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Comparison of Mainstream Smoke Composition from CR20 Resin Filter and Empty-Cavity Filter Cigarettes by Headspace SPME Coupled with GC×GC TOFMS and Chemometric Analysis

Silica Optical Fibers; Anal. Chem. 62 (1990) 2145–2148. DOI: 10.1021/ac00218a019 27. Clark, T.J. and J.E. Bunch: Quantitative Determination of Phenols in Mainstream Smoke with Solid-Phase Microextraction-Gas Chromatography — Selected Ion Monitoring Mass Spectrometry; J. Chromatogr. Sci. 34 (1996) 272–275. DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/34.6.272 28. Clark, T.J. and J.E. Bunch: Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Flavor Additives on Tobacco Products Using SPME-GC-Mass Spectroscopy; J. Agric. Food Chem. 45 (1997) 844–849. DOI: 10.1021/jf960522r 29. Stanfill

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Shear Strength of Medium Plastic Expansive Soil Reinforced with Polyester Fibers

-reinforced cohesive soil . Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 6, No. 6, 31-36. Hejazi, S. M. – Sheikhzadeh, M. – Abtahi, S. M. – Zadhoush, A. (2012) A simple review of soil reinforcement by using natural and synthetic fibers . Construction and building materials, Vol. 30, pp. 100-116. Indian Standard, 2010 , IS: 2720 (Part X)-1991 (2006) Methods of Test for Soils: Part 10 Determination of Unconfined Compressive Strength. India: Bureau of Indian Standards Indian Standard, IS 1498-1970 (2002) Indian Standard Classification and Identification of Soils for

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Endoparasites of the European beaver (Castor fiber L. 1758) in north-eastern Poland

Eurasia. Acta Parasitol Pol 1969, 17, 55-64. 17. Tkach V.V., Świderski Z., Dróżdż J., Demiaszkiewicz A.W.: Molecular identification of Echinococcus granulosus from wild European beaver, Castor fiber (L.) from North-Eastern Poland. Acta Parasitol, 2002, 47, 173-176.

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Contribution of Polish agrotechnical studies on Cannabis sativa L. to the global industrial hemp cultivation and processing economy

, Stutterheim NC, Venturi G, Cromack HT. Agronomy of fiber hemp ( Cannabis sativa L.) in Europe. Ind Crops Prod 2000; 11:107-118. doi: 27. Mediavilla V, Bassetti P, Leupin M, Mosimann E. Agronomic characteristics of some hemp geno-types. J Intern Hemp Assoc 1999; 6(2)45:48-53. 28. Grabowska L. Hodowla i nasiennictwo konopi włóknistych w Instytucie Włókien Natural-nych i Roślin Zielarskich w Poznaniu [Breeding and seeding of hemp at the Institute of Natural Fibres & Medicinal Plants in Poznań. Breeding and seeding

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Measurement of the Uniformity of Thermally Bonded Points in Polypropylene Spunbonded Non-Wovens Using Image Processing and its Relationship With Their Tensile Properties

References [1] E. Demirci, “Mechanical behaviour of thermally bonded bicomponent fibre nonwovens: experimental analysis and numerical modelling,” © Emrah Demirci, 2011. [2] H. Lim, “A review of spunbond process,” Journal of Textile and Apparel, Technology and Management, vol. 6, 2010. [3] R. K. Dharmadhikary, T. Gilmore, H. Davis, and S. Batra, “Thermal bonding of nonwoven fabrics,” Textile Progress, vol. 26, pp. 1-37, 1995. [4] K. Yıldız, A. Buldu, and M. Demetgul, “A thermal-based defect classification method in textile fabrics with K

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Evaluation of Agro-Industrial Co-Products as Source of Bioactive Compounds: Fiber, Antioxidants and Prebiotic

of mango, guava, pineapple and passion fruit dietary fibre concentrate. Food Chemistry , 135, 1520-152. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.05.057. 31. Moongngarm, A., Trachoo, N., & Sirigungwan, N. (2011). Low molecular weight carbohydrates, prebiotic content, and prebiotic activity of selected food plants in Thailand. Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology , 3(4), 269-274. 32. Oreopoulou, V., & Tzia, C. (2007). Utilization of plant by-products for the recovery of proteins, dietary fibers, antioxidants and colorants. In: Utilization of By

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Podocyturia: What is in a name?


