenat Diagn. 2003 Sep;23(9):752-7.
11. Chaoui R, Heling KS, Lopez AS, Thiel G, Karl K. The thymicthoracic ratio in fetal heart defects: a simple way to identify fetuses at high risk for microdeletion 22q11. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Apr;37(4):397-403. doi: 10.1002/uog.8952. Epub 2011 Mar 4.
12. Bataeva R, Bellsham-Revell H, Zidere V, Allan LD. Reliability
Iwona Strzelecka, Maciej Słodki, Andrzej Zieliński, Iwona Maroszyńska and Maria Respondek-Liberska
from false-positive coarctation of the aorta in the third trimester. J Ultrasound Med. 2009, 28,1313-7
19. Respondek-Liberska M, Sysa A, Gadzinowski J: Financial comparison of neonatal transportation: in utero, by ambulance and by air transportation. Ginekol. Pol. 2004, 75, 326- 331
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, Janiak K, Sysa A, Seligman NS, Weiner S, Respondek-Liberska M. The three-vessel view in the fetal mediastinum in the diagnosis of interrupted aorticarch. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2011 Nov;37(11):1808-13.
10. Rudolph A. M, Heymann M. A, Spitznas N. Hemodynamic considerations in the development of the narrowing of the aorta. Am. J. Cardiol., 1972, 30, 514
11. Slodki M., Respondek-Liberska M., New classifications of prenatally diagnosed congenital heart defects and their influence of neonatal survivability, Prenat Cardio. 2015, 5(3), 6