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; Goedicke, 2011 ; Panzeri, 2013 ; Stella et al ., 2013 ). Many of these authors stated a difficulty with partial bleaching for a majority of tested samples which makes it impossible to date this kind of material by a standard single aliquot technique, consisting in the analyses of tens or hundreds of grains together.
Thanks to relatively recent developments of single grain attachments that are becoming a more and more frequently used tool for OSL analyses in recent years, the problem of age over-estimation arising from partial bleaching can be overcome. Recently
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rammed earth or mud bricks and mortars ( Aubert et al ., 2015 ; Fratini et al ., 2011 ). Sometimes, earthen mortars are also used to bind high quality fired bricks in churches, private buildings and civic architecture. This construction technique is witnessed in Cremona (Northern Italy, Po valley; Cantù et al ., 2016 ; Fieni, 1999 ; Bonazzi and Fieni, 1995 ), where the earthen mortars object of this study were sampled from two buildings whose structures were well dated on historical ground. To test the dosimetric properties of the samples we used both the small
Renata Mikalauskienė, Jonas Mažeika, Rimantas Petrošius and Piotr Szwarczewski
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Depending on different physical and chemical principles, several analytical techniques are available for the measurement of 210 Pb. There are several methods for analysing the total activity of 210 Pb in the environmental samples based on alpha, beta and gamma spectrometry ( Lehto and Hou, 2011 ; Jia and Torri, 2007 ). They differ concerning the reachable detection limit, selectivity, analytical error, reproducibility and stability against different chemical composition and levels of the natural radionuclides ( Ebaid and