The podocyte is a highly differentiated cell located in the outer space of the glomerular basement membrane that deals with many different functions. This phylogenetically preserved cell that is responsible for the virtually absence of proteins in the urine lacks of the capacity to divide under normal conditions. When podocytes receive molecular insults, which normally occur during stress conditions as glomerulonephritis, hyperfiltration or metabolic disturbances, they adapt to the new situation by contracting their actin fibers. This adaptive behavior puts at risk the quality of the plasmatic filtration due to the denudation of the glomerular basement membrane, the potential mesangial inflammation and the appearance of proteinuria; podocytes run the risk of detachment from the basement membrane due to a decrease in the adherence to the surrounding matrix after contraction, a process called foot processes effacement. Podocytes change their shape and under constant mechanical stress they finally detach, rendering the glomerular basement membrane unprotected unless other contiguous podocytes are capable of covering the surface. However, these still anchored podocytes are generally also under the same stress situation and follow the same pathway. Podocyturia refers to the presence of these differentiated cells in the urinary sediment. Noteworthy, the podocytes that are encountered in the urine are viable despite the glomerular hostile environment and the urinary acidity. Podocyturia can precede proteinuria and can aggravate it. Therefore, in diseases that can threaten the glomerular normal environment, the presence and the quantification of urinary podocytes can be of remarkable relevance, as it can herald or accompany the appearance of proteinuria, and could offer another view to the interpretation and clinical approach and outcome of proteinuria. However, its identification needs a wide-spread training among biochemists and technicians, as well as commercially available kits.

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Stichorchis subtriquetrus in two beavers (Castor fiber) from Slovenia

[1] Bole, J. (1969): Keys for animal determination — IV — Mollusca. Association of Slovenian biologists, Ljubljana [2] Drózdz, J., Demiaszkiewicz, A. W., Lachowicz, J. (2004): Endoparasites of the beaver Castor fiber (L.) in northeast Poland. Helminthologia, 41: 99–101 [3] Eckert, J. (2000): Helminthologische methoden. In Rommel, M., Eckert, J., Kutzer, E., Körting, W., Schnieder, T. (Eds): Veterinärnmedizinische parasitologie. Parey, Berlin [4] Erickson, A. B

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Meso Mechanical Study of Cracking Process in Concrete Subjected to Tensile Loading

REFERENCES 1. Rouchier S, Foray G, Godin N, Woloszyn M and Roux J-J: Damage monitoring in fibre reinforced mortar by combined digital image correlation and acoustic emission. Construction and Building Materials , Vol. 38, 2013, pp. 371-380. 2. Alam S Y, Saliba J and Loukili A: Fracture examination in concrete through combined digital image correlation and acoustic emission techniques. Construction and Building Materials , Vol. 69, 2014, pp. 232-242. 3. Guo M, Alam S Y, Bendimerad A Z, Grondin F, Rozière E and Loukili A: Fracture process zone

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Thickness Optimisation of Textiles Subjected to Heat and Mass Transport during Ironing

:// [9] Korycki, R., Sensitivity oriented shape optimization of textile composites during coupled heat and mass transport. Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, Vol.53, 2385-2392, 2010 [10] Korycki R., Shape Optimization and Shape Identification for Transient Diffusion Problems in Textile Structures. Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe, 15, 60,43-49,2007 [11] Korycki, R., Shape optimization in oppositely directed coupled diffusion within composite structures, Struct. Multidisc. Optim., 39, 283-296, 2009 [12] Kostowski, E., Heat transfer (in Polish

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