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Tatiana Poliszczuk, Dmytro Poliszczuk, Agnieszka Da̧browska-Perzyna and Monika Johne

-351. Roi G.S., Pittaluga I. (1997). Time-motion analysis in women's th sword fencing. In 4 IOC Congress on Sport Sciences, 22-25 October 1997. Principality of Monaco. Viitasalo J.T., Komi P.V. (2008). EMG, reflex and reaction time components, muscle structure, and fatigue during intermittent isometric contractions in man. International Journal of Sports Medicine 1(4), 185-190. DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1034657. Gursoy R., Aggon E., Stephens R., Mehmet A.Z.(2012). Comparison of the physical and biomotor characteristics, and reaction time

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Charles Blair

principiantes, y promptuario de cuestiones en la filosofía de la verdadera Destreza de las Armas, en que van resumidas con demostraciones practicas y especulativas la mayor parte de las principales d[e ]esta nohilisima ciencia , Naples, Juan Françisco Paz, 1678. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiæ , Volume 38. Injustice (2a2æ. 63–79) Latin text, English translation, Introduction, Notes, Appendices & Glossary, see edition of Marcus Lefébure (London and New York: Blackfriars, 1975). William Hope of Balcomie, A New, Short, and Easy Method of Fencing , Edinburgh, James

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Daniel Jaquet

Northern Europe. Acta Periodica Duellatorum, Vol. 1. Havana Consulting. Contamine, Philippe (2003): La guerre au Moyen Âge. 6th revised edition. Paris: Presses universitaires de France (Nouvelle Clio). Dupuis, Olivier (2009): „Transkription der Handschrift I.6.2°.5”. In: Pragmatische Schriftlichkeit. [online] available at http://www.pragmatischeschriftlichkeit.de/transkription/Cod.I.6.2.5._16.03.09.pdf [accessed 21.12.2009]. Dupuis, Olivier (2013): A fifteenth-century fencing tournament in Strasburg. Acta Periodica

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Dierk Hagedorn

Abstract

In this paper I will describe the adventurous history of an important late medieval German fechtbuch—a fighting manual—that belongs to a number of manuscripts known as the Gladiatoria group. In the beginning, the extent and the characteristics of this group of codices are explained; later on I will deal with one specific specimen that formerly belonged to a library in Germany—the Herzogliche Bibliothek in Gotha—from where it vanished during or after World War II. Until quite recently this manuscript was believed to be lost. I was able to identify a Gladiatoria manuscript from the Yale Center for British Art in New Haven, Connecticut, as that missing manuscript. The article presents a detailed description of the manuscript; it follows the path of the many places the codex passed through from the days of its creation until the present time; it offers a thorough line of argument that proves on one hand that the manuscript from New Haven is in fact identical to the one that disappeared from Gotha, and that verifies on the other hand an assumption by the renowned researcher Hans-Peter Hils that it is identical to yet another believed-to-be-lost manuscript that was sold by auction in Heidelberg in the 1950s and 1960s as single leaves; and finally it makes an attempt to reconstruct the original structure of the manuscript after it had been pulled apart.

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Soline Anthore Baptiste and Nicolas P. Baptiste

Abstract

During the twentieth century, clothing permits a real freedom of bodily movement. However, when examining past athletic activity, we must take into account the period approach to the body: liberty of movement is at the same time controlled by morality, gestures and clothing. The French term “tenue” initially referred to behaviour, but since the end of the eighteenth century concerns the manner of dressing, and later by extension, the “dignity of conduct”. In the past times concerned with “sporting” activities such as the HEMA (Historical European Martial Arts), physical appearance is affected by rules of etiquette imposed by morality and civility. From the Middle Ages to the nineteenth century, each period offers a different overview of the dress standards in relation to the different approaches to corporal identity, and the constriction first necessary for military activities becomes indivisible from the moral and physical construction. As a practitioner of the 21st century, the question raises about our relationship, not only with our bodies but also with past cultures. As demonstrated by some concrete examples, if it is desired to fully approach the ancient practices, it is therefore necessary to also adopt the garment, in the same way as the accessories.

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Anna Burdukiewicz, Jadwiga Pietraszewska, Justyna Andrzejewska and Aleksandra Stachoń

sports performance. In KI Norton and TS Olds, editors. Anthropometrica: A Textbook of Body Measurement for Sports and Health Courses. Sydney: UNSW Press. 287-364. Ochoa A, Gutiérrez G, Margain L, de Luna A. 2013. Determining anthropometry related with Fencing using social data mining. J Phys Educ Sport Manag 4(3):31-35. Pieter W. 1991. Performance characteristics of elite taekwondo athletes. Kor J Sport Sci 3:94-117. Pieter W. 2008. Body build of elite junior taekwondo athletes. Acta Kines Univ Tart 13

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Jack Gassmann, Jürg Gassmann and Dominique Le Coultre

-)Constructions’, Acta Periodica Duellatorum 4/2 (2016), 5-30. Chandler, Jean, ‘A comparative analysis of literary depictions of social violence in two important 16 th Century autobiographies, from the perspective of the fencing manuals of the Renaissance’, Acta Periodica Duellatorum 3/1 (2015), 101-137. Deacon, Jacob Henry, ‘Prologues, Poetry, Prose and Portrayals: The Purposes of Fifteenth Century Fight Books According to the Diplomatic Evidence’, Acta Periodica Duellatorum 4/2 (2016), 69-90. Forgeng, Jeffrey L., The Art of Combat: A German Martial Arts

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Ken Mondschein

Martial Arts of Renaissance Europe (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001). Anglo, Sydney, “The Man Who Taught Leonardo Darts: Pietro Monte and his ‘Lost’ Fencing Book”, The Antiquities Journal 69 (1983), 261–278. Baxandall, Michael, “Guarino, Pisanello, and Manuel Chrysoloras.” The Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 28 (1965), 183–204. Bestor, Jane Fair, “Bastardy and Legitimacy in the Formation of a Regional State in Italy: The Estense Succession”, Comparative Studies in Society and History 38/3 (1996), 549–585. Boccia

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Monika Płuciennik

Go: Capture of the Eyes by New Objects , Psychological Science, 9, 5, pp. 370-385. Projekt Uchwały Rady Miasta Gdańska w sprawie zasad i warunków sytuowania obiektów małej architektury, tablic reklamowych i urządzeń reklamowych oraz ogrodzeń, ich gabarytów, standardów jakościowych oraz rodzajów materiałów budowlanych, z jakich mogą być wykonane (Project of Act of Gdańsk City Council on the rules and conditions for placement of street furniture, signboards and other advertisement carriers and fencing, their dimensions, quality standards and types of

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Wojciech J. Cynarski

-47). Rzeszów: Rzeszow University Press. Cynarski, W.J., Szajna, G. (2012a). Z dziejów szermierki w Polsce - Szkoła Michała Starzewskiego /From history of fencing in Poland - Michał Starzewski’s school/. In T. Socha and B. Szade (Eds.), Sporty indywidualne w teorii i praktyce /Individual sports in theory and practice/ (pp. 13-26) .Zeszyty Metodyczno-Naukowe AWF, no. 32, Katowice: AWF (in Polish). Cynarski, W.J., Szajna, G. (2012b). Japanese fencing art kenjutsu in Poland (1987-2012) with particular emphasis on Podkarpacie. In W.J. Cynarski