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Challenges for the European SPA Management. Results of the ILIS Project

Challenges for the European SPA Management. Results of the ILIS Project

Introduction. The spa industry has been rapidly growing throughout Europe in recent years, which has led to an associated increase in educational demand in spa management. The aim of the study was to identify the most important needs for training and the most significant skills among the spa managers and their personnel throughout Europe. Moreover, it was to research the background of spas were the study had taken place. Material and methods. 30 managers took part in semi structured interviews that used a pre-prepared questionnaire. The answers were analysed with Wilcoxon signed rank test and also the mean values were compared. Results. The needs for training and importance of skills vary from country to country but common areas of interest are: sales, marketing, quality and innovation management, legal regulations, operational and social skills. The complex character of answers to questionnaire was a result of different spa business models and differing domestic spa markets as well as variety of legal environments. Conclusions. Spa tourism creates a significant income among the other tourism disciplines since that further research is needed. Demands for the spa education differed accordingly to a stage of each country spa business development. Spa managers tend to express higher training needs for their employees than for themselves.

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The Incidence of Gonorrhea in Belgrade in the Period 2010 - 2014

Abbreviations WHO - World Health Organization AIDS - acquired immunodeficiency syndrome MSM - men who have sex with men NAATs - nucleic acid amplification tests HIV - human immunodeficiency virus References 1. World Health Organization. Global incidence and prevalence of selected curable STI-2008. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2008 [cited 2015 Jul 4]. Available from: 2. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Sexually transmitted

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Models of Organisation of Youth Elite Sports Training System in Europe

References Combining sports and education: Support for athletes in the EU Member States. Working Paper. European Parliament, Directorate - General for Research, Education and Culture Series. EDUC 114 EN, Luxembourg, 2003. Consolidated versions of the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union (2008) 6655/1/08 REV 1 Council Of The European Union. Brussels, 30 April 2008. Declaration on the specific characteristics of sport and its social function

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Drug Closure of a Patent Ductus Arteriosus in an Extremely Low Birth Weight Premature Newborn. A Case Report

zdrowia publicznego mających na celu zwalczanie chorób zwyrodnieniowych ośrodkowego układu nerwowego związanych ze starzeniem się, zwłaszcza choroby Alzheimera (16516/08). 10. Rezolucja Parlamentu Europejskiego z dnia 19 stycznia 2011r. w sprawie europejskiej inicjatywy dotyczącej choroby Alzheimera i pozostałych demencji (2010/2084 (INI)). Dz.U. Unii Europejskiej (2012/C 136 E/07). 11. Cele Alzheimer Europe. [ Europe/Our-work/Aims] 12. Kim jesteśmy. [ Who-we-are] 13

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Healthy Stadia Programme: innovative approach to health promotion

REFERENCES 1. Drygas W, Ruszkowska J, Philpott M, et al. Good practices and health policy analysis in European sports stadia: results from the ‘Healthy Stadia’ project. Health Promot Int. 2013;28(2):157-65. 2. Crabb J, Ratinckx L. The healthy stadia initiative: a report for north west public health team. Department of health, UK; 2005. 3. Parnell D, Curran K, Philpott M. Chapter 12: Healthy Stadia: A settings based approach to health promotion. In: D. Parnell, P. Krustrup. Sport and health: the current state of play. London: Routledge; 2017

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The Attitude of the Students of the Academy of Physical Education to Smoking Habits


Introduction. Poland is among the top ten countries of the European Union displaying the highest intensity of smoking.

Aim. To evaluate the frequency and intensity of smoking, the strength of nicotine addiction and the motivation to discontinue smoking, among students of the Academy of Physical Education.

Material and methods. First, a survey involving an anonymous questionnaire (which included both the Fageström and Schneider tests), was conducted within a population of 276 students. Next, this was analyzed statistically using the Statystica 7.1 program.

Results. The initial results of this research showed that 29, 71% of all respondents smoke cigarettes. Moreover, the applied Fageström test revealed that the test population was either: slightly addicted (44, 72% of all respondents), moderately addicted (34, 84% of all respondents), or heavily addicted (17.44%).

Conclusions. The prevalence of smoking among students of the Academy of Physical Education remains alarming. Furthermore, the negative health behaviors contribute to an adverse overview of the health of the questioned students.

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Prevalence and Drug Consumption Habits at the 2011 Peninsula Festival in Tîrgu Mureș

psychoactive ”ethnobotanicals” in Romania. Farmacia. 2010;58:121-123. 4. Romanian Ministry of Health - Press Service. Ministerul Sănătăţii a stabilit lista cu plante și substanţe cu proprietăţi psihoactive care vor fi interzise, după ce s-au dovedit a fi periculose pentru sănătate [Internet]. 2010 [updated 2010 Feb 10]. Available from: 5. Hibell B, Guttormsson U, Ahlström S, Balakireva O, Bjarnason T, Kokkevi A, Kraus L. Substance Use Among Students in 35 European Countries. ESPAD Report. 2007

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The International Diffusion Of European Alcohol Research / Mednarodna Razpršenost Evropskih Raziskav O Alkoholu

:// 8. Leifman H. Homogenisation in alcohol consumption in the European Union. Nordisk Alkohol 2001; 18(Suppl): 15-30. 9. Productshap Voor Gedistillerde Dranken. World Drink Trends. Henley-on-Thames: NTC Publications Ltd, 2005. 10. European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. National drug-related research in Europe. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2008.

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Screening the Presence of Amflora Transgenic Potato in Food or Feed Products

References 1. Regulation (EC) No. 1829/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2003 on genetically modified food and feed. Official Journal of the European Union, L268, 1–23. 2. Regulation (EC) No. 1830/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2003 concerning the traceability and labelling of genetically modified organisms and the traceability of food and feed products produced from genetically modified organisms and amending Directive 2001/18/EC. Official Journal of the European Union, L268, 24

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Product liability system in healthcare

References Ware A, Kelly B. Nanotechnology and the European Product Liability Directive. RAJ Pharma 2009; 4: 1-4. Michael Cheng. Medical device regulation, Global overview and guiding principles. Pridobljeno 28. 5. 2012 s spletne strani:…/MD_Regulations.pdf.…/MD_Regulations.pdf Sekolec J. Odgovornost proizvajalca stvari z napako. Ljubljana: Center za samoupravno normativno dejavnost, 1981

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