Mikołaj Bielański, Susanna Saari, Anna Wilkońska, Telle Tuominen, Inma Mora, Daniel Binder, Deborah Kendale, Harprit Thacker, Agata Pluszyńska and Paweł Adamski
Challenges for the European SPA Management. Results of the ILIS Project
Introduction. The spa industry has been rapidly growing throughout Europe in recent years, which has led to an associated increase in educational demand in spa management. The aim of the study was to identify the most important needs for training and the most significant skills among the spa managers and their personnel throughout Europe. Moreover, it was to research the background of spas were the study had taken place. Material and methods. 30 managers took part in semi structured interviews that used a pre-prepared questionnaire. The answers were analysed with Wilcoxon signed rank test and also the mean values were compared. Results. The needs for training and importance of skills vary from country to country but common areas of interest are: sales, marketing, quality and innovation management, legal regulations, operational and social skills. The complex character of answers to questionnaire was a result of different spa business models and differing domestic spa markets as well as variety of legal environments. Conclusions. Spa tourism creates a significant income among the other tourism disciplines since that further research is needed. Demands for the spa education differed accordingly to a stage of each country spa business development. Spa managers tend to express higher training needs for their employees than for themselves.
Milan Bjekić, Hristina Vlajinac and Biljana Begović-Vuksanović
WHO - World Health Organization
AIDS - acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
MSM - men who have sex with men
NAATs - nucleic acid amplification tests
HIV - human immunodeficiency virus
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Combining sports and education: Support for athletes in the EU Member States. Working Paper. European Parliament, Directorate - General for Research, Education and Culture Series. EDUC 114 EN, Luxembourg, 2003.
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Declaration on the specific characteristics of sport and its social function
Anna Kaczyńska, Katarzyna Broczek, Zofia Sienkiewicz and Joanna Gotlib
zdrowia publicznego mających na celu zwalczanie chorób zwyrodnieniowych ośrodkowego układu nerwowego związanych ze starzeniem się, zwłaszcza choroby Alzheimera (16516/08).
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Agnieszka Szychowska, Joanna Ruszkowska and Wojciech Drygas
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Katarzyna Wójtowicz-Chomicz, Anna Czeczuk, Elżbieta Huk-Wieliczuk and Andrzej Borzęcki
Introduction. Poland is among the top ten countries of the European Union displaying the highest intensity of smoking.
Aim. To evaluate the frequency and intensity of smoking, the strength of nicotine addiction and the motivation to discontinue smoking, among students of the Academy of Physical Education.
Material and methods. First, a survey involving an anonymous questionnaire (which included both the Fageström and Schneider tests), was conducted within a population of 276 students. Next, this was analyzed statistically using the Statystica 7.1 program.
Results. The initial results of this research showed that 29, 71% of all respondents smoke cigarettes. Moreover, the applied Fageström test revealed that the test population was either: slightly addicted (44, 72% of all respondents), moderately addicted (34, 84% of all respondents), or heavily addicted (17.44%).
Conclusions. The prevalence of smoking among students of the Academy of Physical Education remains alarming. Furthermore, the negative health behaviors contribute to an adverse overview of the health of the questioned students.
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Noemi Robles, Silvia Matrai, Vanesa Carral Bielsa, Joan Colom and Antoni Gual
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