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Ljubomir Pavlović, Nenad Stojiljković, Nikola Aksović, Emilija Stojanović, Zoran Valdevit, Aaron T. Scanlan and Zoran Milanović

motor coordination, and imprinting memories and skills that were practiced. Therefore, consideration of sleep quality and quantity is necessary to understand mechanisms underpinning diurnal variations in physical performance in handball players. To date, diurnal variations in short-term maximal physical performance have been investigated in female handball players ( Mhenni et al., 2017 ), judo athletes ( Souissi et al., 2013 ), and rugby players ( West et al., 2014 ). The existing studies have primarily focused on short-term physical performance using test protocols

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Maria Wieloch, Kamila Bazylińska and Piotr Ziemniak

Abstract

Spontaneous, idiopathic urinary bladder rupture is a very rare disease entity, which may face the problem of proper preoperative diagnosis. In many cases the medical history, physical examination, and additional tests raise false suspicion of gastrointestinal perforation. The study presented a case of a female patient with spontaneous urinary bladder perforation, paying particular attention to the diagnostic difficulties associated with the above-mentioned pathology. The aim of the study was to analyse the presence of symptoms and imaging and laboratory results observed in case of spontaneous urinary bladder rupture, as well as differentiate the above-mentioned pathology with gastrointestinal perforation. Whenever diagnosing a patient with acute peritonitis symptoms, in whom the predominating symptoms include sudden abdominal pain, peritoneal cavity fluid presence, hematuria, oliguria, and coexisting increased urea, creatinine, and potassium levels, one should consider the possibility of urinary bladder rupture.

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Mehmet Kutlu, Hakan Yapici and Abdullah Yilmaz

when attacking or for placing pressure on opponents when defending (Young and Willey, 2010). Soccer also involves perceptual-motor skills that operate simultaneously in a rapidly changing environment ( Bullock et al., 2012 ; Sheppard and Young, 2006 ). The physical capacities of soccer players may be tested by various physical fitness tests. Fitness tests for soccer can be divided into laboratory tests and soccer-specific field tests. Even though laboratory tests are considered reliable and useful in measuring general fitness levels, their validity at measuring

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Rajmund Tomik

., Postulated, assumed, and actual functions of physical education in preparation for participation in physical education and sport [in Polish]. AWF, Kraków 1990. Frołowicz, T., The efficacy of physical education in primary schools [in Polish]. AWF, Gdańsk 1994. Skalik, K., Reliability and accuracy of Strzyżewski's Questionnaire for Testing Youth's Attitude to Physical Education and Sport in the light of studies on the attitudes of 15-year-olds [in Polish]. In: Strzyżewski S. (ed.), Effects of education in physical education

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Amy S. Ha, Angus Burnett, Raymond Sum, Nikola Medic and Johan Y. Y. Ng

References Bélanger M, Gray-Donald K, O'Loughlin J, Paradis G, Hanley J. When adolescents drop the ball: Sustainability of physical activity in youth. Am J Prev Med, 2009; 37: 41-49 Bocarro JN, Kanters MA, Cerin E, Floyd MF, Casper JM, Suau LJ, McKenzie TL. School sport policy and school-based physical activity environments and their association with observed physical activity in middle school children. Health Place, 2012; 18: 31-38 Buliung RN, Mitra R, Faulkner G. Active school transportation in the Greater

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Danuta Neuman and Zygmunt Grzebieniak

Abstract

Surgical site infection is a common complication in surgery, which increases treatment cost, extends hospitalization time and can lead to septic complications. The aim of the study was analysis of postoperative infections in own material and finding significant risk factors with preserving the obligatory procedures in the clinic. Material and methods. Prospective analysis of 270 consecutively operated patients aged from 18 to 101 was performed with observation of early infection until 7th day postoperatively. Factors judged included: age, sex, BMI, operation type: elective or urgent, physical preparation for surgery, antibiotic prophylaxis, length and type of surgery. Wound observation card was used. Data were analysed statistically (t-Student’s test, chi2 test, U Mann Whitney test and logistic regression analysis). Results. Wound infection was observed in 33 patients (12.22% of the entire group). In 24 (8.88%) it was a superficial infection and in 9 (3.33%) deep infection. Statistically significant risk factors were age, presence of diabetes, operation time and operations on large bowel. The average age of patients with present infection was 61.2. In the group without infection there were 6,3% patients with diabetes and 20.8% in the group with infection. In our study diabetes increased the risk of infection four times. The longer the operation time the higher was the risk of deep infection (without complications 76.2 minutes, superficial 94.9 minutes, deep 148.9 minutes). Operations on large bowel were performed in 11.9%of all study patients. In the group of 33 patients with surgical wound infection, 39.4% had colon surgery, 39.4% of all deep infections and 29.2% of all superficial infections. Conclusions. In own study material significant risk factors of surgical wound infection were: age, presence of diabetes, length of operation, large bowel surgery. In preoperative course risk factors should be identified to perform certain prophylactic procedures to lower the risk of infectious complications.

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Maria Jeleńska and Łukasz Romanowski

Wiele R: Studies of the coagulation and fibrinolytic system in hyperstymulation syndrome after administration of human gonadotrophins. J Reprod Med 1975; 14: 138-43. Di Nisio M, Van Sluis GL, Bossuyt PMM et al.: Accuracy of diagnostic tests for clinical suspected upper extremity deep vein thrombosis: a systematic review. J Thromb Haemost 2010; 8: 684-92. Kearon C, Kahn SR, Agnelli G et al.: Therapy for venous thromboembolic disease: American College of Chest Physicians evidence-based clinical practice

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Pantelis Nikolaidis, Gal Ziv, Ronnie Lidor and Michal Arnon

References Aragón-Vargas LF. Evaluation of four vertical jump tests: Methodology, reliability, validity, and accuracy. Meas Phys Educ Exer Sci, 2000; 4: 215-228 Arnason A, Sigurdsson SB, Gudmundsson A, Holme I, Engebretsen L, Bahr R. Physical fitness, injuries, and team performance in soccer. Med Sci Sport Exer, 2004; 36: 278-285 Astrand PO, Rodahl K, Dahl HA, Stromme SB. Textbook of work physiology: physiological bases of exercise (4th ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 2003 Ball KA, Best RJ

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Antonina Kaczorowska, Zofia Ignasiak and Aleksandra Katan

C.J., Measuring functional fitness of older adults. J. Act. Aging, 2002, March-April, 23-30. [18] Różańska-Kirschke A., Kocur P., Wilk P., Dylewicz P., Test Fullerton jako miernik sprawności fizycznej osób starszych. Rehabil. Med., 2001, 10 (2), 15-19. [19] Piekut-Brodzka D., Domy pomocy społecznej - sytuacja i warunki życia mieszkańców. Praca i Zabezpieczenie Społeczne, 1996, 8-9. [20] Chad K.E., Reedem B.A., Harrisom E.L., Ashwort N.L., Sheppard S.M., Schulz S.L., et al., Profile of physical activity levels in

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Stanisław Gołąb, Jan Sobiecki and Janusz Brudecki

. Przewęda R., Physical fitness testing as a health promotion component. In: Physical activity: 2 nd Anthropological Workshop [in Polish]. AWF, Warszawa 1999, 39-47. Drabik J., Physical activity in health education. Part I [in Polish]. AWFiS, Gdańsk 1995. Nazar K., Kociuba-Uściłko H., The importance of physical activity in social disease prevention. In: Górski J. (ed.), Physiological basis of physical efficiency [in Polish]. PZWL, Warszawa, 2001-2002, 532-543. Przewęda R., The conditions of