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Intravaginal Administration of Sildenafil Citrate Increases Blood Flow in the Bovine Uterus

, Marfil G, Jauregui J, Lagioia E., Luther M.: Transrectal Doppler sonography for evaluation of uterine blood flow throughout pregnancy in 13 cows. Theriogenology 2006, 66, 2113-2119. 28. Paulus W.E, Strehler E, Zhang M, Jelinkova L, El-Danasouri I.: Benefit of vaginal sildenafil citrate in assisted reproduction therapy. Fertil Steril 2002, 77, 846-847. 29. Pozor M, Muehlhaus J, King A, Macpherson M.L, Troedsson M.H, Bailey C.S.: Effect of pentoxifylline treatment on testicular perfusion and semen quality in Miniature horse stallions. Theriogenology 2011, 76, 1027

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Beneficial Effect of Chronic Treatment with Extracts from Rhodiola Rosea L. and Curcuma Longa L. on the Immunoreactivity of Animals Subjected to a Chronic Mild Stress Model

chronic mild stress protocol introduces a combined model of depression in rats: Reversibility by imipramine and pentoxifylline. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2014;126:152-62. 13. Konsman JP, Veeneman J, Combe C, et al. Central nervous action of interleukin-1 mediates activation of limbic structures and behavioural depression in response to peripheral administration of bacterial lipopolysaccharide. Eur J Neurosci 2008;28(12):2499-510. 14. Mattioli L, Funari C, Perfumi M. Effects of Rhodiola rosea L. extract on behavioural and physiological

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Markers of Atherosclerosis in Hypertensive Patients with Less Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease

pentoxifylline administration. Am J Nephrol. 2006;26(6):562–70. 4. Fogo AB. Mechanisms of progression of chronic kidney disease. Pediatr Nephrol. 2007;22(12):2011–22. 5. Snaedal S, Heimbürger O, Qureshi AR, et al. Comorbidity and acute clinical events as determinants of C-reactive protein variation in hemodialysis patients: implications for patient survival. Am J Kidney Dis. 2009;53(6):1024-33. 6. Turkmen K, Guney I, Yerlikaya FH, Tonbul HZ. The relationship between neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and inflammation in end-stage renal disease patients. Ren Fail

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Core-in-cup/liquisol dual tackling effect on azelnidipine buccoadhesive tablet micromeritics, in vitro release, and mucoadhesive strength

vitro characterization of a new nasal dosage form, Eur. J. Pharm. Sci . 27 (2006) 62–71; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejps.2005.08.005 23. M. S. Surapaneni, S. K. Das and N. G. Das, Effect of excipient and processing variables on adhesive properties and release profile of pentoxifylline from mucoadhesive tablets, Drug Dev. Ind. Pharm. 32 (2006) 377–387; https://doi.org/10.1080/03639040500519367 24. A. Tiraferri, P. Maroni, D. Caro Rodriguez and M. Borkovec, Mechanism of chitosan adsorption on silica from aqueous solutions, Langmuir 30 (2014

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Effect of weight reduction on histological activity and fibrosis of lean nonalcoholic steatohepatitis patient

management of NASH. [ 22 ] Among different drugs tested, [ 23 ] vitamin E, [ 24 , 25 ] pioglitazone, [ 25 ] liraglutide, [ 26 ] telmisartan, [ 27 ] pentoxifylline [ 28 ] were found to improve histological activity and fibrosis in different degrees. But these must be balanced with their potential adverse effects. Therefore, diet and lifestyle modification, with weight reduction remains the mainstay of treatment in these patients. [ 16 , 22 ] Previous studies testing the effectiveness of lifestyle modification in NAFLD have found that 7 to 10% weight loss is

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Impact of Recurrent Airway Obstruction (RAO) on Selected Antioxidants in Horses

Sephadex-induced airway inflammation. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 95, 43-48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-7843.2004.pto950109.x PMid:15245576 46. Hay, D.W., Goldie, R.G. (1998). Potential pathophysiological role of endothelin-1 in asthma. Drug News Perspect 11, 411-418. http://dx.doi.org/10.1358/dnp.1998.11.7.660500 PMid:15616682 47. Leguillette, R., Desevaux, C., Lavoie, J. (2002). Effects of pentoxifylline on pulmonary function and results of cytological examination of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in horses with recurrent airway obstruction. Am J

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The role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor in the treatment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

clinical study between the effect of fenofibrate alone and its combination with pentoxifylline on biochemical parameters and liver stiffness in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, Hepatol. Int. 9 (2015) 471-479; DOI: 10.1007/s12072-015-9633-1. 43. T. Kopf, H. L. Schaefer, M. Troetzmueller, H. Koefeler, M. Broenstrup, T. Konovalova and G. Schmitz, Influence of fenofibrate treatment on triacylglycerides, diacylglycerides and fatty acids in fructose fed rats, PLOS ONE 9 (2014) e106849; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0106849

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Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (DPP IV/CD26)

olsalazine. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1998;12:925-34. Murthy SN, Cooper HS, Shim H, Shah RS, Ibrahim SA, Sedergran DJ. Treatment of dextran sulfate sodium-induced murine colitis by intracolonic cyclosporin. Dig Dis Sci 1993;38:1722-34. Murthy S, Cooper HS, Yoshitake H, Meyer C, Meyer CJ, Murthy NS. Combination therapy of pentoxifylline and TNFalpha monoclonal antibody in dextran sulphate-induced mouse colitis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1999;13:251-60. Ohkusa T. [Production of experimental ulcerative

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Adverse effects of organophosphorus pesticides on the liver: a brief summary of four decades of research

;32:759-65. doi: 10.1177/0960327112468179 168. Tehrani H, Halvaie Z, Shadnia S, Soltaninejad K, Abdollahi M. Protective effects of N-acetylcysteine on aluminum phosphide-induced oxidative stress in acute human poisoning. Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2013;51:23-8. doi: 10.3109/15563650.2012.743029 169. Ranjbar A, Ghahremani MH, Sharifzadeh M, Golestani A, Ghazi-Khansari M, Baeeri M, Abdollahi M. Protection by pentoxifylline of malathion-induced toxic stress and mitochondrial damage in rat brain. Hum Exp Toxicol 2010;29:851-64. doi: 10

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Statin use and histopathological change in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis

present. However, their benefit for cardiovascular disease, which is prevalent in NAFLD populations, should not be overlooked [ 68 ]. The recommended treatments according to the 2018 AASLD guidelines are weight reduction, vitamin E, and pioglitazone in non-diabetic adults with biopsy-proven NASH [ 1 ]. Despite the established recommendation, there are several ongoing investigations of other drugs such as glucagon-like peptide 1 agonists, statins, pentoxifylline, and obeticholic acid [ 36 , 69 ]. One of the key confounders of the included studies is the lack of

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