Peter C. Douris, John P. Handrakis, Demitra Apergis, Robert B. Mangus, Rima Patel, Jessica Limtao, Svetlana Platonova, Aladino Gregorio and Elliot Luty
Cognitive performance (CP) includes the processes of attention, memory, processing speed, and executive functioning. Executive function is the highest order of CP and is dependent on selective attention, judgment, anticipation, planning, and conflict resolution through selective inhibition occurring in the prefrontal cortex ( Tam, 2013 ). Cognition is responsible for the selection of goal directed behaviors, which occur through the complex interaction between perception, memory, and action ( O’Leary et al., 2011 ). Cognitive function is a
Dominika Maciejewska, Małgorzata Michalczyk, Maja Czerwińska-Rogowska, Marcin Banaszczak, Karina Ryterska, Karolina Jakubczyk, Jakub Piotrwski, Joanna Hołowko, Arleta Drozd, Paweł Wysokińki, Krzysztof Ficek, Krzysztof Wilk, Anna Lubkowska, Paweł Cięszczyk, Jerzy Bertrand and Ewa Stachowska
among former athletes. Therefore, it seems important to search for optimal nutrition for this population.
The Mediterranean diet has a significant impact on the improvement of lipid variables and insulin resistance, therefore it has cardiovascular protective effects. Some of these effects are caused by an increased intake of unsaturated fatty acids. Research has shown that the Mediterranean diet can improve the fatty acid profile in the serum and help reduce inflammation ( Hagfors et al., 2005 ). A one year dietary intervention based on the Mediterranean diet in
Javier Fernández-Rio, Jose A. Cecchini and Antonio Méndez-Giménez
people seek to obtain, maintain or avoid”. However, “goal setting does not necessarily lead to goal pursuit” ( Riediger et al., 2005 ). Many goals remain just goals, and they never become a true part of the individual, because he/she never really pursues them. The selection, optimization and compensation model of human development ( Baltes and Baltes, 1990 ) emphasizes that select and structure goals are very relevant in an individual’s life. “Through them, people give direction to development; through effective goal-directed actions, they shape their life course in