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Effect of Elevated Intra-Abdominal Pressure on the Contractile Activity and Reactivity of Smooth Muscle Tissue from Rat Gastrointestinal Tract to Galantamine and Drotaverine (No-SPA)

J Surg 2009;33(6):1116-22. Timoney MF, Zenilman ME. How we manage abdominal compartment syndrome. Contemporary Surgery 2008;64(10):165-70. Madl C, Druml W. Systemic consequences of ileus. Best Practice & Research Clinical Gastroenterology 2009;17(3):445-56. Moore-Olufemi SD, Xue H, Bashir AO, et al. Resuscitation-induced gut edema and intestinal dysfunction. The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection and Critical Care 2005; 58(2): 264-70. Moore-Olufemi SD, Xue H

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The effectiveness of stability training of the lumbo-pelvic-hip complex in ballroom dancers with low back pain

References 1. Beckmann-Kline J, Krauss JR, Maher SF, Qu X. Core strength training using a combination of home exercises and a dynamic sling system for the management of low back pain in pre-professional ballet dancers. J Dance Med Sci, 2013; 17(1): 24-33 2. Bolin D. Evaluation and management of stress fractures in dancers. J Dance Med Sci, 2001; 5(2): 37-42 3. Cholewicki J, McGill SM. Mechanical stability of the in vivo lumbar spine: implications for injury and chronic low back pain. Clin Biomech, (Bristol, Avon

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Use of Perfluorocarbon Based Blood Substitute Perftoran in Correction of Hypoxia during Acute Anemia in Animals

ultrathin silica coating for the synergistic effect of chemotherapy and ablation by high-intensity focused ultrasound. Adv Mater. 2014; 26(43):7378-85. 14. Forgiarini LA Jr, Forgiarini LF, da Rosa DP, Mariano R, Ulbrich JM, Andrade CF. Endobronchial perfluorocarbon administration decreases lung injury in an experimental model of ischemia and reperfusion. J Surg Res. 2013; 183(2):835-40. 15. Cronin WA, Senese AL, Arnaud FG, Regis DP, Auker CR, Mahon RT. The effect of the perfluorocarbon emulsion Oxycyte on platelet count and function in the

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Computed tomography in diagnosis and staging of the retroperitoneal tumors

Abstract

The main role of retroperitoneal tumor diagnosis is the imaging examination. Diagnostic imaging is essential for describing and predicting lesion integrity limits adjacent organs.

Methods. The results are based on a sample of 53 patients admitted in the Urology Clinic and investigated during the period 1 January 2005 - 31 December 2014. Results. CT scan for retroperitoneal tumor: vascular tumors are diagnosed in 100% of cases, while endocrine tumors and lymphomas values are between 50-66.67% in terms of a positive diagnosis. In 54.71% of cases studied was identified retroperitoneal tumor invasion into adjacent structures (29 patients), and for 12 cases (22.64%) CT scan was not conclusive enough. CT scan investigation to identify metastasis has statistical significance (p <0.01) according to the different types of retroperitoneal tumors, there were on average 35% for highlighting values of peritumoral lymph nodes and 13% for metastases. The relationship between retroperitoneal tumor size detected by CT (coefficient R =0.736) than those found intraoperative CT examination reveals that tends to underestimate the retroperitoneal tumor size.

Conclusions. Imaging diagnosis is mainframe of positive diagnosis for retroperitoneal tumors. CT scanning bring data not only on tumor location, but also about the nature of injuries (cystic or solid), presence or absence of necrosis, invasion of adjacent structures and abdominal metastases.

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Study on in Vivo Pial Vessels Alterations and Activity of Isolated Vascular Smooth Muscles in Abdominal Hypertension Rats

REFERENCES 1. Sanchez NC, Tenofsky PL, Dort JM, et al. What is normal intra-abdominal pressure? The American Surgeon 2001;67(3):243-8. 2. Hunt L, Frost SA, Hillman K, et al. Management of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome: a review. J Trauma Manag Outcomes 2014;8:2. 3. Rogers WK, Garcia L. Intra-abdominal hypertension, abdominal compartment syndrome, and the open abdomen. Chest 2018;153(1):238-50. 4. Berry N, Fletcher S. Abdominal compartment syndrome. Continuing Education in Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain

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Damage control surgery in blunt cardiac injury

