” ( Miskimmon et al. 2012 , 4), including global economic relations. Their power effect is domestically constitutive (creating identity) and internationally behavioral (shaping behavior). They are a communicative tool for political elites. Their aims are:
to construct a shared meaning to the past, present and future of international politics;
to articulate state’s interests, values and aspirations for the international order;
to articulate end states and ways how to achieve them;
to manage expectations about behavior in the international system;
to change the
managing the region.
Globalization of this process could be seen as a process of promoting the application of this concept in practice as it provides tools for development and stabilization due to increasing availability of communications or transportation. These aspects should be, in my opinion, seen as the key to maintaining the dynamic development of the region and to the concept of transregionalism. I agree with Spoonley (2000, 12) that transnationalism signals that significant networks exist and are maintained across borders, and, by virtue of their intensity and
Milana. 2018 “Collective Trauma, Memories, and Victimization Narratives in Modern Strategies of Ethnic Consolidation: The Crimean Tatar Case.” Crisis and Change in Post-Cold War Global Politics. Ukraine in a Comparative Perspective edited by Erica Resende Dovilė Budrytė Didem Buhari-Gulmez 69 96 Palgrave Macmillan
“Novyi Tavricheskii muftiyat – instrument integratsii c RF – ekspert [New Tavrichesky Muftiate - a tool for integration with the Russian Federation - expert].” 2014. Rianovosti August 22. https://ria.ru/20140822/1021033752.html
fact that the Czech Republic is a member of both groups, that is, the European Union and NATO, gives us the guarantee of security.” “I am deeply convinced that the EU – but also NATO – are tools that cannot nullify the risk of war, but they can reduce it.” This involves not only membership but shared actions: “You know that I’m speaking of the wave of migration that has hitherto and only hitherto avoided us but has significantly impacted our neighboring countries. I appreciate the fact that our army is prepared for this new danger. I appreciate the exercises that
the initial impetus and the most important factor. On the other hand, the best scientific and literary thoughts of the West were disseminated in the curriculum of the Arab College, which focused extensively on teaching English literature in its various forms, reflecting different periods, trends, and schools of English literature. The college included prominent students and teachers and was an appropriate place for the dissemination of contemporary ideas; it could be said that it was the most effective tool in the cultural revival in Palestine. In fact, the greatest
The contemporary world requires a new understanding because the traditional notions and tools have mostly lost their meaning. The reality around us is becoming increasingly complex. On the one hand, material forms of human activity take on a planetary character; economy and politics surpass national borders, increasing the drift toward transnational associations and corporations. On the other hand, in the field of ideas, the trend goes in the opposite direction; nations become more and more divided along ethnic, religious, or cultural lines
Petersburg, the head of the delegation from Kazakhstan Lobanov said that the Kazakhstani Russians went through the “15 years of survival solving the problems alone”. The transcript report of the plenary session of the World Congress of Russian Compatriots (October 2006).
The new national policy of Putin on the Russian diaspora was to stop the influx of Russians to the homeland and to take decisive measures to keep the remaining diasporas in their domiciles, apparently in order to use them as a tool to influence in the national governments. For instance, while visiting
historian Pierre Nora understood museums as one of the elementary tools of history, perceived by him as problematic reconstructions of the past ( Nora 1989 , 12). Museums, according to Nora, are lieux de mémoire (places of memory), “the ultimate embodiments of a memorial consciousness that has barely survived in a historical age that calls out for memory because it has abandoned it” ( Nora 1989 , 12). Cultural and social memory is in permanent evolution in developing individuals as well as among groups and, therefore, differs from history, which is static and universal
One of the main ways that politicians can influence a wider scope of people and reach a larger number of prospective voters is through words that are, much of the time, directed through the media. Words, phrases, and different sets of keywords are considered some of the strongest tools available to politicians as a means of securing new people to vote for them and to retain the loyal voters who have voted for them on previous occasions. Some discourses are at times very repetitive and have been this way for a very long time; some of them have
society, as well as the rights of ethnic minorities.
The debate around national identity and the Moldavian–Romanian language raises many controversies. Through the process of Russification, which started in 1812, “Moldovanism” became the tool of the transitional phase of this process. The theory of “Moldovanism” has a unique anti-Romanian ideological subtext, which aims to impose a new identity on the local population. From the outset, the creation of a new identity of Moldavians was a very well thought-out strategic plan by Imperial Russia and then by the Soviet