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The Effects of Aerobic Exercise and Gaming on Cognitive Performance

Introduction Cognitive performance (CP) includes the processes of attention, memory, processing speed, and executive functioning. Executive function is the highest order of CP and is dependent on selective attention, judgment, anticipation, planning, and conflict resolution through selective inhibition occurring in the prefrontal cortex ( Tam, 2013 ). Cognition is responsible for the selection of goal directed behaviors, which occur through the complex interaction between perception, memory, and action ( O’Leary et al., 2011 ). Cognitive function is a

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Seeking Optimal Nutrition for Healthy Body Mass Reduction Among Former Athletes

among former athletes. Therefore, it seems important to search for optimal nutrition for this population. The Mediterranean diet has a significant impact on the improvement of lipid variables and insulin resistance, therefore it has cardiovascular protective effects. Some of these effects are caused by an increased intake of unsaturated fatty acids. Research has shown that the Mediterranean diet can improve the fatty acid profile in the serum and help reduce inflammation ( Hagfors et al., 2005 ). A one year dietary intervention based on the Mediterranean diet in

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Does Context, Practice or Competition Affect Female Athletes’ Achievement Goal Dominance, Goal Pursuit, Burnout and Motivation?

people seek to obtain, maintain or avoid”. However, “goal setting does not necessarily lead to goal pursuit” ( Riediger et al., 2005 ). Many goals remain just goals, and they never become a true part of the individual, because he/she never really pursues them. The selection, optimization and compensation model of human development ( Baltes and Baltes, 1990 ) emphasizes that select and structure goals are very relevant in an individual’s life. “Through them, people give direction to development; through effective goal-directed actions, they shape their life course in

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