HH, Strom PR, Mullins RJ. Management of the major coagulopathy with onset during laparotomy. Ann Surg. 1983; 197:532-5. 6. Rotondo MF, Schwab CW, McGonigal MD, Phillips GR 3rd, Fruchterman TM, Kauder DR, et al. Damage control: an approach for improved survival in exsanguinating penetrating abdominal injury. J Trauma. 1993; 35:375-82. 7. Wall MJ Jr, Villavicencio RT, Miller CC, Aucar JA, Granchi TA, Liscum KR, et al. Pulmonary tractotomy as an abbreviated thoracotomy technique. J Trauma. 1998; 45:1015-23. 8. Vargo DJ

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Gastrointestinal Non-Infectious Complications in Patients on Peritoneal Dialysis

References 1. Shirazian S, Radhakrishnan J. Gastrointestinal disorders and renal failure: exploring the connection. Nat Rev Nephrol 2010; 6(8): 480-92. 2. Cornelis T, Oreopoulos DG. Update on potential medical treatments for encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis: human and experimental data. Int Urol Nephrol 2011; 43(1): 147-56. 3. Tannour JN, Abboud BN. Idiopathic sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis: Abdominal cocoon. W J Gastroenterol 2012; 18(17): 1999-2004. 4. Park SH, Kim YL, Lindholm B

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Assessment of structural and functional condition of rats bone tissue under the influence of various parameters of vibration

Abstract

Whole body vibration involves the exposure of the entire human body to direct contact with environmental vibration. Chronic mechanical vibrations, combined with the physical attributes of the human body, can amplify the incoming energy and present the potential for negative health effects. Vibration exposure can, thus, result in adverse health effects such as spinal injuries, abdominal neurological and cardiovascular disorders. These can manifest indirectly as an accident causal factor. The aim of our research is to study the impact of vibration fluctuations of different frequencies on the structural and functional condition and mechanisms of bone remodelling. An experimental study was, therefore, conducted on mature male rats. For assessment of bone metabolism in the venous blood of rats, osteocalcin level was determined, while fragments of rats’ lumbar vertebrae were subsequently taken for histologic examination. Our work revealed that with the increase of vibration frequency, an increase of osteocalcin level in the blood of experimental animals comes about. Moreover, we noted after terminating vibration fluctuations on the 56th day of the experiment, osteocalcin levels are gradually reduced. In addition, in the course of histological study of specimens of lumbar vertebrae bone tissue, even as early as of the 28th day of the experiment, evidences of acute impairment of the bone tissue and initial signs of its remodelling are clearly traced. Indeed, on the 56th day, the remodelling processes represented by enhanced regeneration in the zone of the cartilage plate, increased in proliferation activity. We also saw hyperplasia of chondrocytes, hypertrophy of the respective zones of cartilage tissue, zones of forming immature bone tissue on the areas of previous damage, focal replacement fibrosis and angiomatosis. Hence, with increasing vibratory acceleration of 0,5 g, the rate of bone metabolism grows, osteoblast activation processes are accelerated and the impairment of collagen and calcium loss is increased. All this leads subsequently to the occurrence of osteoporosis.

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Difficulties in myocardial protection, tactics and surgical technique in the surgical treatment of a giant pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta

References 1. Parmley L.F., Mattingly T.W., Manion W.C. & Jahnke E.J. (1958). Nonpenetrating traumatic injury of the aorta. Circulation . 17, 1086-1101 2. Sabri M.N., Henry D., Wechsler A.S., Di Sciascio G. & Vetrovec GW. (1991). Late complications involving the ascending aorta after cardiac surgery. Am Heart J . 121, 1779-1783 3. Bozkurt A.K., Besirli K., Yuceyar L. & Arslan C. (1999). An unusual cause of false aneurysm of the descending aorta due to traumatic disruption of the aorta. Injury. 30, 443

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Incidence of significant extravascular findings in patients undergoing computed tomographic angiography of the whole aorta or abdominal aorta

, we focused on CTA of the whole aorta and CTA of the abdominal aorta, which are usually requested in hospital for patients with common clinical manifestations, such as abdominal pain, chest pain, pulsatile abdominal mass or traumatic accidents who have suspected aortic disease or injury. In this study, we excluded patients who were the recipients and donors of renal transplants and patients with known significant vascular disease without new clinical onset. There were also incidental significant extravascular findings that may be important and require further

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